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From: V. Sadagopan (75041.3037_at_CompuServe.COM)
Date: Sat May 17 1997 - 06:01:04 PDT
Dear Professor Vasudha Narayanan and Fellow Members of the Prapatthi /Bhakthi group : Here is the companion posting dealing with the details on the seven LOkams . Canto II.1.26-32 : Dhyanam of Parama PurushA First the PurushA of Purusha Sooktham described in all the four VedAs is meditated upon . Then this Lord with thousands of heads , legs and arms is visualized with the PatALA region under His feet that rest on Bhu lokam (this Earth ) ; towards the front and hind parts of His feet are RasAtaLA ; the two ankles are MahAtalA ; the two legs are TalAtalA ; the two thighs are SutalA ; the upper and lower parts of the thighs are VitalA and AtalA ; the MahitalA is His hip and His navel is the sky ; His breast is Suvar lokA ( the abode of celestials ) ; the neck is mahar lokA ; His face is Jana lokA ; the forehead is TapOlokA ; His head is Satya LokA . The 14 LokAs are accounted for this way. The verses continue to describe IndrA and the DevAs as His arms , the Sun as His organ of Vision , the night and day as His eyelids , BrahmA as His eye brows , The VedAs as His temples , His mAyA as His enchanting smile etc . Cosmic conception is what is intended here . Canto XI .24 : Sankhya Yogam and its fruits (Chapter of Srimadh Vhagavatham ) Here the Lord describes to His dear disciple UddhavA the secrets of Sankhya Yogam . He starts with a description of the concepts of Prakrithi , the three GuNAs , Mahath TattvA , AhamkArA ( VaikarikA , TaijasA and TaamasA ) , TanmAtrA and the creation of the Cosmic egg from their combinations and His origin out of that cosmic egg as "His best resting place ". Then He refers to the sprouting of the Lotus from His navel inside the ccosmic egg and the birth of BrahmA and the empowerment of BrahmA to create the worlds and their beings . The actual quotations are as follows : " By dint of hard austerities and through My favour , BrahmA created the LokAs along with LokapAlAs and three regions , namely , Bhuh , Bhuvar and Suvar . The Suvar Lokam became the abode of the DevAs , the Bhuvar lokam of the beings( demi-Gods ) and the Bhuh that of mortals . The Mahar Lokam and others became the abode of the SiddhAs et al . The Lord/BrahmA created the abode of the NagAs and AsurAs beneath the region of the Earth . All the actions identical with three-fold qualities , have their course in the three worlds . Yoga , asceticism and withdrawal from the world have for their pure destination , the LokAs of Mahar , Jana , TapO and Satya . Bhakthi Yoga leads one to Me in VaikuntA . By Me , who am the ordainer of all and identical with Time , this universe along with actions is once being raised up and down , drowned in the stream of qualities . The small , great , subtle and gross , all the objects that exist are permeated both by Prakrithi and PurushA . That which is the source or end of a thing is also its middle and so that it is SATH . --If there is any material cause of an object , the first cause is the real one . That which exists in the beginning or end of an object is designated as Eternal . Prakrithi is the material of the Universe , which is evolved as effects. PurushA is the container . KaalA (Time ) is the displayer . I am identical with BrahmA and am the three ( The Cause , Container and the Displayer ). As long as the will of the Creator exists , so long is the preservation (of the creation ) ; and till it ends, the work of creation is carried on from one generation to another for the enjoyment of the creatures . The universe permeated by Me --is worthy of being disssolved into five elements , when I intend to withdraw the worlds into Me." Swami Desikan in defense of VisishtAdvaitha Vedantha and Bhagavad RaamAnuja Darsanam has addrssed the deficiencies of the SankhyA system in his TattvamukhthaakalApa and the companion commentary , Sarvartha Siddhi . He concludes defending the Sarira-Saareeri relationship between the Brahman and the Universe and the philosophy of life it embodies. For those interested in following up onSarvartha Siddhi of Swami Desikan, I recommend the masterly doctoral dissertation of the Late Dr. V.N.Seshadri Acharya , my distinguished neighbor at Oppiliappan Sannidhi . He was a Professor of Sanskrit at Annamalai UNiversity , Tamil Naadu . This book has been released by Sri VishitAdvaitha Research Center of Chennai and is available possibly thru Sri B. Jaganath of Ahobila Mutt , Arlington , Virginia . Subhamasthu , Oppilliappan Koil Varadachari Sadagopan .