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Padhuka Sahasram-400
Date: Mon Jun 18 2001 - 12:20:25 PDT


SrimatE Gopaladesika MahadesikAya Namaha,

Translation by U.Ve. Dr. V.N. Vedanta Desikan Swamin:

400. antharnyasthaIrmaNiBhirudhitham pAdhukE! rangabanDhoU
     mandham mandham nihithacharaNE manjuLam thE ninAdham
     pashyanthyAdhikramapariNathE: prAkthnIm thAm parAyA:
     manyE mithrAvaruNaviShayAdhuccharanthImavasThAm

Oh Paaduka! When the Lord gently sets His Feet on You, to start with, 
the sound that is generated by the gemstones, may be likened to the 
first stage, called 'Paraa', as the sound emanates from the navel 
region-with the presidind devas being Mitra and Varuna-of a person.

Namo Narayana,

SriMuralidhara Dasan

Special Notes from V.Satakopan (V.S):

Slokma 400:

(1)Sri Utthamur Swamy's anubhavam: Here, Swamy Desikan describes 
the almost inaudible Naadham made by the Paadhukai as RanganAthA 
adorns it and makes His first step on getting up from His bed of 
AdhisEshA in the morning . The gems housed inside the toe holds of 
the Paadhukai get shaken up gently then and produce a low sound. As 
RanganAthA takes the next three steps , His lotus feet are firmly 
inside the Paadhukai and as a result , the volume of the Naadham from 
the Paadhukai increases. Swamy Desikan describes the progressive 
growth of the Naadham generated by RanganAthA's movement in this 
verse  and compares that phenomenon to the generation of sound by the 
human body  in four steps known as ParA , Pasyanthi, MadhyamA and 
Vaikari .

The first stage of sound arising from the navel , when one attempts 
to speak is known as ParA. When that sound wave reaches the heart 
center , the level of sound gets a little louder And is known as 
pasyanthi. When that sound wave ascends and reaches the area between 
the heart and the vocal chords , it gets louder by another
dimension and has been classified as MadhyamA . Finally, when the 
sound wave reaches the vocal chords and comes out of the mouth in an 
audible fashion,it is loud and is called Vaikari .  The first three 
stages are not audible to the human ear and yet they get 
progressively louder from the first to the fourth stage. Each
stage of speech  is assisted by one of the five life-winds going up 
an down the body such as prANa, apAna  , UdhAna et al. Swamy Desikan 
compares astutely the steadily increasing volume of Naadham from the 
Paadhkai  as  Lord RanganAthA takes His first four steps and links 
them to the stages of speech generated inside the human body 
controlled by the life-winds.

(2)Srimath Andavan's anubhavam: When AzhwAr begins the enjoyment
of PerumAl's Paadha sparsam  (first step ), the Naadham is low. As 
AzhwAr's enjoyment increases, the level of the delectable Naadham 
gets progressively louder. 

(3)Swamy Desikan decribes a progressive scene here as the gems inside
the toe holds of paadhukai raise a ramped-up Naadham as the Lord takes
His first four steps . First the lord places His feet ever so gently 
inside The paadhukai and takes His first step ( mandham mandham 
nihitha charaNE sathi , antha: nyasthai: maNibhi: udhitham manjuLam 
ninAdham ). As He takes the next Successive steps(Krama pariNamam) , 
the naadham gets louder from Sookshma state (discrete state) to more 
distinct states as in the case of human voice generation
and propagation that takes place in four progressive steps (V.S).

           - SrImate rAmAnujAya namaH -
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