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Date: Sun Oct 04 1998 - 07:06:12 PDT
Dear Bhagavatas, Given below is Part 4 on Control of Mind. Dasoham Anbil Ramaswamy Control of Mind- Part 4 (The role of Yoga) Regulating the body, speech and mind is what it all means by the term `Yoga.' We will discuss the role of ‘Control of Speech’ as a prelude to ‘Control of Mind’ later. For now, let us see what Yoga coupled with Praanaayaama (in short, ‘Control of the body’) can help in the control of the mind. As there are different kinds of personalities, some reflective, some emotional, others active and yet others empirical -- a distinct `Yoga' is prescribed for each of these categories. It is discipline that distinguishes an organized regiment from a motley rabble; it is discipline that differentiates a genuine yogi from a fake yogi. By such regulation, physical and mental equilibrium can be reached and all perturbance abated. 'Light does not flicker in a windless place' says the Gita. When this equilibrium is reached, a Quietus is ushered in the threefold activities of the body, speech and mind. This is also called `Nirvikalpa Samadhi,' because there is no doubt, no confusion, no uncertainly but everything becomes clear in the union of the individual soul with the Universal soul. 'Vikalpa' means doubt, confusion, uncertainty and the prefix `NIR' denotes the absence of these. RAJAYOGA & HATAYOGA (KINGLY AND FORCEFUL UNION) In Raja Yoga and Hata Yoga practiced by some, extreme postures are resorted to especially in Tantric cults'. `Kundalini' -a psycho-spiritual energy, the very energy of consciousness in the form of a serpent supposed to be lying coiled between the genitals is sought to be aroused and believed to pass through a series of six `Chakras' or `Yogic centers along the spinal column until it unites with the seventh known as `Sahasrara' on the top of the skull resulting in new states of consciousness including mystical illumination. These chakras have been identified as -- i. Muladhara (Root lying between Anus and Genitals- pubic-at the base of the spine) ii. Svadishtana (Bottom of the Genitals- below the navel-umblical - Sacral) iii. Manipurvaka (Opposite the stomach-navel- solar plexis) iv. Anahata (Opposite the heart - At the tip of the nose-nasal) v. Visuddhi (Throat-the hollow of the sinuses- Laryngical) vi. Ajna Or Ajnakya (Between eye brows - on the forehead) vii. Sahasrara (Top of the Skull- crown of the head -cerebrum) The practitioners of `Hata yoga' explain that `HA' means `moon' and `THA' the sun. The solar and the lunar currents flowing through the body constitute the life force (Prana) which can be regulated by control of breath. As `Breath' is equated with the `life-force.' They believe that the control of the one automatically controls the other. Hatayoga consists of the following 1. Asana (Postures), 2. Dhauti ( Cleanliness), 3. Pranayama (Breath control) 4. Bandha (Locks that regulate the flow of Prana and 5. Mudra ( Gestures).