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From: Bharadwaj, Jaganath (jbb0_at_nreca.org)
Date: Fri Jul 17 1998 - 14:56:00 PDT
In the fourth chapter, Sri Krishna explained how at the beginning of the manvantara (there are 14 manvantaras in one day of Brahma. There are also 1,000 yugas during one day of Brahma. On manvantara roughly lasts for about 308.5 million years. Srila Prabhupada's Bhagavad Gita as it is gives the time of the Geeta being taught by Sri Krishna to the Sun god at 120.4 million years ago.), He taught the concept of Karma Yoga for the spiritual upliftment of all fallen souls. By emphasizing the fact that He explained Karma Yoga, Sri Krishna underscores its superiority. By stating that Jnaana Yoga is contained within Karma Yoga, Sri Krsihna shows that Karma Yoga itself is a form of Jnaana Yoga. The nature of Karma Yoga is knowledge. Jnaana Yoga is the principal yoga among the various sub divisions of Karma Yoga. Incidentally, the secret behind Sriman Naaraayana's incarnations are stated. This is the essence of the fourth chapter of Srimad Bhagavad Geeta. Sri Krishna: "Oh Arjuna! Don't think that I taught you Karma Yoga to instigate you to fight the war and to get you motivated. I taught Karma Yoga as a means to liberation for all living entities drowning in the ocean of nescience within the material world. Surya taught this to Manu and Manu to Ikshvaaku. Learning this Karma Yoga as a part of family tradition, it was mastered by Raajarshis like Ashwapti, Janaka and Ambarisha. For various reasons, the understanding of this Yoga was lost. Since you are devoted to Me and surrendered to Me, I am teaching you this science of Karma Yoga complete with all its components and accessories. At this point there is no one other than Myself, with a complete understanding of this Yoga, or with the ability to teach it. Therefore, it has become a well preserved secret within the realms of the Upanishads incapable of being expressed by the written word." Arjuna: "You and I are contemporaries. Surya was born prior to the current cycle of four yugas. How am I to mentally accept your statement that You taught this to Surya at the beginning of the manvantara?" Sri Krishna: "Paartha! Are you implying that in your mind, an individual is capable of having only one life?" Arjuna: "I was not thinking like that." Sri Krishna: "Then are you saying that since you do not remember what you have learnt in previous lifetimes, it is difficult for you to accept the fact that I remember what I taught in prior lifetimes?" Arjuna: "Oh Paramapurusha! I am well aware of the fact that great souls like Jada Bharata remembered events from previous lives." Sri Krishna: "Dhananjaya! Are you wondering how this Son of Vasudeva can remember everything that happened 120 million years ago, during this lifetime?" Arjuna: "Hrishikesa! Great souls are known to talk about events that took place way before their lifetime. I am well aware of the fact that You are all knowing and a silent witness to all events taking place everywhere. Devarishis like Narada, and Maharishis like Asita, Devala and Vyasa have taught the universe that You are the Para Brahman and Adi Kesava (the ancient creators of the primary gods like Brahma and Siva). You Yourself have told me that You are the Lord of all that exists. Therefore, I am well aware that You, Vaasudeva are the Lord of All." Sri Krishna: "Kaunteya! What is the (hidden) implication behind your question?" Arjuna: "Vaasudeva! (1) You as the destroyer of everything loathsome, gets rid of the cycle of birth and death for others. Will You then consent to this appalling process of taking birth in a material body resulting in an endless cycle of birth, death, old age etc? (2) You are Kalyaanaika daanan or the bestower of auspiciousness. What gain is there for a person who is blissful by nature, in taking birth in a material body? (3) You are Sarveshwara or the Lord of all. If there existed a person superior to You, You could then be made to experience birth, death etc subject to that superior person's will. When no such person exists, why would You accept a material body? (4) You are Sarvajnan or Omniscient or One who knows everything that goes on everywhere at all times. Only someone without knowledge of what brings about good and what causes evil can fall into the trap of a material body, because of His limited intelligence. Why will you take birth in this land of ignorance which is shunned by even the gods? (5) Satya Sankalpa! Even a person with the knowledge of discrimination