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From: Venkatesh Elayavalli (vke_at_cypress.com)
Date: Thu Jan 01 1998 - 17:51:10 PST
On the issue of Sanskrit words being used/borrowd in Tamil Works, this seems to be a gradual development. For example, P.S. Sundaram, in his introduction on Tirukkural, observes that the proportion of Pure Tamil words as compared to that of words borrowed or modeled after sanskrit is much higer than what one might find in the works of Alvars and Nayanmars. On the other hand this proportion gets smaller when compared to the Sangam Works which he claims to have lesser Sanskrit influence. Smt Vasudha Narayanan, in her book, The Way and the Goal, talks about two ancient tamil works: ettutokai and pattupaattu. I am not sure if these are part of the Sangam Tamil or prior to that. These, however, predate works like Tolkapiyam, Manimekhalai and Ceevaka cintAmani, which are considered post sangam works. I gather from browsing the WEB that A.K. Ramanujan has published translations of few Sangam era Tamil works. I would appreciate if Smt Vasudha Narayana or other learned members of the list familiar with the Sangam and PreSangam era works to give a background on history of Ancient Tamil literature.