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From: Sadagopan (sgopan_at_computer.net)
Date: Thu Mar 25 1999 - 20:13:40 PST
Dear BhakthAs : Today is Sri Rama Navami. As the great poet Kamban described , "vEy Punarpoosamum viNNuLOrkaLum thooya kaRkatakamum yezhunthu thuLLavE oru pahal ulaku yelAm udaratthuLL pothinthu aru maRaikku uNarvu arum avanai anji karu mukiR kozhundhu yezhil kaattum sOthiyai thiRa uEap PAYANTHANAL thiRam koLL KOSALAI (meaning ): In AyodhyA , the Punarvasu nakshthram kown otherwise as vEy and the KaDaka Lagnam eulogized by the DevAs for its sanctity jumped with joy over the thought of the SoubhAgyam that was going to come their way . Then Queen KousalyA of auspicious attributes gave birth to SarvEsvaran ( who held all the universe inside His stomach, who is not fully understood even by the great VedAs , who had the anjana mEni with the effulgence of the dark blue rainy cloud) so that the inhabitants of this world can gain all the wealth in this world and the other . Next Bharathan was born as the son of Queen Kaikeyi during Meena lagnam and Poosa Nakshathram . Queen Sumithrai gave birth to Lakshmanan as the first of the twins soon after ; at that time , Ayila Nakshathram and KaDaka lagnam were in unison .After LakshmaNan's birth , Queen Sumithrai gave birth to another male child known as Satrugnan at the point in time , when Maga Nakshathram and Simha Raasi were united .Rest is history that has been sung by Adhi Kavi Valmiki Maharishi and his kali yuga avathAram , Saint ThyagaraajA . We will continue with the story of RaamAyaNA celebrated by Saint ThyagarAjA and the most madhura naamAs , which the Saint used to salute Sri Raamaa as he went around the streets of ThiruvayyARu during his unchivritthi and the krithis that he placed at the feet of the Lord as NaamArchanams . We will highlight the Hari KaambhOji janya Raaga krithis breifly and include in this posting the selected fragrant names that the Saint chose to perform nithyAradhanam to Sri SithA LakshmaNa Bharatha Satrugna Hanumath SamEtha Sri Raamachandran . THE REMAINING HARI KAAMBHOJI JANYA RAAGA KRITHIS ************************************************* 08.Kedaaragoulaa ( karuNA jaladhi Daasarathi kalyANa suguNa nidhi ) In this krithi , the Saint addresses the Lord as the Ocean of Compassion and sharply questions the Lord for being indifferent to him .Our sadhguru asks in despair : " ParAthpara ! Taaraka nAma ! You will not lose Your patrimony , if you decide to show Your DayA to me .My mind is getting agitated over Your indiffernce .I can not bear it .Please show mercy ". 09.KarnAtaka BehAg (nEnandhu vEdakudurA Sri Hari) This krithi is in a mood of naicyaanusandhAnam. He asks the Lord : " Sri Hari ! Where can I search for You now that You have hidden Yourself from me ? I have been a sinner and have been performing wicked deeds and have pretended to be a great BhakthA . I am suffering now . Where can I find You ?". 10.Kokhiladhvani ( koniyAte naayeta Daya velagu) This krithi is in the mood of anger and rightful indignation.Our sadhguru asks the Lord to explain why He is bargaining with him as if he has not been totally devoted to eulogising the Lord and singing about Him ceaselessly . He reminds the Lord that it is not just , since the Lord is aware that ThyagarAjA has not sought any religion or paths other than Him and Him ( Sri Raaman ) alone . 11.PrathApa VarALi ( VinanAsakoni) This krithi records our Sadhguru's longing to be near the Lord and hear the madhura sambhAshaNai between the Lord and SitA pirAtti .The bard says: Oh Lord ! When You and Your dear consort were playing indoor games such as chathurangam , both of You were engaged in sweet conversations with mutual understanding of each other's mind as Yeka sEshi dampathis. AnjanEyA and BharathA were fortunate to hear that conversation . I would also like to feast my ears with that loving conversation . Please bless me also to hear it . 12.ChenchukAmbhOji( VararAga layaj~nulu ) Here the bard and BhakthA confides to the Lord that self-satisfied people brag and deceive the world by pretending that they are experts in RaagA , layam , SvarasthAnams and subtle mUrchanAs without knowing that Naadham , which emanates from the body is the divine form of the most sacred PraNavam . 