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From: Venkat Nagarajan (NAGARAVE_at_fin.gov.on.ca)
Date: Fri Jul 16 1999 - 08:07:49 PDT
Dear bhagavats, I am submitting the following because we need to clear on the nature of desires. This is relevant to the discussion we have been having about pursuit of wealth. Directly Quoting: Any mistakes are my typing errors. Source: (Fundamentals of Vis'istAdvaita by Sri. S.M.S. Chari) Karmas are classified into pravrtta and nirvrtta. pravrtta karma are those which are performed for the attainment of some desired results either in this world or higher realms. The nivrtta karma is that which is performed without any desire for results but purely for the purpose of moksha. In this context a question is raised whether the karmas which are observed as auxiliaries to upAsanA for the purpose of moksa could be strictly considered niskAma since they are done with desire (kAmanA) for moksa. Vedanta Des'ika points out that there is no room for the above objection if we understand correctly the implication of words pravrtta and nivrtta. The nivrrtta karmas are those which are helpful to overcome the fear of being caught up in bondage. The pravrtta karmas are those whose observance will lead one towards bondage and cause further bondage. Moksa is the supreme goal of life, if one desires it, it does not become a kAmanA, that is something to be achieved for selfish purposes. Moksa-kAmanA is not KamanA as understood in the ordinary sense of the term. It is a desire directed towards the removal of bondage and is to be sought for as the ultimate goal of life. End of Quoting! The reason I wrote this: I often here people say nitya karmas are commandments of God, but they fail to point out that these commandments are given out of compassion, by Brahman, the true well wisher, for the mumuksu, who is desirous of moksha. Further, to point out the desire for moksha is not like other desires! A good question for discussion is: what does moksha entail? Since this is what a mumuksu desires for. We should be clear on what it is we are in pursuit of, or else the conviction will not develop!