between good and evil, ends up committing evil while intending to do good (literally jumps into slush while thinking that he will land on dry land). The same cannot be said about You, since what You Will is the truth, and whatever You Will, that gets done. It cannot even be said that You incarnate to protect the world. You are perfectly capable of achieving that by Your mere Will. (6) You are the fulfillment of all desires. You are the possessor of all auspiciousness. You have nothing to gain by incarnating here. Why did You show up as the Son of Vasudeva? This is the purport of my question." Sri Krishna: "Arjuna! Is My birth true, or did I conjure up this body? Is this your first question?" Arjuna: "Yes." Sri Krishna: "Arjuna! Both You and I have gone through many, many births before. I remember them all, both yours and Mine. You do not remember them. Paartha! Just as your consider all your births to be true, My births are equally true." Arjuna: "Kanna! What is the nature of these births? Is it separate from Your nature or combined with Your nature? Is Your body material or spiritual? What is the reason for Your taking births?" Sri Krishna: "I am One who is not subject to birth or destruction. I, who am the Lord of all living entities and non living substance, take birth by My own will, in My transcendental nature. In other words, My body is not made up of the combination of material elements of sattva, rajas and tamas, as is everything else in this world. I descend in My hold and auspicious form made up of pure Sattva guna by My own free Will." Arjuna: "When do You take birth?" Sri Krishna: "Bharata! There are no time restrictions for My incarnation. In any age (yuga), when there is a decay in the rites to be practiced by the four castes and the four stages (ashramas) within a person life in each caste; when there is a rise in the practice of irreligious activities among the population; at that time, I incarnate Myself." Arjuna: "Kanna! Why do You incarnate?" Sri Krishna: "Arjuna! I protect those pious souls who are devoted to Me. I destroy evil creatures. Besides this, in order to re-establish the highest principles of life, I incarnate age after age." Arjuna: "Vaasudeva! All my doubts have been cleared. Is there any benefit to understanding the real (hidden) truth about Your incarnations?" Sri Krishna: "Arjuna! That person who, while meditating on Me, considers My incarnations to be wondrous; My pastimes to be transcendental or extraordinary beyond anything that can be conceived upon in the material world; he is relieved of all sins. When he gives up this body, he reaches me without taking birth in another material body." Arjuna: "Kesava! Are there those that meditate upon the secret of Your incarnation?" Sri Krishna: "Oh son of Kunti! There are many pure souls, who by performing the austerity of meditating upon My incarnations, have been relieved of the sins which stand in the way of their liberation. These people have sought MY protection and have attained to My (spiritual) nature." Arjuna: "Oh Kannabiran! You, who has no birth, incarnate and bless those who seek Your protection! Oh how easy it is to obtain Your mercy (literally what saulabhyam)!" Sri Ranganatha temple desperately needs YOUR SUPPORT at this time. Please tell your friends and write that check! Pennies add up. If we can come up with a combination of pledges, loans, guarantees of $100,000.00, the bank will give the temple a loan of $500,000.00 For the purpose of construction, Each penny you contribute now will multiply 5 times. For those residing in America, this will be the divya kshetram that we can reach with ease, where our Sampradayam can be followed without hesitation. Please circulate this to all of your friends. Sriman Narayana's will reciprocate with a blessing in this world that will be beyond what we can imagine. This has been promised in all the Sastras, for this project has been undertaken under the instructions of the holiest of all souls to have walked on the surface of the earth this century, the Mahaan who built the Raja Gopuram in Srirangam, Srimate Srivan Satakopa Sri Vedanta Desika Yateendra Mahadesikan. Send your tax deductible check to Sri Ranganatha Temple. 117 Demarest Mill Road, West Nyack, NY 10994. or visit http://dileepan.busi.utc.edu/ahboard.html for monthly direct debits from your bank account. adiyen apologizes for the fact that the above address could not be reached during some of adiyen's previous postings. The error has been fixed and the forms can be downloaded now. adiyen jaganath.