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From: Kadambi Srinath (kadambi_at_webtv.net)
Date: Mon Mar 29 1999 - 19:50:56 PST
Sri vEnkateso vijayate Srimathe rAmAnujAya namah: adiyEn rAmAnuja dAsan Sriman mani raised a very good question about pAncarAtra sri rAmanavami. Before I answer this question I would request that my efforts are just go through the facts and not to refute any tradition. Generally all festivals will be celebrated according to the pancAnga which we follow.According to Lunar calendar(cAndramAna) rAmanavami is celebrated a month before sri pAncarAtra sri rAmanavami.Let me give you some of the Agamic refereces.pAdma samhita,viSnutilakasamhita,sATvata samhita and other samhitas stat that: chaitre mAsi punarvaso: janma rAmasya mangalam titHou navamyAm lagneca kuLIrE kamalAsana (pAdma samhita) auspicius birth of rAma is on the day of chaitra(is it lunar or solar ?),punarvasu star,navami tithi in shukla paksha and in karkataka lagna(cancer ascendant).Here we have to consider all together.This cannot be poossible according to lunar calendar which is already celebrated.The other samhitas of pAncarAtra speaks same above.The temples in Andhra pradesh and Karnataka where pAncarAtra is stricly followed,already celebrated SrirAmanavami,why? The second reference what vAlmiki bhagavan speaks about rAma's birth: tatascha dwAdase mAse chaitrE nAvamike tithou nakstre aditi daivatye svocca samsthEshu pancasu grahEshu karkate lagne vAkpatA indunA saha prOdyamAne jagannAtham sarvalOka namaskritam chaitra shukla navami punarvasu and karkataka lagna are common.The special reference is while five plannet were exhaulted (sun,mars saturn venus and jupitor).Sun is exhaulted in Aries.That can be possible only after April 14 i.e. soura samvatsarAdi.Hence it is clear from the above lines, it should be chaitra and sun should be in Aries(Mesha).Is it possible? Yes,it is.Once in four years when adhika masa comes according to lunar calendar both chandramana,souramana rAmanavami comes together. Let us go to another reference Generally, the vratas and jayanti will be decided as it is directed by DharmasAstras.Nirnayasindhu is one of the authentic dharma sAstra Text.Let us see what it speaks about rAmanavami: chaitrE navamyAm prAkpakshE divApunyE punarvasou udayE gurugourAsvO *svocchasthe graha panchake *meshEpushani samprApte lagne karkatakAhvaye AvirAsit sa kalayA kousalyAyAm parah: pumAn. In the above stanza * to be noted. It clearly states that while sun (pUsha) is in Mesha(Aries).Hence it should be after Apr 14 th. One more interesting thing is : karkataka lagna is common in all references.Noon karkataka lagna is possible only after Apr 14 th. To consolidate, from above facts it seems rAmanavami is celebrated taking either of the facts,but not all together.But the other common fact is to be keely observed i.e. sun should be in Aries& noon should be karkataka lgna. Since pAncarAtra Agama clearly follows all above facts,it is beleived that pAncarAtra Sri rAmanavami is in next month i.e. after sun's transitory into Aries.My intention is not to hurt any tradition and my request is to consider all the facts with regard to the birth of SrirAma. Please enjoy one more rAmanvami,i.e. on Apr 24. adiyEn rAmAnuja dasan, kadambi srinathacharya.