You are here: Sri Vaishnava Home Page : Bhakti List : Archives : July 2000

Reply: Upadhana Karanam

From: M.S.HARI (Madabhushi Sarangarajan Hari) (
Date: Fri Jul 14 2000 - 21:01:26 PDT

Dear Shree/Shreemathi Anitha Seshadri,

I answer your questions/clarify your doubts as follows:
1. Roopam and Sareeram are Synonyms, Word with the same meaning. There
is not difference between roopam and sareeram.

2. The Brahman is Vishnu - Vaasudeva - Shreeman Narayanan - Purushothama:
(All these names denote Lakshmi Pathi only). You have to clearly understand
that there are two realities - "Swaroopam" and "Roopam". "Swaroopam" is that
which is possessing Identifying qualities/attributes. 
To define "Swaroopam", "Swaroopa NirUpa: Dharma Visista: Swaroopa:"
"Roopam" is possessed by "Swaroopam". Brahma Swaroopam is declared
by the Veda as "Satyam Jgnyaanam Anantam Brahma" meaning Brahman's
"nature-reality" is of unchanging, sentient, infinite charecteristics.
This Brahma Swaroopam has all chit and achit entites as his Roopam
(Sareeram). Swaroopam is different from Roopam. The Ubhaya-Vibhuthi
(material worlds (leela-vibhuthi) and the divine world (nitya vibhuthi)
which is Shree Vaikunta Paramapadam - all chit and achits) is the
Roopam/Sareeram of Brahma Swaroopam - meaning the Ubhaya-Vibhuthi is
supported, controlled and owned by Brahman and the Ubhaya-Vibhuthi
exists for the purpose of Brahman. Therefore the Ubhaya-Vibhuthi is
"Aprutak-Sidha-Viseshanam" - inseparable attribute of Brahma Swaroopam
as its Sareeram. The Divya Mangala Vigraham (Vigraham also means Roopam)
is also a Achit which is of the type "Suddha Satvam - divine -
Subhaasraya - the achit having only Satva Guna and devoid of
rajas and tamas". This divya mangala Vigraha is also a Roopam of
Vishnu in five modes namely para, vyuha, vibhava, Haarda and archaa.
After this explanation, one may get a doubt! Who is God? Is it the
swaroopa or roopa? The answer to this question is simple and it is
as follows: The one and only God is Brahman - Vishnu who is qualified by all
chit and achit. That is why Shreeman Vedanta Desika in his 
Nyaaya Sidhdaanjanam opens his work as "Asesha Chit Achit Prakaaram
Brahma Ekam Eva Tatvam" meaning the only Tatvam is Brahman having
all chit and achit tatvas as his mode/sareeram/attribute.

Hope your doubts are clarified. Please write to me if you have further

Thanks & Regards
M.S.HARI Ramanuja Daasan.

Get free email and a permanent address at

Get a NextCard Visa, in 30 seconds!
1. Fill in the brief application
2. Receive approval decision within 30 seconds
3. Get rates as low as 2.9% Intro or 9.9% Fixed APR

           - SrImate rAmAnujAya namaH -
To Post a message, send it to:
Visit for more information