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KurEsar's Sri VaradarAja Sthavam: Part X: SlOkam 2 (SrivathsAngAcchAr Swamy's rich commentary)

From: Sadagopan (sgopan_at_computer.net)
Date: Sun Jul 08 2001 - 19:30:02 PDT

Dear Sri VaradarAja BhakthAs:

The second slOkam containing the DEvarAja 
Manthram is:

Srinidhim apAram arTinAm 
arTiTArtha paridhAna DhIkshitham
SarvabhUtha hrudhayam DayAnidhim 
DevarAjam adhirAjam aasrayE 

The prayer here is eight fold :

1. Srinidhim aasrayE
2. Srinidhim DevarAjam aasrayE
3. arTinAm apAram nidhim aasrayE
4. arTithArTa paridhAna dhIkshitham aasrayE
5. SarvabhUtha suhrutham aasrayE
6. DayA nidhim aasraye 
7. AdhirAjam aasrayE
8. DevarAjam aasrayE 

Now, we will summarize the brilliant insights
given by SrivatsAngAcchAr Swamy to these eight fold 
salutations:

1. Srinidhim aasrayE : He is the treasure for
Sri Devi Herself as saluted by Thirumangai in
his Paasuram : "Thruvukkum ThiruvAhiya SelvA "
(Periya Thirumozhi : 7-7-1).

2. Thirumangai is saluting ThErazhundhUr Aaamuriviappan
in the above paasuram , but he has Lord VaradarAjan in
mind. The ThirunAmam after " Thiruvukkum ThiruvAhiya 
SelvA " reveals it . Thirumangai's complete mangaLAsAsanam is:
" Thiruvukkum ThiruvAhiya SelvA ! DhaivatthukkarasE !"
Dhaivam stands for DevAs ." Dhaivatthukku arasu " , 
the emperor of DevAs (DevarAjan ) is none other than 
Kanchi DevapperumAL or ThEpperumAL. KurEsar has this 
Thirumangi paaasuram passage in mind , when he salutes
VararAjan as " Srinidhim DevarAjam ".

3."arTinAm apAram nidhim " : SrivatsAngAcchAr (SVS) Swamy 
cites another Paasuram of Swamy NammAzhwAr ( ThiruvAimozhi: 
6-7-11) in this context . Swamy NammAzhwAr's reference to
ThirukkOLUr PerumAl , " Vaittha Maa nidhiyAm MadhusUdhananai"
has the echo for " apAram Nidhim ". ApAram is Maa Nidhi or
immeasurable/limitless nidhi. For those , who approach 
Lord VararAjan ( arTinAm ) , He is "apAra Nidhi". 

4. arTitha arTa paridhAna DhIkshitham : For those who
seek His anugraham , He grants all that they seek of
Him . As ALavanthAr pointed out in his famous slOkam
that Lord VaradarAjan's profound grace makes a deaf 
one hear, the lame one run and the dumb one speak. 
With Lord Varadhan's grace , DevEndhran regained his 
kingdom ; KubEran became the Lord of wealth ;king
KaarthaveeryArjunan became a mighty emperor; Janaka
MahArAjan gained Moksha Siddhi.He is thus Sakala Phala-
pradhan .He has vowed and has taken the DhIkshai(DhIkshithan)
to grant the many boons requested of Him .He is thus
the arTa pradhAna DhIkshithan.

5. SarvabhUtha Suhrudham aasrayE: KurEsar has 
in mind the GitA SlOkam based on an expansion
of the SvEtaasvatAra Upanishad passage :

" Sarvasya saraNam Suhrudh " ," Suhrudham sarvabhUthAnAm
Jn~AthvA mAm Saanthimrucchiathi" .

6.DayAnidhim aasrayE: The Tamil equivalent for DayAnidhi 
is "PEraruLALap PerumAL ". Swamy NammazhwAr salutes
Him as " AruLAzhi ammAnaik KaNDakkAl " ( TVM: 1-4-6).
Kaliyan refers to this DayA Nidhi in his PTM :9.5.10:
" ThirumAmaLaip PeRRum yenn nenjaham kOil koNDa 
PeraruLALan ". 

Swamy Desikan refers to all these naamams in his
Hasthigiri MahAthmyam , when he addresses the poets:

"vanmin ! Pulaveer ! AruLALap PerumAL yenRum , 
 AruLAzhi AmmAn yenRum , ThirumAmahaLaip PeRRum
 yen nenjakam koil koNDa peraruLALan yenRum viyappa
 viruthUthumpadi KARAI PURANDA KARUNAIKKADALAI
 yevvaNNam pEsuveer ? Ithenna paankE ? ".

7.DevarAjam aasrayE : KurEsar has Swamy NammazhwAr's
mangaLAsAsanams: "ayarvaRum AmararkaL adhipathi"(TVM:1.1.1)
and "imayOr talaivA " ( Thiruviruttham: paasuram 1).
Swamy Desikan later endorsed that view in UpakAra 
Sangraham , where he pointed out: " PraTama sathakE
Veekshya varadham " ( Swamy NammazhwAr visualized
Varadhan in the First centum of his ThiruvAimozhi).

8.AdhirAjam aasrayE: AdhirAja Sabdham according to 
SVS Swamy refers to the PradhAna ( chief) dEvathai
of a Yaj~nam . He was the One, who received the havis 
in BrahmA's Yaj~nam on top of Hasthigiri . "dhviradha 
sikhari seemnA  sadhmavAn PadhmayOnE: , Thuraga savana 
vEdhyAm ShyAmaLO HavyavAha:/Sri VaradarAja PanchAsath:1).
He was AdhirAjan in the BrahmA's asvamEdha Yaagam .
As sarva Yaj~na BhOkthA , He appeared in His shyAmala
roopam and directly received the havis instead of 
through Agni , whose antharyAmi He is. 

Thus this DevarAja manthra SlOkam contains a wealth
of information about Lord VaradarAjan and His Vaibhavam.

KurEsar ThiruvadigaLE saraNam ,
Daasan , Oppiliappan Koil varadAchAri SatakOpan   

 




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