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Date: Mon Oct 30 1995 - 21:27:55 PST
Mr. Krishna Prasad said: >>>the essence of "chaturvarnyam maya srishtam" >>- is that as per the words, it is clearly indicated >> that "beings belonging to 4 castes were created >>>by me according to gunas and karma" >>>- ie. varnas are both birth based and nature based. >>>This is the clear traditional view of all the acharyas - >>>shankaracharya, Sri Ramanujacharya and Madhvacharya. <<<< I don't see how one can equate Guna and Karma to mean Birth and Nature. Actually it means Nature and work. For example the guna of gold is non reactivity (stability), malleability and ductility. These gunas make it suitable for being used to make jewellery and that is how gold works (it's Karma is jewelery). These Gunas of gold were determined at it's birth(formation) irrespective of what individual parent elements that were involved in it's formation. Likewise Guna of coal is ability to produce heat (calorific value/BTU) and Karma is it's use in runnning a steam engine. The other forms of carbon (diamond, graphite, fulleranes) have different gunas and serve different karmas. In other words Guna predisposes one to particular type of Karma(s). The varna of an individual is determined AT birth(conception) and not BY birth. Unless the parents are homozugous, it is impossible to recreate a progeny of identical varnya. However, by carefully controlling the contributing parents, it is possible to increase the probability of reproducing the Varna of the parents in the child. This woud be similar to controlled breeding done with animals (pets, thoroughbred horses, homozygous mouse etc) after numerous inbreedings (back crossings). In a human situation, this is nearly impossible. Clearly, there is no indication in this verse (Chaturvarnyam maya srishtam.........) of anything to do with the Varna being determined by birth (ie., by parents). Gita matches with the scientific view but not our Purvacharyas interpretation of this verse as stated by Mr. Krishna Prasad. K. Sreekrishna.