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PeriyAzhwAr Thirunakshathram: Part IV: FourhtPatthu of PeriyAzhwAr Thirumozhi(Paasurams 328-432)

From: Sadagopan (sgopan_at_computer.net)
Date: Mon Jul 02 2001 - 06:51:43 PDT

Dear BhakthAs:

In this penultimate post on PeriyAzhwAr's 
Thirumozhi Macro-overview , adiyEn will cover
the Fourth patthu today and complete 
the coverage of the rest of the 41 paasurams 
of the Fifth patthu tomorrow.

The Themes of the Thirumozhis of the 4th Patthu
************************************************
4.1: KaNDAr ULar : Track of those who have
     witnessed the avathArams of the Lord.

4.2  Glory of ThirumAlirumchOlai:Azhagar's Hill.

4.3: The majesty of ThirumAlirumchOlai (Continued).

4.4: The Divine ancestry of ThirukkOttiyUr.

4.5: The BhAgyam of eulogizing Sriman NaarAyanan
     duirng this life.

4.6: The Fruits of Giving NaarAyaNa Naamam to children.

4.7  ThirukkaNDam Thiruppathi : PurushOtthaman.

4.8: Thiruvaranga Tamizh Maalai.

4.9: Tribute to Sri RanganAthan .

4.10: Salutations to Sriranga Sesha Saayee.

Additional brief comments on the above Thirumozhis
are provided below:

4.1: This Thirumozhi deals with those who seek
and find the Lord . AzhwAr unitl now had celebrated 
Raama and KrishNaavathArams. When he reached this stage 
of his prabhandham construction , a nobel thought 
relating to Dharmi Iykya BhAvam arose in his mind.
That bhAvam informed him that the same SarvEsvaran
incarnates as Raaman, KrishNan and Narasimhan et al.
He wanted to have the darsana soubhAgyam of this
sarvesvaran and at the same time reminded himself 
that there are those , who have sought Him and 
found Him .He says in one of the Paasuram , "Devanai
sikkena naaduthirEl , --BhAratham kai seyyak KaNDAr uLAr"
( I will give you some clues if you want to find
Him quickly ; You will find Him helping PaaNDavAs
win the war over KouravAs at Kuru KshEthram . There are
those who have found Him there).

4.2: After focusing on the Vibhava avathArams
of Yore , AzhwAr now focuses on easy-to-worship
ArchAvathArams of the Lord at His LeelA vibhUthi.
He starts with the dhivya dEsam of ThirumAlirumchOlai.
He celebrates the Azhagar hills , the seat of
residence of KaLLazhagar, Sundarabaahu.He gives
prominence to the divine hills and Swamy Desikan 
will take the clue for the construction of
the first slOkam of DayA sathakam form here
(PrapadhyE Girim --).KurEsar will celebrate
these hills innSri SundararAja Sthavam from
this cue .

4.3: Here, PeriyAzhwAr continues to celebrate
the divinity of ThirumAlirumchOlai, which he
salutes as " Azhagan AlankAran malai ,Kula Malai
kOla malai , KuLirmAmalai koRRa malai, nila malai,
neeNDa malai , ThirumAlirumchOlaiathE ". 

4.4: The Vaibhavam of ThirukkOttiyUr dhivya 
dEsam is celebrated here.He also condemns those ,
who do not use their lives to perform Kaimkaryam
for the Lord .He says that those who fail to perform
such kaimkaryams to the Lord are born to cause pain
to the Mother , who bore them ( peRRa ThAyAr vayiRRinai
perunOy seyvAn piRanthArkaLE). He also celebrates those ,
who perform kaimkaryams to the Lord (Kesavar adiyArkaL)
have the rights to buy and sell him .He wonders at
the greatness of the BhaagavathAs of ThirukkOshtiyUr
and says :"KaNNanaik KadaikoNDu kai Thozhum BhaktharkaL
iruntha Ooril irukkum manithar yetthavangaL seythAr kolO?".

4.5: Here, the thought of AzhwAr is about anthima kaalam.
He instructs us to call on the names of Sarva-prAkara
Bhandhu, Sriman NaarAyaNan , during the last moments atleast 
instead of calling the names of the useless relatives in vain
( paiyyavE talai saayppathan munn--Mannavan Madhusoodhanan
yenpAr , vaanahatthE manRAdikaL thAmE)

4.6: Here, Azhwar Invites Mothers to name their 
children with the names of the Lord (Kesavan, Sridharan ,
Govindhan,Maadhavan et al )instead of meaningless names. 
In the first paasuram , Azhwaar performs upadesam 
for us : Please sweeten your mind by naming your child 
Kesavan and be assured of freedom from the terrors of
narakam (Kesavan pErittu neengaL thEnit thiruminO,
Naayakan NaaraNan tammannai narakam puhAL "). 

4.7: MangaLAsAsanam for ThirukkaNDamkudi : In the two
previous Thirumozhis , PeriyAzhwAr performed UpadEsam
on Hitham . Here, he starts on the explanation of
the Tatthvam by focussing on the PerumAL at ThirukkaNDamkudi
( PurushOtthamn) residing on the banks of sacred Gangai
( Gangain karai mEl KaNDam yennum kadinagarE).

4.8: PeriyAzhwAr completed the MangaLAsAsanams of
the PerumALs of Vada Naadu and now he foucsses on 
the glories of Sriranga dhivya dEsam ( kuravu arumbhak 
kOngu alarak kuyil koovum kuLir Pozhil soozh 
Thiruvarangam yenpathuvE Yenn ThirumAL sErvidamE).

4.9: Having tasted the honey of the Naamam of
Sri RangnAthan in the previous Thirumozhi , AzhwAr
continues with the pleasurable experience of eulogizing
Sriranga Dhivya dampahtis in this Thirumozhi as well. 
He wonders how any one can become the servant of 
others instead of serving the Lord of Srirangam
( yennudaya ThiruvarangarkkaRkanRiyum 
maRravarkku AaLAvArO?").

4.10: From the focus on BhUlOka Vaikuntam (Srirangam),
PeriyAzhwAr's thoughts shift to Nithya VibhUthi
( Parama Padham , where the Lord receives kaimkaryam
from Nithyasooris and Muktha Jeevans). In this Thirumozhi,
AzhwAr thinks about his last , moments on earth.
He informs the Lord that his physical condition may not 
permit him to appeal to the Lord to bless him with 
Vaikunta PrApthi during those last moments. Hence,
AzhwAr says that he is appealing to the Lord right now , 
when his body and mind are firm and performs SaraNAgathi
in the spirit of VarAha Charama SlOakm ( yeyppu yennai
vanthu naliyum pOthu , angu unnai ninaikkamAttEn ,
APPOTHAIKKU IPPOTHE SOLLI VAITHTEN , 
ArangattharavaNip PaLLiyAnE "). 

Namo NaarAyaNAya !
Srimath azhagiya Singar ThiruvadigaLE SaraNam
AdiyEn , Oppilaippan Koil VaradAchAri SatakOpan

        




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