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Sri Vilakkoli Perumal, Thoopul/ThirutthaNkA dhivya Desam: Nithya AarAdhana kaimkaryam for VilakkoLi PerumAL and Swamy Desikan : Part VII: Fourth SlOkam

From: Sadagopan (
Date: Thu Jan 24 2002 - 06:32:16 PST


Dear BhakthAs:

Today , adiyEn will cover the Fourth slOkam 
of Sri SaraNAgathi DhIpikai , where Swamy Desikan
describes the auspicious effect of the embrace of
Her Lord by SrI Maragatha-Valli ThAyAr :

PadmAkarAth upagathA parishasvajE ThvAm
  vEgA-sarith-viharaNA KalasABdhi-KanyA
aahu: tadhA-prabhruthi dhIpa-sama-avabhAsam
  aajanathO maragatha-prathimam vapusthE 

(meaning): Oh ViLakkoLi PerumALE ! SrI Devi, who arose
out of the Milky Ocean wished to play on the banks of
the river Vegavathi ,where You are . Hence , She incarnated 
in a lotus pond near Vegavathi river . Immediately after 
incarnation there, She rose out of Her normal abode of 
Lotus flower , rushed to Your side and embraced You tightly 
and has been with You ever since . It was like the time ,
when She as SithA PirAtti embraced Her victorious Lord
after He destroyed the 14,000 Raakshasaas single handed .
She rewarded Her Lord with a tight embrace . Oh Lord! 
Your beautiful ThirumEni is like a sparkling blue gem. 
When Your Devi embraced You with great affection as
at DhaNDakAraNyam before , Your ThirumEni became radiant 
like a powerful dhIpam .The bhakthAs ,who witnessed Your 
special radiance gave You the name of DhIpa PrakAsan . 
>From then on , You shine as the DhIpam and Your PirAtti 
is the lustre of that DhIpam.

Additional Comments:

Sri Devi is saluted here as Kalasa-aBDhi-KanyA ,
the daughter of the Milky Ocean , Her avathAra
Sthalam , when the Lord churned the milky ocean
for nectar. As Kaliyan salutes , the Lord executed
the project of churning for the nectar (aNNal seythu 
alai kadal kadainthu). He brought out the nectar 
singlehandedly and distributed it to the waiting dEvAs.
While the dEvAs were enjoying the plain nectar , 
Our Lord had a supreme enjoyment of " amuthil varum 
PeNNamuthu " or the special nectar that arose out of 
His churning efforts (i-e) MahA Lakshmi. She arose
out of the milky ocean and in a Svayamvaram that
followed , She chose the Lord as Her husband . 
Swamy Desikan salutes Sri Maragatha Vlli ThAyAr 
as "Kalasa-aBdhi-kanya" in this context.

When her Lord chose the banks of Vegavathi river 
( ThirutthaNkA/Thoopul dhivya dEsam )for His residence
as Archai  , She decided to join Him by incarnating on 
the banks of the same river in a lotus pond and rushed 
towards Her Lord with great affection ( Padhma aakarAth 
upagathA). She wanted to join Him in His sports on 
the sand dunes of the river Vegavathi (vEgA sarith viharaNA 
ThvAm ParishashasvajE). She saw Her Lord there at ThirutthaNkA
on the banks of the river , rushed to His side and tightly
embraced Him (parishasvajE) . Her Lord's hue is by nature like 
a Maragatha MaNi (pacchai maamalai pOl mEni) or dark Blue gem 
( aajAnatha: thE Vapu: Maragatha Prathimam).The moment SrI Devi 
embraced Him tightly , He beamed with joy and shone like a radiant
dhIpam . From then on , every one who were blessed to 
see this dhivya aalinganam called the Lord DhIpa PrakAsan
and ThaayAr as Sri Maragatha Valli or One who is the divine
consort of that Maragatha MaNi Vilakku (dhIpam ) . She became 
the oLi (lusre/radiance ) of that DhIpam from then on 
( TadhA-prabhruthi dhIpa-sama -avabhAsam aahu:).

