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From: Sadagopan (sgopan_at_computer.net)
Date: Sat Oct 09 1999 - 18:18:37 PDT
The NINE Sri Sookthis of AchArya RaamAnujA ******************************************* This CD ROM has focused deeply on the Sri Sookthis of AchArya RaamAnujA and Bhagavadh AarAdhanam . AdiyEn will therfore highlight the main points about AchArya RaamAnujA's Sri Sookthis . (1) Sri Bhaashyam , the magnum opus of AchArya RaamAnujA is the greatest commentary on Brahma SoothrAs of BadarAyaNA and is based on the BodhAyana Vrutthi , TankA's VaakhyA , DramidA's BhAshyam on TankA's VaakhyA , Saankhyasapathi of IsvarakrishNA , PaancharAthra samhithA , AaLavandhAr's Siddhitrayam and Aagama PrAmANyam . With the help of select Sruthi, Smruthi and Saathvika PurANam passages, AchArya RaamAnujA effectively crticizes the other commentaries on Brahma SoothrAs based on SankarA's AdhvaithA and BhAskarA's BhEdAbhEdA as untenable and establishes the accuracy of Sri BhAshyam rooted in Sri VisishtAdvaitham . The essence of Sri Bhaashyam (Four Synoptic propositions ) has been summarized by Sro AdhidEvAnandA this way : (a) It is a reasoned and critical reconstruction of the philosophy of the Upanishads with due appreciation of other sources of knowledge such as perception and inference and the supplementary scriptures . (b) The reconstruction presents Ultimate Reality , Brahman , the Supreme Spirit ,as the trascendent respository of ALL perfections and as holding as it's own embodiment the totality of finite existence ,sentient and insentient . (c) The pathway to the final good of life is the blissful communion with Brahman by way of devout and loving contemplation named BHAKTHI , facilitated by a life of virtue and founded on assured philosophical understanding. (d) The end attained through that means is the eternal experience of Brahman , with all the plentitude and eternity which only that experience can bring to the individual personality .It is the supreme ecstasy of Life in God . (2) The GitA BhAshyam is an elaboration of AaLavandhAr's GithArtha sangraham . The individual verses are explained in the light of the VisishtAdhvathic tenets : " Reality is personalistic with countless auspicious attributes , and that it is a qualified whole of which Isvaran is the Soul , and the Jiva and the Jagat (Prakrti) form the body in inseparable relation with the Whole, but there are internal divisions of the nature of modes in It." The saadhanas that an aspiring human being should adopt for Moksham are explained by AchArya RaamAnujA here .Moksham in the complete sense is explained as occuring with the fall of the physical body , "after which the released soul is clothed in a body of suddha-sattvA with which it is able to commune with God and experience His overpoweringly august but loving presence through eternity ". This is described as the experience of ParipUrNa BrahmAnandham in the abode of Sriman NaarAyaNA at Sri Vaikuntam . 3.VedArtha SangrahA : This elaborate treatise is an important commentary on the correct meanings of the important passages of VedAs and Upanishads .This grantham points out the deficiencies in the rival schools of VedanthA in general and AdhvaithA in particular . This grantham pays a lot of attention to the VisishtAdhvaithic intrepretations of Tattva(Reality), HithA ( Means of attaining Brahma ) and PurushArtham ( Supreme Goal of Life). 4. VedAntha DipA : This grantham is a shorter commentary on Brahma SoothrAs. The essential purport of each of the SoothrAs is given. It stays away from the scholarly arguments of Sri Bhaashyam and does not include the ctitique of the rival systems . 5.Vedantha SaarA : This is yet another brief commentary on Brahma SoothrAs for those of average familiartiy with VedAthic doctrines. This grantham gives the meaning of each soothram and AdhikaraNam . 6. SaraNAgathi Gadhyam : This is one of the three Gadhyams bequeathed to us by AchArya RaamAnujA.This gadhyam explains the nature , importance and method of performance of Prapatthi at the sacred feet of the Divya dampathis . 