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thoo nilA muRRam - part 9 - KumbakONam

From: Sampath Rengarajan (
Date: Sun May 30 1999 - 12:38:33 PDT

thoo nilA muRRam - part 9  - KumbakONam

Dear bAgawathAs,

	Many millions  of  years  ago,  it  was  the  time  for the
praLayam in  the  cyclic  kalpam. Lord Sriman nArAyaNA ordered Lord
Sri brahma to do certain kainkaryams. One of the most important was
that Lord BrahmA  should first  make a pot  using the wet sand from
thiru chERai. The wet sand was first mixed with  amirtham  and  the
raw sand was made into a pasty form. Using this  mixture,  Lord Sri
BrahamA  was  asked  to  creat a  pot. The pot was molded  thus Sri
BrahmA. Sri brahmA was asked to fill in some  portions of  the  pot
with  the  amirtham itself.

	The "gene" that is the cause  for all creations was kept in
the centre. All the vEdas were kept surrounding this gene. This pot
was closed tightly. This most precious pot was kept on top  of  the
"hub" of the entire universe namely the "mEru parvatham". It was on
the "ucchi" or on top most  point  of  mEru  parvatham. Then, after
several years praLayam took place.  The  great floods was  covering
the entire universe  and was consuming anything that was seen or on
its path. The mEru itself  submerged  and  the  holy pot started to
float. The holy pot didnot  get  affected in  anyway  due  to  this
praLaya veLLam. The holy pot  or  kudam  slowly drifted and drifted
and it reached the  chOla  dEsam.  As the floods  receded after the
praLayam the kudam or the pot descended down  into  the  poRRamaRai

	After many years when dEvAs pleaded to Sri ArA amuthan  the
amirtha  kudam  revealed itself by oozing out through its nose. The
outflow of amitham was in such awy that the whole univesre was wet,
due  to  this  overflowing  of amirtham from poRRAmaRai tank. Since
this "kumbam" oozed  out  amirtham through its nose, in sanskrit it
is known as kumba kOanm (*) and in tamil   it   is  known  as "kuda
mookku" or kudanthai. It is presended in the kumbakOana mahAthmiyam
as follows.

"kumbasya koNathO yasmin soothApooram vinisrutham
thasmAtthu thath patham lOkE kumbakOnam vathanthihi"
	12th chapter, 1st slokam.

	This core part of the city  is  now  close  to  atleast  an
approximate area of 8 square miles.

Sri  kOmaLa  vaLLi  thAyAr  samEtha  Sri ArA amudhan  thiruvadikaLE
Sampath Rengarajan
(*) - In 60's when there  was an movement against use of  all hindi letters  in tamilnadu state and caste names as well. The names that were written hindi letters in all the  public  places  and  railway stations were darakened with a black coat as mark of protest.  Ever since many   sanskrit or vada mozhi names  were  changed  to  tamil  equivalent.

Howvever, for some reason  even untill  today  this name kumbakonam
is being considered as a tamil  equivalent not as sanskrit original.
Hence this name is still the name of this city. However, many tamil
magazines and newpapers address this city  as "kudanthai"  in  pure
tamil. Pure tamil  form  of kumbakonam as  considered by many tamil
scholars is "kuda mookku".


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