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Dhivya Desam of naimisArNyam : Part II

From: Sadagopan (
Date: Sat Nov 11 2000 - 17:19:51 PST

Dear BhakthAs :

The ten paasurams of Thirumangai on the EmperumAn of
NaimisAraNyam are the distilled essence of his feelings of
NirvEdham .This mind set is assoicated with despondency ,
disgust over wasted time chasing after ephemeral sensory 
pleasures instead of the lasting aanandham of Bhagavadh-
anubhavam leading to Moksha Sukham via praptthi or Bhakthi
Yogam routes.

The Bhakthan experiencing nirvEdham disparages himself 
or herself over lost time and seeks the Lord's grace .
The experience of NirvEdham leads to the next stage , 
ShAnthi .NirvEdham is recognized as one of 
the 33 subordinate feeling states in Bhagavath anubhavam.
Unless one has true nirvEdham , there is no prospect 
of climbing further on the spiritual ladder .

Swamy Desikan's PaadhukA Sahasram as a Context for NirvEdham

There are 32 paddhathis (chapters ) in Swamy Desikan's
master piece composed in one small portion of a night
at Srirangam to pay homage to the dhivya Mani Paadhukais
of Sri RanganAthA (viz)., Swamy NammAzhwAr.

The 31st chapter of PaadhukA Sahasram is a clear 
echo of NirvEdham that Kaliyan experienced 
at NaimisAraNyam and Swamy NammAzhwAr articulated 
in the many sections of his ThiruvAimozhi regarcing
his SamsAra Bheethi. 

After composing and presenting these 20 slOkmas 
capturing his mood of NirvEdham ,Swamy Desikan 
gets immense Saanthi and goes onto describe 
the Phalan (fruits ) of his salutations of
the Lord's Paadhukais with immense tranquility
(Shaanthi) and Joy. 

AdiyEn will highlight some of the phrases used by 
Swamy NammAzhwAr , Madhura Kavi AzhwAr in the paasurams 
linked with their nirvEdhams and compliment them
with Swamy Desikan's experience of nirvEdham .
The common point in all their statements is 
their disgust with SamsAric experiences resulting
from the power of the five Indriyams .Their prayer 
is to receive the protection of the Lord to cross 
the ocean of SamsAram and reach the otherside .
Sarva rakshaka EmperumAn hears that Aaartha Naadham 
of His BahkthAs and rushes to the rescue of His Bhakthan.

A. Selected Examples of Swamy NammAzhwAr's NirvEdha Paasurams:

1. uNNinilAviya eiyvarAl kumai theeRRi--Thiruvaimozhi:7.1

2. Mayak-kootthA VanmanA --Thiruvaimozhi: 8.2

B. Madhura Kavi AzwAr's nirvEdham :

   nambinEn piRar nann poruL tannayum
   nambinEn madavAraiyum munnaleAm -- 

C. Kaliyan's NirvEdham :

1. VaadinEn Vaadi VarunthinEn --Periya Thirumozhi: 1.1

2. VaaNilA muRuval siRunuthal perum ThOL--  "  ---- 1.6 

D. Swamy Desikan's nirvEdham:

1.  " Maathar Mukundha karuNAmapi nihnuvAnAth
    kim vaa param kimapi kilbhishathO madhIyAth "
    NirvEdha Paddhathi:31.6

(meaning): Oh Mother PaadhukE ! Your Lord's name
is Mukundhan or the One who grants Bhogam and Moksham.
He is the embodiment of KaruNai.Even His limitless 
DayA is hidden by my paapams , which have no match. 
( Here Swamy Desikan hints that it is only the krupai
of the Lord's Paadhukai , Swamy NammAzhwAr , alone
can come to his help. 

2. dowArika dhvirasana prabhalAntharAyair-
   dhUyE Padhaavani! dhurADya bhila pravEsai:
   NirvEdha paddhathi: 31.9
(meaning): adiyEn is saddened over my repeated
acts of entering the house of the evil rich ,
whose gates are protected by servants known for their
harsh behavior. Because of my suffering from unbearable
poverty , adiyEn  entered those houses and suffered 
a lot.

3. "VyAmuhayathAm --pumarthE " NirvEdha paddhati: 31.10

(meaning ): Due to the power of ancient karmaas , adiyEn 
is bound by the three guNams (Sathvam, Rajas , Tamas)
and am distracted from the true purushArtham; adiyEn
gets deluded and suffers immnesely by chasing after 
things to please my wife, children and other samsAric
entities . There is no sukham resulting from these 
tiring chases. The SamsAra Ruchi lasts from PrArabdha
karma visEsham , which acts as Bhagavath anubhava 
VirOdhi (enemy to the enjoyment of the Lord and 
seeking Him as UpAyam and recognizing Him UpEyam ).

4. acchEdhyayA --krupayA SanATA --NirvEdha Paddhathi: 31.11

(meaning ): We are caught up in the net of SamsAram
through our 'unbreakable " bonds with our children,
wives , property and suffer immensely.We do not
recognize that the SamsAric bonds can only enhance
our sorrows and sufferings and yet we keep on enduring 
them .We do not seek the exit route (nivrutthi
maargam )away from these sufferings and keep
ourselves deeply involvd in the pravrutthi 
maargam (SamsAric way). 

Our AzhwArs and AchAryALs expressed their NirvEdham
not because they were caught up in the net of SamsAram ,
but to symbolize our way of life and to help us follow
the path of Nivrutthi maargam thru the practise of
prapatthi or Bhakthi yOgam to attain parama purushArtham.

In the concluding posting , adiyEn will summarize the meanings
of the ten paasurams of Thirumangai mannan on NaimisAraNya
dhivya dEsam.

Srimath Azhagiya Singhar ThiruvadigaLE SaraNam ,
RaamAnuja Daasan ,Oppiliappn Koil V.SatakOpan        


           - SrImate rAmAnujAya namaH -
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