7. Sriranga Gadhyam : Here AchArya RaamAnujA prays to Lord RanganAtha and Sri RanganAyaki with Parama Bhakthi and utter humility . 8. Sri Vaikunta Gadhyam : This is a moving description of Sri Vaikuntam visualized by AchArya RaamAnujA during his divine ecstasy following his Prapatthi on a Panguni Uttharam day in presence of the Divya Dampathis of Srirangam . The depth of AchArya RaamAnujA 's mystical experience of Sri Vaikuntam and the supreme bliss enjoyed there by the MukthAs and Nithya Sooris is unparalleled . 9. The Nithya-GranthA : This practical grantham instructs us about the proper form of worshipping Sriman NaarAyaNA . Hence , this grantham is also known as Bhagavadh-aarAdhana PrayOgA . Fifteen points are stressed and these are elaborated further in this CD ROM dedicated to AchArya RaamAnujA . Our great AchAryan insists that a VishNu Bhakthan MUST perform Aaradhanam to the Lord to qualify as His devotee as described in the twelfth chapter of BhagavadhgitA . His Kaimkaryam for SamprahAya Pravarthakam : After his return to Srirangam from ThirunArAyaNapuram , AchArya RaamAnujA as a great administrator established 74 SimhAsanAdhipathis to grow the Darsanam and gave them each a set of Sankham and Chakram for performing Pancha SamskArams. He handed over copies of SrikOsam on Sri Bhaashyam to ThirukkuruhaippirAn PiLLAn , NdAdUr AzhwAn, KidAmpi AacchAn and MudaliANDAn and asked them to continue with the pravachanam of Sri Bhaashyam and made them Sri Bhaashya SimhAsanAthipathis. He singled out ThirukkuruhaippirAn PiLLAn to initiate Bhagavadh Vishaya KaalakshEpam and made this special sishyan (His Jn~Ana Puthran) a Ubhaya SimhAsAnAthipathi. In addition to the above 74 simhAsanAthipathis, there were 700 Jeeyars and 12,000 EkAnthis and thousands of Kainkarya- parALs , who sought the sacred feet of AchArya RaamAnujA for refuge. Out of his infinite compassion , AchAryA RaamAnujA in his last days gave us a five point guideline to follow (yathA sakthi)that would assure us the grace of Sriman NaarAyaNA : (a)Perform KaalakshEpam of Sri Bhaashyam and spread its message to others. (b) If that is difficult , perform KaalakshEpam of AzhwAr's aruLiccheyalkaL and spread their messeages . (c) If that proves to be diffcult , perform daily Kaimkaryams at Divya Desams through offering NaivEdhyam to the Lord, lighting lamps in sannidhis , SamarpaNam of ThuLasi and flower garlands to the Dhivya dampathis et al. (d) If that proves to be not possible , recite the Manthra Rathnam , Dhvayam , and contemplate on its meaning . (e) If none of the above is beyond one's sakthi , then seek Sri VaishNava sathsangam and become the Thiruvadi of BhagavathAs to attain the bliss of Moksham . Concluding Salutations to NamperumAL and AchArya RaamAnujA ************************************************************ AdiyEn will conclude this short summary of the life and works of AchArya RaamAnujA with the three slOkams uttered in presence of Sri RanganAtha at the conclusion of the AdhyayanOthsavam conducted by AchArya RaamAnujA : sarvadEsa dasAkAlEshu avyAhata parAkramA RaamAnujArya dhivyAj~nA vardhathAm abhivardhathAm ---- ThirukkuruhaippirAn PiLLAn RaamAnujArya DhivyAj~nA prathivAsaramujjvalA DhiganthavyApini BhUyAth saa hi LokahithaishiNi ---- MudaliANDAn Sriman Srirangasriyam anubhadravAm anudhinam samvardhaya Sriman Srirangasriyam anubhadhravAm anudhinam samvardhaya --- AchArya RaamAnujA May we seek the blessings of the Parama DayALu , AdhisEshAvathaarar , Sri RaamAnujA and the Guru paramparai established by him on the occasion of the release of this Special CD ROM celebrating his immortal gifts for us and conclude with His Taniyan : yO nithyam Achyutha PadhAmbhujayugmarugma vyAmOhatha: tadhitharANi thruNAya mEnE asmath GurO:BhagavadhOsya dayaikasindhO: Raamaanujasya CharaNou SaraNam prapdhyE DaasAnu Daasan , Oppiliappan Koil VaradchAri Sadagopan PramAthi Samvathsaram, PurattAsi Pooram KrishNa Paksha ThrayOdasi Thithi , October 7, 1999 .