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[sv-poetry] Sri Vilakkoli Perumal, Thoopul/ThirutthaNkA dhivya Desam: Nithya AarAdhana Kaimkaryam for VilakkoLi PerumAL and Swamy Desikan : Part XXXIX: Thirty Fifth SlOkam

From: Sadagopan (
Date: Mon Jun 03 2002 - 18:13:53 PDT


Dear BhakthAs:

Today , adiyEn will cover the Thirty Fifth slOkam 
of Sri SaraNAgathi DhIpikai , where Swamy Desikan
salutes the glories of Bhaagavath asEshathvam :

NaaTa Thvath-ishta-viniyOga-visEsha-siddham 
  sEshathva-saaram-anapEkshya nijam GuNag~nyaa:
BhakthEshu thE varaguNArnava Paaratantryaath
  dhAsyam bhajanthi vipaNI-vyavahAra-yOgyam 

--SrI SaraNAgathi DhIpikai: SlOkam 35

Oh ViLakkoLi PerumALE ! Oh Vast Ocean of all auspicious
attributes (Vara GuNArNava)! The chEthanAs are Your bonded
servants (sEshAs). You are their undisputed Master and Lord(sEshi). 
It is but natural for You as the Master of  property (Your servants)
to command them to become the servants of Your dear BhaagavathAs.
This is quite a natural development arising out of the relationship 
between true servants and their undisputed Master.Your servants are not 
content just with the serving of Your BhaagavathAs. They are overcome 
with the noble attributes of Your BhaagavathAs as they serve them 
and reach a stage in their relationship to sell themselves to
those BhaagavathAs in the context of being their property. Your true 
servants( nija bhruthyAs) possess admirable auspicious attributes
and are therefore recognized as "GuNaj~nA:".They understand 
the essence of their relationship (sEshathva Saaram ) to You as 
seshans and aim to please Your ThiruvuLLam always ( Thvath ishta
viniyOga VisEsha siddham sEshathva saaram anubhavathi). Even
this does not make them fulfilled , when they get a taste of
serving Your BhaagavathAs dear to You . They get attracted to
Your BhaagavathAs and become bound to them ( nijam sEshathva saaram 
anapEkshya thE BhakthEshu paaratantryAth dhaasyam bhajanthi). 
Swamy Desikan points out that their attitude of subservience 
to the Lord's BhAgavathAs make the servants of the Lord reach 
the highest state of dependency , where they enjoy being treated
as a commercial property that could be readily bought and sold by
the BhAgavathAs so that they can use them (sEshAs) as they please.
That is the high quality of Daasyam ( servitude)that the sEshAs 
desire ( VipaNi vyavahAra dhAsyam Bhajanthi).

Additional Comments (V.S):
We hear the echo of this statement in one of PeriyAzhwAr's
ThirukkOttiyUr Paasurams ( Periya Thirumozhi:4.4.10):

" KesavA! PurudOtthamA! KiLarcchOthiyAi!KuraLA yenRu,
  pEsuvAr adiyArkaL yenthammai VIRKAVUM PERUVAARKALE "

( Those dear BhaagavathAs of the Lord , who recite with Joy
the various names of the Lord have the right to buy and
sell us as their property).

Swamy Desikan states in PurushArTa KaashtAdhikAram
that this is the ancient way designed by the Lord .
He is immensely pleased with His BhakthAs worshipping
His BhaagavathAs and He welcomes that even more than 
the devotion shown to Him by His BhakthAs.If Bhagavath 
Kaimkaryam is a lofty goal of life ( PurushArTam ), 
the boundary or yellai nilam for that Bhagavath Kaimkaryam 
is BhAgavatha Kaimkaryam.

The PramANams cited by Swamy Desikan in this context are:

1. aaradhanAnAm sarvEshAm VishNOrArAdhanam Param
   Tasmath PARATARAM prOktham TadhiyArAdhanam PARAM
   ---PaadhmOtthAram: 29-81

  (Among all kinds of worship , the worship offered to VishNu
   is the most lofty one. Even better than that is the aarAdhanam
   of His TadhiyAs or His BhaagavathAs).

2. TadhAsrayasyAsrayaNAth tasya tasya cha tasya tasya cha
   SamsEvAnnaraa lOkE pooyanthE sarva-paathakai:
   --Garuda PurANam , Sriranga MahAthmyam 8.91

   ( Men are released from all kinds of sins by worshipping
     the Lord , His devotee and the devotee of that devotee
     and the devotee of the latter and down that chain of 
     devotees of the Lord ). 

This is what ThiruppANAzhwar informs us in the very first
Paasuram of his dhivya prabhandham: "AmalanAdhipirAn adiyArkku
yennai aatpaduttha Vimalan " ( My sacred Lord , who made it
possible for me to become the servant of His BhaagavathAs).

Poushkara Samhithai classifies the entourage (ParivAram ) of
the Lord as AapthAs and anApthAs ( dear ones and not so dear
ones ). The AapthAs (vENDIyavar) are the Nithya Sooris ( eternally
liberated ones ) , MukthAs ( those liberated souls , who gained
that status thru the observance of Bhakthi or Prapatthi yOgam)
and His BhaagavathAs ; the anaapthAs ( vENDAthavarkaL) are 
the SamsAri Jeevans devoid of Bhagavath Bhakthi and other karma 
VasyAs. Thus BhaagavathAs are grouped among the dearest ones of
the Lord .

In the concluding section of the PurushArTa-KaashtAdhikAram ,
Swamy Desikan extolls the greatness of the ParamaikAnthis ,
who consider the worldly wealth as insignificant as a blade 
of grass (ThruNam) ; they reject kaivalyam ( aathma saakshAth-
kaaram ) or even the lofty status of Brahma (Brahma Padham) ;
the ParamaikAnthi BhAgavathAs do not even ask the Lord for 
the boon of MokshAnugraham . They are parisuddhAs (the purest ones) 
and of the firmest of mind ( sTira dhiyA:)in their devotion to their
Lord . They are compared to the Chaste wife , who never leaves
her inner chambers (SuddhAntha SiddhanthnI) and is devoted only 
to her wedded husband. Swamy  Desikan prays for becoming 
the daasan for the TadhiyAs of the Lord , the paramaikAnthis.

Vedam aRintha Bhagavar viyakka viLangiya seer
Naatan vahuttha vahai peRunAmm Avan nalladiyArkku
aatharamikka adimai isainthu azhiyA marai nool 
neethi niRuttha nilai kulayA vahai ninRanamE

(Meaning): We are the thankful inheritors of the sampradhAyam 
blessed to us by the Lord , whose radiant and auspicious
attributes is the perennial object of adoration by His
BhAgavathAs. We stay resolutely committed to the practise of 
the anushtAnam rooted in His eternal VedAs that command 
the devotional kaimkaryam to His BhAgavathAs as the boundary
of Bhagavath kaimkaryam ( PurushArTa Kaashtai).

SrImath Azhagiya Singar PaadhAngri rENu , 
Oppiliappan Koil VaradAchAri SadagOpan 

(P.S): Dear BhakthAs: Please help with the NithyArAdhana
Kaimkaryam at ThUppul VedAntha Desikan Sannidhi and 
the daily AarAdhanam for Swamy Desikan's home PerumAL
and PirAtti , Sri Maragathavalli SamEtha Sri DhIpa PrakAsan.
Please contact adiyEn , if you would like to support this 
important Kaimkaryam and join the BhaagavathAs , who have
already contributed Five and a quarter laks of Rupees 
against the need of 10 laks of Rupees. Thank You. 


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