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Eleventh day of Dhanur Maasam : Artha Panchakam : Part 2

From: V. Sadagopan (
Date: Thu Jan 02 1997 - 17:52:11 PST

Dear Members of the Bhakthi Group :

During the Holidays and  the days of  Sathsangam 
at Buffalo , NY , I  missed the postings for the period 
of the 11 th to 15th day of Dhanur Maasam that I undertook 
as a Yajnam . Hence I am catching up on them before 
posting the others starting from 18th day , which is due today .
Please bear with me while I catch up on the delinquent days .
I do not have  acopy of the tenth day posting of mine. I must 
have erased it. I have requested Mrs.Satyan to send me  a copy
of that posting. Meanwhile , I will go from memory and start 
from where I think left off. If there are some overlaps , please 
treat them as repeat statements for emphasis. Thanks . 


In the posting for the tenth day , I referred to the 
five aspects of Artha panchakam as : ParamAthma 
Svarupam , JeevAthama Svarupam , UpAya Svarupam . Pala 
Svarupam and Virodhi Svarupam . These are the Sambhandha 
Viseshams( Special affiliations ), which serve as the foundation for 
the Rahasya Trayams associated with  NarayanAdhi Sabdhams
according to Swami Desikan . These are also referred to as 
ShadarthAs(six meanings ) . Swami Desikan in his magnum opus 
Rahasya Traya Saaram (RTS ) points out that there is no 
difference between Artha Panchakam and Shadarthams . 

Artha Panchakam is also known by other names 
such as Anju PoruL (VilAmcholai Pillai in  Saptha Kaadai ) ,
Jnaathaleeya Panchakam ( NaayanAr , Author of 
Acharya Hrudhayam and brother of Sri PiLLai LokAcharyar ) .
NayanAr has concluded that the true knowledge about 
Artha Panchakam is the means for unalloyed bliss
( Niradhisaya Aanandha Hethu : ) . NayanAr"s brother ,
Sri PiLLai LokAchAryAr in his Mumukshu Pati has indicated 
that all what we need to know are covered by  Arthapanchakam
( Ariya vEndum arthamellAm ) . He has  stated that the AzhwAr's 
sacred prabhandhams are rooted in the Artha Panchakam .

Swami Desikan has devoted the entire fourth chapter of 
RTS on Artha Panchakam . It is the opinion of our AcharyAs 
that Thiruppavai is the elaboration of the Artha Panchakam .
Reference has  already been made  that the three TattvAs 
(Chidh , Achidh and IswarA ) along with Hitam and PurushArthams
make up the pentad of Artha Panchakam . We shall dwell upon
the Tattva, Hita , PurushArthams elaborated by the divine hymns 
of Thiruppavai of GodhA Piratti in the subsequent postings until 
I catch up with the posting for today ( January 2 , 1997: the 18th
day of Dhanur Maasam ) .

Swami Desikan ThiruvadigalE SaraNam ,
Oppiliappan Koil VaradAchAri Sadagopan