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KurEsar's Sri VaradarAja Sthavam: Part IX: SlOkam 2

From: Sadagopan (
Date: Sun Jul 08 2001 - 11:01:07 PDT

Dear BhakthAs:

During this Brahma MuhUrtham (early mornign hours), 
adiyEn feels blessed to reflect on the second slOkam of 
Sri VaradarAja Sthavam .

This Second slOkam is recognized by the commentators 
as the one containing the essence of the Dhvaya Manthram , 
sacred to our tradition. 

This second slOkam is also revered as the One containing
Sri DevarAja manthram ; hence it has immense manthra
siddhi .

Sriman SrivathsAngAcchAr Swamy has blessed us with 
a rich commentary on this slOkam . adiyEn will cover that
first and then additional related information .

The Second SlOkam 

Srinidhim nidhim apAram arTinAm 
arTiTArtha paridhAna dhIkshitham
Sarva-bhUtha-suhrudham DayAnidhim 
DevarAjam adhirAjam aasrayE

(meaning): adiyEn seeks refuge at the lotus feet of
the Lord of all dEvAs , who is the possessor of
the wealth of DayA , who always thinks of 
the well being of His creations ( animals, birds,
trees, humans, dEvAs and all chEthnams and
achEthanams). He has taken the vow to bless
all of His BhakthAs, who seek Him  with the boons of 
PurushArthams . He is like a limitless mine of 
auspiciousness . He is also the wealth principle 
for the Sarva MangaLa SvarUpiNi , PerumdEvi ThAyAr 
Herself . 

adiyEn's preliminary observations
Here , KurEsar invokes the word "nidhim "
three times in this slOkma ( Sri-nidhim ,
Nidhim-apAram and DayA-nidhim )and qualifies 
"nidhim " with the most auspicious "Sri" sabdham first, 
apAram (Limitless ) and DayA sabdhams next . 
The Sarva MangaLathvam of Sri sabdham (MangaLAnAM 
MangaLam) is placed at the very beginning of 
this slOkam to invoke reverence for this 
Dhivya Mithunam (Divine Couple). 

He is apAra Nidhi ( an Ocean of wealth/Isvaryam , 
whose shores could not be discerned) . One can ask:
For Whom is this apAra nidhi intended ? Is it just
for His pleasure ? Is He a miser , who hoards His
apAra Nidhi? No ! He uses this inexhaustible waealth
for the benefit of those , who approach Him and seek 
those Isvaryams from Him such as Jn~Anam , VairAgyam ,
AchArya Bhakthi, achala Bhakthi for Him , BhAgavatha
SevA BhAgyam , Kaimkarya Sri and last but not the least,
Moksha Siddhi.The Moolavar at Hasthigiri wears in one
of His hasthams , the message "Maa Sucha:" ( Do not
grieve). The larger message is the charama sLokam:
" Completely relinquishing all dharmAs , seek Me
alone for refuge. I will release You from all 
the sins". KurEsar salutes DevarAja PerumAL here 
as "ArthinAm apAra Nidhim" .Who are these arthis,
that seek Him ? He has already answered this question 
in Bhagavath Githai ( 7.16):

chathurvidhA bhajanthE maam janaa: SukruthinOrjuna
aarthO jig~yAsu: arTArTI Jn~Ani cha Bharatharshabha

" Four types of men(and women ) of good deeds worship
Me, Oh ArjunA ; these are the distressed , the seekers
after knowledge , the wealth-seekers and the men of 

He is also the DayA Nidhi .He has the wealth of
Divine DayA or KaruNA .He has as His wealth both the
Devis: Sri and DayA .He has also three more: BhUmi, 
NeeLA and PaadhukA Devis.Here the emphasis is on 
the Aadhi Devi,Sri Devi and the equally important 
DayA Devi , who became the object of adoration of
Swamy Desikan later at the ThiruvEnkatam hills.

AdiyEn will focus next on SrivathsAngAcchAr Swamy's 
rich comentary  and conclude with aditional
personal observations on the greatnes of this
DeavarAja mathra SlOkam .

Srimath Azhagiya Singar ThiruvadigaLE Saranam ,
Daasan , Oppiliappan Koil VaradAchAri SatakOpan 



           - SrImate rAmAnujAya namaH -
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