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SrI vishNu sahasra nAmam - Slokam 69 - nAma-s trilokAtmA, tri-lokeSah.

From: Narasimhan Krishnamachari (champakam_at_yahoo.com)
Date: Wed Jan 30 2002 - 21:41:04 PST

Previously I had posted one line of each Sloka in each posting.  From
this current posting, I am thinking of just posting one or two nAma-s
at a time, hoping that this might be easier for those interested to
read and enjoy.  If any of you preefer the earlier way of posting one
line at a time, please let me know at champakam@yahoo.com.

-dAsan

     SrI vishNu sahasra nAmam - Slokam 69 - Part 2. 

652. tri-lokAtmA - a) He who ever moves about in the three worlds.
	b) He Who makes the three worlds move about.
	c) He Who is the AtmA for everything in all the three worlds.

Om tri-lokAtmane namah.

a) SrI BhaTTar gives his interpretation based on the derivation of the
word "AtmA" from the root ata - to be always moving about (ata
sAtatyagamane) - trIn lokAn atati satatam gacchati.   SrI v.v.
rAmAnujan gives reference to tiruvAimozhi, where nammAzhvAr beautifully
expresses this concept - "viN mIdiruppAi! malai mEl niRpAi! KaDal
SerppAi! maN mIduzhalvAi! ivaRRuL e'ngum maRainduRaivAi! eN mIdiyanRa
puRavaNDattAi!.. (6.9.5).   He keeps moving about in all the three
worlds in order to be easily accessible to everyone.

b) SrI satyadevo vAsishTha extends this anubhavam to point out that not
only does He move about in the three worlds, but He is the One who
makes everything move about in all the three worlds - avan anRi Or
aNuvum aSaiyAdu.  So He is tri-lokAtmA in this sense as well. 

c) SrI Sankara gives the interpretation that He is the AtmA of
everything in all the three worlds - trayANAm lokAnAm antaryAmitayA
AtmA iti tri-lokAtmA. The three worlds here refer to the earth, the
world above and the world below.  SrI cinmayAnanda interprets the term
tri-loka to refer to the three states of experience - the waking, the
dream and the deep-sleep, and gives the interpretation that He is the
Reality, the Self of the all the three worlds of experiences. 

Thus, He is called tri-lokAtmA because He moves about in the three
worlds, He is the antaryAmi of everything in the three worlds, and He
makes everything in the three worlds move about. 

653. tri-lokeSah - The Ruler of the three worlds.

Om tri-lokeSAya namah.

tri-lokAnAm ISatayA tri-lokeSah - By virtue of His being the Lord or
Ruler of the three worlds, He is known as tri-lokeSah. NammAzhvAr's
well-known pASuram "agalagillEn" refers to Him as as "ulagam mUnRu
uDaiyAi (tiruvAimozhi 6.10.10).  SrI Sankara elaborates His Rulership
thus - trayo lokAh tadA~jnayA sveshu sveshu karmasu vartanta iti
tri-lokeSah - The three worlds, in obedience to Him, attend to their
respective functions.   SrI rAdhAkRshNa SAstri gives support from the
Sruti-s - esha loka pAla esha lokeSah (kaushItakI 3). 

-To be continued.

-dAsan kRshNamAcAryan



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