13.ChAyAtarangiNi ( Ithara dhaivamuluvalla ilanu soukhyamA Raama ) This is another Krithi expressing the ananya Bhakthi of the Saint of ThiruvaiyyARu. He explains his position to Sri RaamA : " Is it possible to gain happiness through the worship of Gods other than You ? Without rancor towards other faiths , my mind is firmly anchored in You wiht indescribable love . Whether You choose to protect me or abandon me, I have placed my entire trust in You . Please treat me as Yours . This is the appropriate moment . 14.Navaraskannada ( ninnu vinA maa ma dhenthu nilvathE Hari Hari) This krithi reminds us of Thirumangai Mannan's ThirupullANi paasuram : " yellOrum yenn tannai yEsilum pEsidinum , PullANi EmperumAn poy kEttirunthEnE ". In that spirit , the Vaalmiki avatharar says: " Sri Hari ! My mind refuses to dwell on anything other than You . My eyes are fully bewitched by Your soundharyam ; my ears are ringing with Your kathAmrutham ; my tongue and mouth feel blessed only by reciting Your Taaraka nAmam ;Wherever I see, I see only Your beautiful form ; to me , even Your harsh , distasteful and deceitful words have become relishable .Verily , Thou art the phalan of all of my tapas ,DhyAnam and AarAdhanam . 15.NAARAYANI ( RaamA neevE ghAni) In the mood of DhainyOkthi , Sadhguru swaamigaL begs the Lord to cheer him up with the assurances of protection . Who else is there to protect me? Bhaktha BhAgadhEya ! Naaga Sayana! Muni Yaaga Paalana ! SaakEthapura VihAra ! ThAtha vachana Paala ! Sundara- vadhana ! Paavana! Oh Keeper of Your father's promise! Please bless me . There is no one else to protect me ! 16.NAARAYANAgoulaa (kathalE vaadu Raamudu ) Here, the bard is in the rapturous state of arising from the reflection on the limitless mahimai of the Lord .He salutes the Lord as Adhi madhyAntha rahithan , Jagath KaaraNan , Sarva VyApi and the adhi bheejam of the chethanams and achEthanams . He has an answer to the MaayA vaadhins here with the statement that the creation of the Lord is not some thing to be dismissed as Maayaa and this world and its entities arose from the sankalpam of the Lord and are very real . 17.Naatta Kurinji ( Kuvalaya DaLa NayanA ) In this long krithis with eight charaNams set in the mood of amarsha rOsha rOshOkthi , the saint protests to the Lord about His indifference : " I have been deeply in love with You. You wont cast Your glance my way ! What kind of behavior is that ? Have You forgotten me or is it that You are a God devoid of glory as a Bhaktha Rakshakan ?I have been singing constantly that You are the supreme among Gods . I have totally renounced the temptations of the world . If You do not have daya for me , wont You earn a bad name that You are not a SaraNAgatha rakshakan ? Give me wisdom and stand by me and accept my worship . 18.Bangalaa ( SaakshilE tanuthsu SaadhimpakE ) This is another krithi protesting the Lord's neglect. Here the sage of ThiruvaiyAARu takes the Lord to task: " Oh my dear One ! They say that You declared that You will protect without fail all those , who sought refuge in You . Please do not try to say that there was no human witness to the above statement of Yours referring to Your SaraNAgatha RakshaNa vratham .If You do so ,the people of the world will laugh at You . Saakshi lEdhanuchu saadhimpakE , Sathyasantha Sadhbhaktha paalaka ! " Only the great BhakthAs can get away with the Lord thru such protestations questioning His veracity. 19.YadhukulakAmbhOji( daya sevayyaa sadhaya RaamachandrA ) SitA Svayamvaram and the Lord claiming Her hand by winning the contest of chording the Siva Dhanus is the subject of this krithi in a mood of Tanmayathvam. The saint visulaizes himself as the Naayaki of the Lord and asks the Lord : " Assure me my Lord , Your grace and a small portion of joy , SitA Devi had , when You arrived at the svayamvara mantapam and chased away Her worries by bending and breaking the mighty bow of Sivaa . Vouchsafe to ThyagarAja Naayaki the protection that You gave to SitA DEvi by tying the Maangalya sUthram around her neck after winning Her hand in the contest ". 20.RavichandrikA (Niravdhi sukhadha nirmala roopa ) This whole krithi seeking the rakshaNam of the Lord is full of moving naamArchanai. " Niravathi sukhadha ( One who confers limitless bliss! ),niramla rUpa! , maragatha MaNi nipa dEha !