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From: V. Sadagopan (75041.3037_at_compuserve.com)
Date: Sun Nov 05 1995 - 17:48:32 PST
In this stotram, Swami Desikan covers the FOLLOWING topics to illustrate the glory , power and status of Garuda as one of the foremost Nitya Sooris serving Sriman Narayana in Sri Vaikuntam: 1.Vedas praising Garuda Bhagavan. 2.Garuda"s service to Sriman Narayana as His Vehicle and Flag 3.His matrimonial status with his two wives(Rudrai and Sukeerthi) 4.His adornment of great serpents as his jewellery on his limbs 5.His heroic deed in bringing nectar from Indra Loka 6.His other heroic deeds in battles on behalf of his Lord 7.His splendour as the Amsa(aspect) of Para Vasudeva(i-e) his Sankarshana swaroopam 8.His manifestion in five individual forms 9.His conferral of Vedhanta Vidya to his aspiring devotees(i-e) his status as Acharya 10.The worship of him by learned scholars and saints 11.His power as the Garuda Mantra Moorthy 12.His power to bless one with the 4 Purusharthas (goals ) of Life 13.His incarnation as Garuda as a result of the prayers of the Vaalakilya sages 14.His power to bless on e with the True knowledge or Brahma Vidya It is generally believed that the recitation of this Dhandakam daily would protect one from the harms caused by poisonous aimals such as snakes, scorpions et al. Poetic Structure of this Dhandakam ----------------------------------------------------- In sanskrit poetry , each of the 4 Paadas of a sloka can have 26 letters.If the letters of each Paadas increase to 27,30,33,36(other multiples of 3 beyond 27), then this slokam is recognized as a Dhandakam. The 3 lettered unit is known as a Gana. Thus a 27 lettered Paada will have 9 Ganas.There is generally no restriction on the length of the Paada in a Dhandakam.Swami Desikan chose Paadas with 36 Ganas or 108=(32X4 )letters for the four Paadas of Garuda Dhandakam. The poetic genius of Swami Desikan is abundantly evident in this Composition.The Paadas of this Dhandakam parsed by its 144 Ganas make intricate swoops in the air and make sharp turns like the high soaring Pakshi Raja(Garuda). The grammar of the flight movement of this Dhandakam is defined by Naganas and Raganas.At the beginning of each Paada,the first two Ganas are made up of Naganas and the remaining 34 are made up of Raganas. Naganas are those Ganas ot triads of Aksharas/Syllables,which are laghu in character; Raganas are those, where the middle Akshara is Laghu and the remaining two are Guru. The genius of Swami Desikan as a poet is revealed from the study of this Dhandakam, where he scrupulously adheres to the rules of the Dhandakam construction , including the nuances of meter and Ganas constituting them. METERS ------------- THE FIRST SLOKA (Nama: Pannaganaddhaya) IS SET IN THE VEDIC METER KNOWN AS ANUSHTUB WITH 32 SYLLABLES.THE LAST SLOKA (VICHITRA SIDDHA:) IS ALSO SET IN THE SAME METER.THE SLOKA PRIOR TO THE LAST ONE IS SET IN AARYA VRITTHAM.THE REMAINIG SLOKA FORMS THE BODY OF THE DHANDAKAM WITH ITS FOUR PAADAS AND EACH OF THE PAADAS CONTAINING 36 GANAS. SRI GARUDA DHANDAKAM ********************************* * Srimathe Nigamantha Maha Desikaaya Nama: Sriman Venkatanaatharya: kavithaarkika Kesaree I Vedanthaacharya Varyome Sannidhattaam sadha Hrudhi II Sloka 1 ----------- Nama: pannaganaddhaaya vaikunta vasavardhineh I Srutisindhu Sudhotpaadamandaraaya Garutmathe II My salutations to Garuda with the beautiful wings.His limbs are adorned by the mighty serpents, that he has conquered in battle. They are his jewellery. He does all the intimate kainkaryas to his Lord and is His Antharanga Daasa. Garuda is devoted always to the Lord and His services. He is adept like the Mandara mountain in churning the milky ocean of Vedas and to bring out the Brahma Vidyas. We can get the benefits of these Brahma Vidyas by offering our worship to him. My salutations are to him. Dhandakam : Paada 1 -------------------------------- Garudamakhila Veda Needhadhirootam Dwishad Peetanothkantithaakunta vaikuntapeetikrta skandhameedhe Svaneedhaa gatipreetha Rudraa Sukeerthi sthanaabhogakatopakuta sphuratkantakavraata veda vyataavepamaana dwijihavaadhikalpa vishpaaryamaana spataavatikaa ratna rochischataa raaji neerajitham kaanti kallolinee raajitam I Garuda Bhagavan has designed the Vedas as his cage and uses that cage as his seat. (This suggests that the Vedas sing his praise). His Lord Sriman Narayana is bent upon destroying the Enemies of His devotees.No one can stop Sriman Narayana in these endeavours. When He sets about to destroy the enemies of His devotees, he uses the shoulders of Garuda as his transport. When Garuda transports his Lord on His missions, his wives-Rudrai and Sukeerthi-- miss his absence from home. When the Lord"s mission is successfully concluded, Garuda returns to his wives and they embrace him intimately with affection . In that ecstatic state, the hairs on the body of Garuda become stiff like thorns.This in turn hurts the serpents, which are covering his body.The serpents are overcome with fear and they raise their hoods. On those occasions, the ratnas positioned on their hoods radiate their brilliant red rays. That splendorous group of red rays appear at that time as the mangala Aaratthi to Garuda and he sparkles in that flood of red light. Dhandakam : Paada 2 *************************** Jaya Garuda Suparna Darveekaraahaara Devaadhipaahaarahaarin diwowkaspati Kshipta Dambholi Dhaaraa kinaakalpa Kalpaantha Vatoola Kalpodhayaanalpa Veerayithoodhyacchamatkaara Daityaari Jaitra Dhwajaarohanirdhaaritotkarsha Sankarshanaatman Garutmun Marutpanchakaadheesa Satyaatimurthe na Kascchit samas te namaste punaste nama: II O Garuda Bhagavan! You have been named Suparna, because of the beauty of your wings. Serpents of immense size serve as your food. You brought Nectar - the food of the Devas- from Indra Loka to release your mother from the bonds of servitude. Indra got angry at you during that time and threw his Vajra weapon at you . The sharp edge of that powerful weapon caused wounds on your wings and rest of the body . the welts from those wounds look today as pieces of jewelery on your body and attest to your heroic deed in defeating Indra. Your other heroic deeds stand out like the mighty winds that sweep the universe during the time of the great deluge. You are sitting on the flag of your Lord , which denotes His victory over His enemies and from your position on the flag of your Lord, we are able to infer your glories. You have incarnated as Sankarshana among the four Vyuha Murthys of Sriman Narayana , which are Vasudeva, Sankarshana, Pradhumna and , Aniruddha. You have divided yourself into five forms-- Satyar, Suparnar,Garudar, Taarkshyar and Vihageswarar-- and matched those five forms with the five Vayus(Praanan, Apaanan, Samaanan,Udaanan and Vyaanan) and shine thereafter as a supreme Devan. O Lord with the most exquisitely beautiful golden Wings! There is none , who is equal to you.I offer my salutations to you first and then again repeat my salutations. V.Sadagopan P.S: the remaining Paadas& the rest of the Dhandakam will be covered in the next posting.