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From: V. Sadagopan (75041.3037_at_compuserve.com)
Date: Mon Oct 14 1996 - 04:49:22 PDT
NAVARATHRI SECOND DAY , 1996 * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * THERE ARE TWO BEAUTIFUL AND DELECTABLE STOTRAS ON KRISHNA AND RAMA BY SRI LEELA SUKHAR OF KERALA AND ONE OF THE PEETATHIPATIS OF KANCHI SANKARACHARYA'S LINEAGE RESPECTIVELY . ON THIS SECOND DAY OF DHATHU SAMVATSARA NAAVARATHRI , LET US MEDITATE ON THESE TWO MASTER EULOGIES ON SRIMAN NARAYANA . BOTH THE AUTHORS WERE OF SAIVITE FAITH AND WERE EXEMPLAARS OF THE FAMOUS ADAGE ON SAMA RASAM KNOWN AS "ANTHA: SAAKTHO , BAHIR SAIVO , VYAVAHAARESHU VAISHNAVA: ". The author of Sri Krishna KarnAmrutham is Bilva Mangalar(AD 1220-1300 ). He was a contemproary of Swami Desikan ( AD 1268-1369 ). Since he described with great joy the leelas of Krishna like Sukha Brahmam, the author of Srimad Bhagavatham , he came to be known as Leela Sukhar . He belongs to the tradition of great devotees of Krishna of Kerala such as Narayana Bhattadhiri , the author of Sri NarayaNeeyam , Poonthaanma and Vasudeva Nambhhodhri and other great scholars of Dasama skhandham of Srimad Bhagavatham . In his early life , he was very fond of a Deva Daasi by the name ChintAmaNi . She teased him once about his scholarship in VyaakaraNam , Naatakam and Alankaara Saastram and told him that if he had one thousandth of the affection for Bhagavaan , he would easily save his life . That was the turning point for Bilva MangaLar . He thanked Lord Krishna for deflecting his obsession with ChintaamaNI towards Him and immersed himself in Krishna chintanaa. He started his masterpiece called Krishna Karaamrutham with the slokam : " CHINTAAMANI JAYATHI SOMAGIRIR GUROHMEH ". There are 328 slokaas in this masterwork and every one of them is a Karna Ranjani . He concludes with the last slokam with the passage : " LEELAASUKENA RACHITAM TAVA DEVA KRISHNA KARNAAMRUTHAM VAHATHU KALPA SATAANTAREPHI " . He prays to the Lord and says : " May this work of Leelaasukhaa be a nectar to the ear of the hearer and be that way for the span of time beyond one hundred kalpam( Chathur yugam) ." There is a tradition to worship Krishna as Gopaala Sundari . The mantram for that murtham has 33 beejaaksharams and is made up of Sri Rajagopaala Mantram's 18 letters and the 15 letters of Sri Pancha Dassakshari of Sri Vidyaa . Infact , the Lord of Raja Mannargudi ( Dakshina Dwaarakai ) , Sri Rajagopalan is meditated upon as Sri Vidya Raajagopalan and is said to have Sri Chakram under the lotus feet of his archaa murtham at this temple. His alankaaram as Mohini (Madana Gopala Sundari ) during His Brahmothsavam is well known .Sri Leela Sukhar worshipped this Madana Gopala Sundari form ( Dhyana Slokam 3-104 of Krishna Karnaamrutham ) . One of the descendants of Kamakoti peetam known as Bhodendra Saraswathi was a great believer in Sri Rama Naama Siddhaantham He abdicated his position as the head of the mutt and retired to a village known as Govindapuram near KumbakoNam and created the slokas of the delectable Sri Rama KarNaamrutham . He was a predecessor to Saint Thyagaraja and his successors , who spread Rama Naama Siddhaantham on the banks of Cauveri. I have written earlier about his attaning Jeeva Sammadhi in the sands of Veera Sozhan river,a branch of Cauveri . I will conclude this posting with one piece each from the two Karnaamruthams . The words chosen in these verses are in simple Sanskrit and full of the spirit of a Bhaktha's yearning and search for the Lord"s Darsana Sowbhaagyam . HAY DEVA HAY DAYITHA HAY JAGADEKHA BHANDHO HAY KRISHNA HAY CHAPALA HAY KARUNAIKA SINDHO I HAY NAATHA HAY RAMANA HAY NAYANAABHIRAAMA HAA HAA KADHAA NU BHAVITHAASI PADHAM DHRUSOHRMEH II Krishna Karnaamrutham 1.40 ( O Deva Deva ! O Object of my supreme affection! O the friend of the Universe ! O Krishna ! O Lord who melts with compassion over the welfare of your devotees ! O ocean of Mercy ! O Lord of mine! O delight of my eye , who warms my heart ! Alas ! I am suffering without your darsanam . When are you going to present yourself before me ? ) HAY RAAMA! HAY RAMANA ! HAY JAGDEKHA VEERA ! HAY NAATHA ! HAY RAGHUPATEH ! KARUNAALAVAALA! HAY JAANAKI RAMANA ! HAY JAGADEKHA BANDHO ! MAAM PAAHI DHEENAM ANISAM KRUPANAM KRUDHAGNAM II Sri Rama KarNaamrutham --4. 18 ( O Raama! O Beautiful one ! O the supreme (Hero ) warrior of the World ! O Lord of mine! O the chief of the Raghu race ! O ocean of mercy ! O delight of Sri Janaki ! O the true friend of this universe ! Please save me , the ungrateful wretch ! ) The beauty of individual slokas of both the Karnaamruthams is oberpowrering . I will quote and comment briefly on them in subsequent postings . Sri Rama Krishna Svarooya , Sriman NArAyanAya Nama : Oppiliappan Koil Varadachari Sadagopan .