( One who has the tejas like an eamerald gem ), Sri MaNi lOla , Sritha jana Paala ! bheema ParAkrama! ThyagarAja Vinutha ! maamava ".Simple padhams and elegant mood of Bhakthi are housed here . 21.Raagapanjaram ( VaradhA navanIthAsA paahi) This krithi in the UpAnga Raagam of Raaga Panjaram is another example of lilting chandhams . This is addressed to the boon-granting ,navanItha priyan, KrishNan . His invocation to the varadhan to appear before him (yEhi) is filled with Bhakthi .DhAnava Madha naasA yEhi (Oh Lord who quells the pride of asurAs ! please come before me ! ). Oh Lord with the majestic gait of an elephant in rut ! please appear before me ! Suma Saradha ! Aasaa rahitha ! Kara dhAsana! yEhi ! Paahi ! What a splendidly phrased invitation ! 22.SahAnA ( dEhi tava padha bhakthim VaidEhi pathitha paavani) This is a prayer to SitA pirAtti to bless him with parama bhakthi for Her blessed feet . Oh Divine Consort of RaamA ! The entire universe is Your form .You are the cause of my good fortune. You protect those who seek refuge in You . Oh Devi ! You have permanent residence in the heart lotus of ThyagarAjA ! 23.Sarasvathi ManOhari ( yenthavEdukOntu Raagava bhantha mElarA ) This is a krithi asserting the Saint's MahA VisvAsam in the Lord as his protector. " Chala nammithini , Saaravabhouma " are the words of the Bhakthan . Believing with joy that the greatest bliss consists of finding You in my heart lotus , I have reposed my total faith and trust in YOU . Please do not tarry to come to me ! How long should I pray to You to appear before me ? 24.SaamA (santhamu leka soukayamu lEthu) The flute genius late T.R.Mahaalingam renderd this beautiful krithi in 1987 in the most moving manner. The saint advises us in this krithi : " Without tranquility , there is no happiness for anyone , whether he is a Vedantin , who has controlled his senses.Without quietitude , there is no happiness for one even if he has a lovely family , huge estate , rich tapas , Veda-Saasthra paandithyam or Bhagavatha reputation . 25.Suddha SaavEri ( KaalharaNamElarA HarE Sri SeethArAmA ) In this emotion-soaked krithi ,the Saint asks SitA Raaman the reason for His delay in blessing him .He says: " Oh Lord known as the embodiment of ThyAgam ! Who else is there to save me ? I have wandered day in and day out and finding refuge nowhere , I have sought Your sacred feet and performed Prapatthi . I have sought and held Your holy feet from my very birth . KaalharaNamElarA ? HarE ! SithA RaamA ! Suguna jaala ! karuNAlavAla ! ". 26.SupOshiNi ( raminthsuvArevurA RaghUtthama ninu vinA ) This krithi is in celebration of the Naama MahAthmyam of the Lord . Here the bard confesses : Oh RaghUttamA ! Who else is there among the beings of this Universe, who can transport one to the height of bliss except You ? Even the rsplendent DevAs do not comprehend the secret significance of Your holy name , nor secure the Isvaryam of bliss arising from the recitation of Your Taaraka Naamam . 27.Surati( GeethArthamu SangIthAnandhamu) This krithi is in the form of a conversation with his mind. The Saint states : Oh My foolish mind ! Behold ! here in Raama NaamA , You have the full significance of the Bhagavadh GitA ( VedAnthA ) and the nectarine bliss of Music .This secret is well known to HanumAn, who constantly worships the holy feet of SitApathi , the antharyAmi of SivA , Sun , Time et al ." 28.SvaravarALi ( PrArabhdhamitlunDukA ) This is a krithi dealing with the mood of NirvEdham . ThyagarAja SwamigaL blames his past karmAs interfering with the acquisition of the Lord's grace and states that there is no point in blaming others . He continues : " Those whom I help do me harm. When I show mercy to others , they level unfounded charges aainst me. Fickle-minded people who put on the garb of BhakthAs become my enemies ". NirvEdham is essential before one can climb the ladder of Bhakthi towards the goal of Prapatthi and gaining the fruit of Moksham thereafter by conducting the true life of a PrapannA . Swami Desikan has set a whole chapter full of Nirvedham in PaadhukhA Sahasram to emphasize this cardinal point . On this Sri Raam aNavami day , it is my parama bhAgyam to place at the lotus feet of Janaki Vallabhan these thoughts celebrating the glory of His Parama BhakthA, Saint ThyagarAja SwamigaL. Raama , Raama , Raama . Daasan , VaradAchAri SadagOpan Subhamasthu. Saanthrasthu .