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Sri GuNa Ratna kOsam : Part VI--> Second SlOkam

From: Sadagopan (
Date: Sun Oct 22 2000 - 08:13:31 PDT

SrimathE RaamAnujAya nama:

Dear BhkthAs :

adiyEn will start this posting with the tribute
to Sri RanganAyaki housed in " OrANN Vazhi AchArayrkaL
Vaazhi ThirunAmam " and commence the commentary on 
the Second slOkam and place it in the context of
Sri ParAsara Bhattar's well respected skills as 
a MahA Kavi and deep devotee of Sri Ranga NaacchiyAr. 

Tribute to Sri RanganAyaki as the Second AchAryan

Pankayap-poovil PiRantha Paavai NallAL VaazhiyE 
  Panguniyil Utthara NaaL Paarr uthitthAL VaazhiyE
MangayarkaL Tilakamena Vantha Selvi VaazhiyE
  Maalarangar MaNi Maarbhai mannumavaL VaazhiyE
YenkaL Yezhirc-ChEnai mannarkku Itham-uraitthAL VaazhiyE
  Irupattanju uttpporuL Maaliyampum AvaL VaazhiyE
Senkamalac-Cheyyarangam Sezhikka VanthAL VaazhiyE
  Sriranga NayakiyAr ThiruvadikaL VaazhiyE 

(Meaning ):

Hail to the auspicious lady born in the red lotus flower !

Hail to the sacred lady , who incarnated on 
this LeelA VibhUthi on a Panguni Uttharam day !

Hail to the Lady , who is the most auspicious symbol
among Women !

Hail to the most beautiful One , who has chosen
the sacred chest of Lord RanganAthA ,as the enduring 
(eternal)place of Her residence !

Hail to this (second ) AchAryan in our AchArya paramparai ,
who initiated the esoteric meanings of Tatthav-Hitha-
PurushArthams to our sacred Senai MudaliyAr ( VishvaksEnar)
to serve as the next link in the eternal AchArya Vamsam!

Hail to this AchAryan , who revealed the inner meanings
of the 25 Tatthvams of Sri VaishNava sampradhAyam !

Hail to this avathAram of MahA Lakshmi , who
incarnated to grow the Isvaryams of every kind
at Srirangam known for its beautiful lotus ponds !

Our deep Salutations to the holy feet of
the Empress of Srirangam , Sri Ranga NaacchiyAr !

Sri Paraasra Bhattar's status as a MahA Kavi

Sixty one of the Sri GuNa Rathna KOsam belong 
to the total of 337 verses in all his sthuthis
set in 45 kinds of poetic metres.

Dr.S.PadmanAbhan of the Depatment of Sanskrit
has analyzed brilliantly the extraordinary skills 
of ParAsara Bhattar as a Mahaa Kavi and great
Sri VaishNavite AchAryA. He has highlighted with
examples the skills of ParAsarA as a MahA Kavi
arising from the limitless anugraham of 
the dhivya dampathis of Srirangam , who raised 
ParAsarA as their own child and lulled him to
sleep in a cradle in Their sannidhi .Such a rare
anugraham has led to greatness in ParAsarA's 
sthuthis and it is no where more evident than in
the Sri GuNa Rathna Kosam SlOkams. Dr.PadmanAbhan
lists a few of these quality marks in MahA kavi
ParAsara Bhattar's sthOthrams in general and in
Sri GuNa rathna Kosam verses in particular:

1. "Sadhya: Paranirvruthi ": Capacity to transport
the  mind of the listener and the reciter to 
a world of immeasurable Joy (Aanandham).

2." ParichithamivAthApi Gahanam ": Capacity to 
reveal the magnanimous dimensions and unfathomable
depths once a critical mind tries to comprehend
the full significance of the words chosen by the poet.

3."PadhAnAm SaubhrArtham ": A close affinity and cohesion 
among the words chosen in the poetry .

4." SayyA or Paaka ": Judicious juxtaposition of
the words in a slOkam in such a way that the words 
do not allow any substitution or change .

5. "animishanishEvyam SravaNayO:" Having a total effect
of Sweetness in hearing the slOkam again and again.
It has an insatiable effect due to its MaadhUryam .

6. "Bahu-guNa ParINAhi" Having many other GuNAs 
to distinguish it as great poetry marked by
enjoyable RasAs and BhAvAs such as " PrasAda
( Clarity of word and meaning ) , Ojas (power to
stimulate the mind), SamatA (balanced expressions),
Kaanthi (lustre and elegance to stand out),
SusabhsabdatA ( usage of Refined words and
expressions ). 

Additional marks of greatness arise from clever use 
of SabdhAlankArAs (Figurs of Speech) , poetic metres ,
skills in handing VyAkaraNam (Grammar)and NyAyAs

The end result is like " SitAkshIra NyAyam " 
(adding Sugar to Milk to enhance their
individual enjoyments). 

The Second slkOam of Sri GuNa Rathna KOsam 
is a classic example of the poetic skills of
a MahA Kavi:

  SrirangarAja-MahishIm SriyamAsrayAma:

AdiyEn will continue with the meanings and commentary
of this second slOkam in the next posting .

Srimath Azhagiya Singar ThiruvadigaLE SaraNam ,
Daasan, Oppiliappan Sannidhi VaradAchAri SatakOpan    


           - SrImate rAmAnujAya namaH -
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