ThaayAr is saluted by Her Sahasara Naamam as
"(PraNavam) Tadh-dharma-dharmiNyai Nama:" .
She is His Saha-DharmiNi . She can not be without 
Him even for a fraction of a second (ahalhillEn iRayum).

As ParAsara Bhattar pointed out in His LakshmI KalyANa
naatakam , She causes auspiciousness to Her Lord 
(anya MangaLa KaaraNam ) . As She embraced Him ,
they became "ananyAdhIna KalyANam adhvandhvam 
dhvandhvam " together. She is the Svaroopa Niroopa
Vaibhavam of the Lord.

SrI ParAsara Bhattar's slOkam hails Her Svaroopa NirUpaka
Vaibhavam and Her role play as the Dhivya MiTunam 
(Divine couple):

ananyAdhIna KalyANam anya MangaLa KaaraNam
JagannidhAnam-adhvandhvam dhvandhvam vandhAmahE vayam

(meaning): Since PerumAL and PirAtti are yEka Tatthvam ,
their vaibhavam is not caused by any other. The dhivya 
MiTunam are for showering anugraham on all, who approach
Them and surrender to Them. They are the cause of this universe 
(ChEthanams and achEthanms: JagannidhAnam). adiyEn salutes  
this incomparable Divine Couple.

She (Maragatha Valli )stays as His Nithya yOginI at ThirutthaNkA
as one could extrapolate from PoorvAchAryAL's commentary:

"Sarva purushArTAya SrayaNIyA SrI: SrEya: SrI: Saa 
Asya Nithya yOginI " (She is to be approached for
all PurushArThams . She is the Sarva Phala dhAyini 
in Her yEka sEshithva role .

In this fourth slOkam , Swamy Desikan chooses the word ,
"Parishasvaje" to describe the embrace of Maragathavalli.
Swamy Desikan must have been moved by the Sriamadh RaamAyaNa
SlOkam ( AaraNya KaaNDam : 29th sargam , SlOkams: 39-41):

Thamm dhrushtvA Chathru-hanthAram MaharshINAm sukhAvaham
BhabhUva hrushtA VaidhEhi bharthAram PARISHASVAJE 

Srimath RaamAyaNam goes on to say that SithA PirAtti was 
proud of Her Lord's heroic deeds in the battle field 
and embraced Him once again  ( Puna: parishvajya) . 
Her face lit up with Joy and She felt rejoiced 
( MudhAnvitha AananA , HrushtA BhabhUva).

That is How Maragatha Valli felt at ThirutthaNkA ; Her 
Aanandham lit up the entire Maragatha MaNi ThirumEni of 
Her Lord (Maragatha prathimam Vapu:) to shine like 
a Parama MangaLa DhIpam (DhIpa-sama-avabhAsam). 

Swamy Deikan , the Master of words due to the anugraham of
Lord HayagrIvan chose the word "avabhAsam " to describe
the special radiance of the Lord caused by the embrace of 
His Devi. Swamy Desikan describes the special lustre as 
"Dhipa-sama-avabhAsam " . The word " avabhAsam " is a powerful one 
in imagery . It means to shine with splendour. It also means
knowledge and perception of a divine kind. AvabhAsakan is 
the Supreme luminous Being , the Lord .  This DhIpam that 
shines bright  was brought to the view of all of us
through the embrace of Sri Devi taking Her ArchA form 
at ThirutthaNkA.

Sri Maragathavalli SamEtha Sri DhIpa PrakAsa PrabhavE Nama:
Swamy Desikan ThiruvadigaLE SaraNam,
Oppiliappan Koil VaradAchAri SaThakOpan(Sadagopan)

P.S: Please come and join us in the NithyArAdhana Kaimkaryam
for Swamy Desikan and ThirutthaNkA Dhivya Dampathis. 




NaarAyaNa , NaarAyaNa , NaarAyaNa 
Swamy Desikan ThiruvadigaLE SaraNam ,
Daasan , Oppiliappan Koil VaradAchAri SatakOpan 

           - SrImate rAmAnujAya namaH -
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