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Part XV: Swamy Desikan's Taathparya RathnAvaLi: 72nd SlOkam on ThiruviNNagarappan ( ThiruvAimozhi: 6.3 dasakam )

From: Sadagopan (
Date: Thu Dec 27 2001 - 16:50:41 PST

Thursday , Dec 27 , 2001: Sri Vaikunta DhvAdasi Day

Eleventh ThiruppAvai (KaRruk KaRavaikaL--)Dinam 

ANDAL ThiruvadigaLE SaraNam

Dear RasikAs of Swamy NammAzhwAr's Dhivya Prabhandhams:

On this Eleventh ThiruppAavi day , adiyEn will continue with 
the ten guNams covered in the 72nd SlOkam of DTR about
ThiruviNNagarappan : 

samapth dhAridhrya bhAvAth asukha sukhakruthE: patthana-grAma bhAvath
puNyApuNyAdhi-bhAvaath kapaDaruchutayA sarvalOkAdhi- bhAvAth
dhivyA-dhivyAngathvAth suradhithijagaNa-snigdha-sathruthva keerthyA
chAyAcchAydhi-bhAvAth agaDithagaDanam prAha KrushNam SaThAri:

Prelude to the ThiruviNNagar Paasurams ( nalkuravum selvam--):
In the previous decad , Swamy NammazhwAr had praNya Kalaham 
with archAvathAra perumAL and asked Him to leave Her (ParAnkusa
Naayaki's) company . PerumAl can not ofcourse give up His dearest
bhakthan and came running after Parankusa Naayaki and displayed
His soundharyam and Isvaryam and United with Her at AakAsa Nagaram 
as Sri Vaikunta NaaTan.AzhwAr named this dhivya Desam as 
ThiruviNNagar, where he had samsLesham to his heart's content.

AzhwAr in his ecstasy sang about the agaDithagaDana tatthvam 
of the Lord , where polar opposites of GuNams (non-co-existables )
such as poverty and penury , hell and heaven , enimity and
friendship , poison and nectar coexist and are controlled by Him .
AzhwAr states that the Lord is impossible to see and yet He 
Himself came down from Sri Vaikuntam to seek his company and 
unite with him/her in his role as ParAnkusa Naayaki. 

He says in the second paasuram that he saw the Lord at ThiruviNNagar,
at this  dhivya dEsam equal in auspiciousness to Sri Vaikuntam .
He goes on to hail the Lord as the Sum and Substance of all , 
even the opposites such as city and hamlet , knowledge and ignorance , 
light and darkness and all like these dhvandhvams. AzhwAr reveals 
to us that the Lord exists with His splendour in PuNyam and Paapam,
Union and seperation , memory and forgetfulness , existence and
non-existence. The Lord is present in all these mutually
non-co-existables displaying His agaDithagDanA Saamarthyam.

In the seventh paasuram , AzhwAr asserts that for anyone , 
who seeks Moksham , there is no other path (naanya: panTA 
ayanAya vidhyathE) , no other refuge except the firmly-helping 
ThiruvadigaL of ThiruviNNagarappan .

In the 8th paasuram , The Lord of ThiruviNNagar is his 
Father , Mother , Refuge , dear Helper and every thing .
AzhwAr priases the great upakAram of ThiruviNnagarappan 
in keeping all His bhakthAs under His wings and protecting 
them while banishing the non-believers outside His shelter.

In the 9th paasuram, Swamy NammAzhwAr acknowledges that
the Lord gave His sacred feet as the cool refuge for him
at ThiruviNNagar .AzhwAr acknowledges that the Lord's holy
feet are the cool shade against the torturing heat of
samsAram (worldly afflictions). 

In the 10th paasuram, AzhwAr that the Lord is residing as 
antharAthmA even in all polar opposite attributes that we
experience in this world .They are ALL He although the heyams
(stigma/blemishes) of these things do not ever taint Him. 
He makes a subtle point here .He is them but they are not He.

