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Re: Surrender as means to liberation

From: R. Narasimhan (
Date: Mon Jul 17 2000 - 18:26:57 PDT

dear bhagavathAs,
Sri Govindarajan's posting of the article that
appeared in The Hindu which mentions about kamba
rAmAyaNam and kamban's emphasis on the aspects of
surrender prompted me to post this response. adiyEn
would like to quote kamban's one single verse, so
beautiful, so profound. no wonder he was called
'kambanAttAzhwar'. most of you will be knowing this
verse, but it sure bears repetition, any number of
"nanmaiyum selvamum nALum nalgumE,
 thinmaiyum pAvamum sidaindu thEyumE,
 senmamum maraNamum inRi theerumE,
 immaiyE rAma enRiraNdezhuthinAl"
meaning: "it will ever bestow all good things and
wealth,all sins and mistakes will get blasted and
diminished, it will put an end to this life - death
cycle, in this birth itself, by just uttering two
syllables 'rAmA' "
imagine, all that you have to do is just utter 2
syllables and liberation is yours! this single verse
perhaps sums up the greatness of the greatest epic of
all, our 'saraNAgathi sAstrA' called rAmAyaNam
adiyEn rAmAnuja dAsan narasimhan

--- "T. R. Govindarajan" <>
> Dear bhAgavathAs:
> AdiyEn came across this article appeared in the The
> Hindu dated. July 18, 2000.
> In his discourse on the Raamaayanaa, Sengalipuram
> Sri B.Damodara Dikshitar said
> that every canto of the epic, except the last one,
> highlighted the concept of
> surrender. AdiyEn thought that this might be  of
> interest to all in the list
> since a
> discussion is currently going on about SaranAgati.
> adiyEn
> govindarajan
>  CHENNAI, JULY 18. The main purpose of the Supreme
> Being's incarnations
>  was to re-establish righteousness in the world and
> every manifestation has a
>  unique message also to mankind. The significant
> import of Rama's incarnation is
>  His promise that He would protect anyone who
> surrenders (Prapatti, Saranagati)
>  to Him. In the Srivaishnava tradition the Ramayana
> is hailed as the
> ``Saranagati
>  Sastra'' - a scriptural text outlining the concept
> of surrender to God as the
> means
>  to liberation. 
>  The rationale behind depicting Rama's auspicious
> traits right at the outset by
>  Valmiki is to instil hope in the heart of the
> penitent that the Lord would
> condone
>  his lapses if he submits to Him. This is crucial to
> the operation of the Lord's
>  grace. His compassionate nature comes to the fore
> and makes Him overlook the
>  devotee's sins. The Kamba Ramayanam focusses on
> surrender to God in the
>  opening verse. 
>  In his discourse on the Ramayana, Sengalipuram Sri
> B.Damodara Dikshitar said
>  that every canto of the epic, except the last one,
> highlighted the concept of
>  surrender. The first canto describes how the
> celestials surrendered to God for
>  protection of the innocents who were being
> terrorised by the Rakshasas
>  especially Ravana and He promised them that He
> would incarnate on the Earth
>  for this purpose. The second canto highlights
> Bharata's surrender to Rama when
>  he beseeched Him to return to Ayodhya. 
>  The Aranya Kanda describes the surrender of the
> sages in the forest to protect
>  them from the demons as they knew about Rama's
> divine nature and hence
>  regarded Him as their Lord and refuge. The next
> canto describes Sugriva's
>  submission to Rama to protect him from his brother
> Vali who had inflicted
> untold
>  suffering on him. The Sundara Kanda of the epic
> which focusses on the exploits
>  of Hanuman also brings out his total surrender to
> Rama and his exemplary
>  devotion to Him. 
>  The next canto delineates one of the paradigmatic
> instances of Self-surrender
>  cited by the preceptors - Vibhishana's surrender to
> Rama after Ravana failed to
>  be convinced by his advice and persuasion to return
> Sita to Rama. It was in
> this
>  context that the Lord assured His protection to
> anyone who surrendered to Him. 
>  While surrendering to God accepting Him as the
> means to liberation one must
>  resolve to do only such actions that will please
> Him and also desist from those
>  which displease Him. He must repose total faith in
> God's grace and must feel
>  humble realising his helplessness. After
> surrendering to God he should not
> worry
>  about his eventual liberation and must accept
> everything in life as divine
> will.

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