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Sri Vilakkoli Perumal, Thoopul/ThirutthaNkA dhivya Desam: Nithya AarAdhana kaimkaryam for VilakkoLi PerumAL and Swamy Desikan : Part VI: Third SlOkam

From: Sadagopan (
Date: Thu Jan 17 2002 - 07:49:13 PST


Dear BhakthAs:

Today , adiyEn will cover the Third slOkam 
of Sri SaraNAgathi DhIpikai and elaborate on
the meaning of DhIpam (The Lord and its 

DhIpas-ThvamEva JagathAm DayithA ruchis-tE
  dheergam tama: prathinivarthyamidham YuvAbhyAm
sthavyam sthavapriyam atha: SaraNOkthi vasyam
  sthOthum Bhavantham abhilashyathi janthurEsha:

(meaning): Oh ViLakkoLi PerumALE ! You are the Only One ,
who is the DhIpam for the entire World (JagadhAm dhIpa:
ThvamEva). You are the DhIpam and Your Divine Consort , 
who never leaves Your side , is the prakAsam/lustre for 
the DhIpam ( tE dayithA RUCHI:). The long lasting darkness  
of Ajna~nam (nescience) can only be removed by both of You
(DhIrgam idham tama: YuvAbhyAm prathinivarthyam). 
Therefore (atha:) , this chEthanan (yEsha janthu:) 
wishes to eulogize You (sthOthum abhilashyathi), who is
worthy of salutations(sthavyam) and who is pleased with 
such sthuthis (sthava Priyam).This chEthanan (yEsha janthu:)
wishes to engage in Sthuthi (sthOthum abhilashyathi) of 
You (Bhavantham), who is easily influenced by one's 
uttrance of the Prapatthi Vaakyam ( SaraNOkthi vasyam
Bhavantham sthOthum abhilashyathi).  

Additional Comments:
Here, Swamy Desikan recognizes Sri DhIpa PrakAsan as 
the Param JyOthi/Svaym JyOthi .The references to His 
JyOthi Svaroopam are many in Veda Manthrams. Let us enjoy
a few of these Rg Veda manthrams in the Context of 
Sriman NaarAyaNan as  eternal DhIpam ( DhIpa: ThvamEva)
presiding over ThirutthaNkA and blessing Swamy Desikan 
of His agrahAram at Thuppul :

jyOtir vriNIta tamasO vijAnan aarE syAma durithAdh abhIkE
imA gira: sOmapA: somavriddha jushasvEndhra purutamasya kArO:
--Rg Vedam : III.39.7

(meaning): The light of lights ( the discriminating intellect
literally) , the Lord banishes the darkness of nescience and 
viparItha Jn~Anam .May that divine power of that JyOthi remove
us far away from inauspiciousnes of every kind ! Oh Supreme Lord !
May Thou accept our highest eulogies (sthuthis) woven and
nourished with Bhakthi ! May Thou be pleased with the sthuthis 
of Your devout devotees in Your role as Sthava Priyan.

In the next manthram ( Rg Vedam : III.39.8) , " yEsha Janthu:"
prays for the blessings of that divine , guiding JyOthi:

JyOthir-yaj~nAya rhOdhasI anu shyAdhaarE syAma dhurithasya bhUrE:
bhUri chidh dhi tujathO marthyasya supArasO vasavO BarhaNAvath

(meaning): May Thou as JyOthirmayan bless us with Your
DhIpa PrakAsam and let that JyOthi penetrate through
our body and mind to purify us and get us qualified for
Your daily worship (Kaimkaryam and Nithya AarAdhanam) .
May we be safely tucked away from overwhelming amangaLams !
May You as the grantor of prosperity (Sakala SoubhAghya 
dhAyakan) in response to Your devotee's sthuthis bestow 
Your ever-increasing affluence on this benovolent man(janthu)!

In the Rg Veda Manthram (IX.86.10) , this JyOthi is recognized
and saluted as the JyOthi behind the Cosmic Yaj~nam :

JyOthir-YaJ~nasya pavathE madhu priyam 
PithA dEvAnAm JanithA vibhUvasu:
dhadhAthi rathnam svadhayOrapIchyam 
madhinthamO mathsara indhriyO rasa: 

(meaning): This JyOthi and its prakAsam is the dhIpam(light ) 
of Cosmic Sacrifice ( Purusha Sooktha Yaj~nam) . It distills
(gives forth) sweet delightful juices . It is the generator
(parent) of nature's bounties.It is the Generator of All and
is endowed with immeasurable Isvaryam of anantha kalyANa 
guNams and bounties of every kind. This JyOthi is the most 
exhilirating , nourishing elixir that is the aadhAram for 
the hidden treasures of heaven and earth. 

In the Rg Veda manthram I.136.3 , the prayer is to 
the DhIpa PrakAsan residing in the middle of the twelve
Aadhithyans and empowering them with His JyOthi: 
" jyOthishmathIm adhithim --yaathayajjanaH ":

Here , the Soorya MaNDala Madhyasthan is recognized as
JyOthirmayan (One with unparalleled luminosity 
and celestiality). He is recognized as the Upholder
of the righteous. He is worshipped day by day (dhivE dhivE) 
by those , who wake up early in the morning (nithyArAdhanam
by Bhudha:) . He is saluted as the animator of srEshta
Janams on the path of Rutham and Sathyam (JyOthishmath
kshathram aasAtE).

In a beautiful manthram laden with deep meanings , 
the DhIpa PrakAsan is recognized as the bright ,
radiant JyOthi rich in enlighteenment for 
the SadhakAs:

JyOthishmantham kEthumantham thrichakram 
sukham raTam sushadham bhUrivAram
chithrAmaghA yasya yOgEadhijag~nyE 
Thamm Vaam huvE athi rikthampiBhadhyai
--Rg Vedam : VIII.59.3

(Meaning):  I , This Janthu ,  invokes the One ,
who is bright and radiant .This JyOthirmayan is rich 
in enlighteenment (kEthumantham) and possesses 
a comfortable chariot yoked with three wheels. 
That raTam comes to us rolling lightly and this
JyOthirmayan riding that chariot brings us munificent
and marvellous treasures .I invoke and beseech 
this JyOthirmaya Purushan characterized by His lustre
(prakAsam) to participate in this Yaj~nam and partake 
this splendid offering (Soma rasam or Sthuthis).

SrI DhIpa prakAsa tatthvam is deep and illuminating indeed!
Veda manthrams repeatedly salute this DhIpa PrakAsan and
get themselves consecrated .

The other key words that Swamy Desikan chose in this third slOkam 
are: "Sthavyan, Sthavapriyan and saraNOkthi Vasyan " .

Swamy Desikan invokes here , the VishNu Sahasra naamams 
(59th slOkam) : 

" Sthvya: Sthavapriya: SthOthram Sthutha: SthOthA RaNapriya: 
  PoorNa: Poorayitha PuNya : PuNyakeethiranAmaya:"

Swamy ParAsara Bhattar has commented extensively on 
the significance  of these Naamams in His BhAshyam.

That the Lord of ThirutthaNKA is "SaraNa Ukthi Vasyan "
led Swamy Desikan to compose this SthOthram . That is 
the central message of SrI SaraNAgathi DhIpikai. 
adiyEn will elaborate on this most important aspect 
of SrI DhIpa PrakAsan in the subsequent postings.

NaarAyaNa , NaarAyaNa , NaarAyaNa 
Swamy Desikan ThiruvadigaLE SaraNam ,
Daasan , Oppiliappan Koil VaradAchAri SatakOpan 

           - SrImate rAmAnujAya namaH -
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