In the concluding 11th paasuram , AzhwAr states that 
the Lord is Parama Soulabhyan 9Most easy to access by all) 
and that these paasurams on ThiruviNNagarappan were composed
at His order and anyone , who masters them will attain
the status of nithyasooris.

The Ten GuNams saluted by Swamy NammAzhwAr in th eorder
of the ten paasurams are:

1)Sampadh-DhAridhrya BhAvAth( nal kuravum ): He is in
the form of poverty and wealth . The dharmi becomes
the two opposite dharmams .It is a wonder ! He is
the antharyAmi in both .

2) asukha sukha kruthE bhAvAth: the joy (kaNDa inbham )
from the enjoyment of wealth (sampath ) and the woes (thunbham)
from the experience of poverty (dhAridhryam ) have Him as
the indweller. He is there in both thru His unique skills
to dwell in irreconcelable opposites.

3) patthana-grAma BhAvAth: Nakaramum Naadum . The dhraavyams on
both ends that lead to the enjoyment are cited here.

4)PuNyApuNyAdhi BhAvAth: PuNNiyam and Paapam are the opposite
of each other. PuNNiyam is the fruit of following SaasthrIya 
dharmams . Paapam arises from  the rejection of such dahrmams.
He is the antharyAmi in both.

5) KapaDaruchutayA: He is the controller of dishonesty(kaitavam)
and uprightness( aarjavam), the polar opposites.

6) Sarva lOkAdhi BhAvAth (MoovulahangaLumAi): His ability to
mix unblendables (agaDithagaDanam GuNam) is seen in that 
He is all the three worlds and then He is NOT. 

7) dhivyAdhivyAngathvAth(Param sudar UdambAi ,
azhukku patthittha UdambAi): The Lord of ThiruviNnagar 
has a supremely effulgent form as well as the form that
is the oul of the filthy world that is visible to us .
He does not however get tainted by the dirt and filth.
This world is His body and yet the heyams of this world 
does not tarnish Him.

8) suradhithijagaNa-snigdha sathruthva kIrthyA(van saraN
surarkkAi, asurarkku venkURramAi): He is refuge for 
the devAs ( devout bhakthAs) and fiery death to
demonic persons (those with asura svabhAvam ).

9) TaathamAthrAdhi BhAvAth( Yennappan , Yennai PeRRavaLAI):
The Lord of ThiruviNNagar in His condescending grace (DayA)
is my Father, birth Mother and the other Mother, who
reared me as sevilitthAi.He is all these ! 

10) ChAyAcchAydhi BhAvAth( Nizhal Veyyil, SiruMai perumai--):
He is comforting cool shelter for the aasrithAs and 
the burning heat for those , who have asura svabhAvam. 
He is thus the indweller of both these opposite guNams.

Swamy Desikan concludes this 72nd SlOkam on ThiruviNNagarappan
with the statement that this is the way in which Swamy 
NammAzhwAr enjoyed and described the agaDithagaDana guNam of 
the Lord at this dhivya desam : agaDithagaDanam prAha 
KrishNam SaTHAri:   

Let us all pay our tribute to Swamy Desikan through 
support of the NithyArAdhanam for Him at His sannidhi 
in ThUppul. Please help in every way you can to realize 
the core funds to miantain nithyArAdhanam without 
interruption to Swamy Desikan at His birth place.
Nothing is more important than performance of 
Nithya AarAdhanam . The blessings from Swamy Desikan
are many and let us participate in this important kaimakryam.

The next DTR slOkam will be on Thirukkuruhoor Aadhi NaaTan,
the dhivya dEsa EmperumAn of AzhwAr Thirunagai , the birth place 
of Swamy NammAzhwAr ( TVM 4.10 ).

ThiruviNNagarappan ThiruvadigaLE SaraNam ,
Sri RanganAyaki SamEtha Sri RanganAtha ParabrahmaNE Nama: 
Daasan, Oppiliappan Koil VardAchAri SaThakOpan 

           - SrImate rAmAnujAya namaH -
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