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Date: Sat Jan 08 2000 - 16:24:56 PST
====================================================== ===========svAmi mudali-ANDAn (Part 2)================ ~~~~~~~~~written by tirumanjanam Sundara Rajan~~~~~~~~ ====================================================== The 74 'simhAsanAdhipati' personages. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Driven by an extraordinary passion for extending the outreach of religion to the laity, and guided by an immense faith (mahA-viSvAsam) in the Lord for his guide, uDaiyavar succeeded in identifying as many as seventy-four extraordinary men to tend the practical aspects of the religion, and to make vivid and relevant the message of religion. This single stage, a pioneering stage at that, of the noble AchArya's career is evidence that the social milieu itself was so fertile in traditional scholarship and spiritual attainments that it could yield, over a limited geographical area, such a high number of scholars and savants all at a time, to volunteer for (what had always been considered as) the materialistically unrewarding service of religion. It is important to note that uDaiyavar gave this band of personalities the honorofic of 'simhAsanAdhipati', and not any condescending title, even though they all prided themselves as his disciples only. They were all so many polymaths, like the figures of renaissance in Europe and the subsequent Age of Enlightenment. Each one of the convocation of 74 'simhAsanAdhipati' personages identified by uDaiyavar had proved to be an extraordinary choice in terms of his intellectual contribution to the 'sampradAyam', mobilising for construction tasks in the 'divya-dESam', alertness in safeguarding the temples (as kOyil kandADai aNNan was eventually to stave off repeated attacks of political and religious marauders from Srirangam) and the services, delicately cleansing off the centuries-old encrustation of societal insulation formed over the vibrant religious institutions with a view to demonstrating that divinity has no preferences of grace as between one or the other of His creatures. SrIrAmAnuja, his staff and the charm. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ The high affection in which uDaiyavar held ANDAn and AzhvAn came out in the episode of uDaiyavar seeking instruction from tiruk-kOTTiyUr-nambi. nambi had sternly instructed uDaiyavar to present himself all alone to receive instruction, but on the appointment, uDaiyavar came accompanied by ANDAn and AzhvAn. nambi who was initially upset, eventually accepted uDaiyavar's humble clarification that he had come alone after all, only that he carried with him his ascetic staff ('danDam') and charm ('pavitram') ~ as he referred to ANDAn and AzhvAn. In early times in Srirangam, only the temple functionaries lived inside the 'sapta-prAkAra', but uDaiyavar made a significant departure in favour of three persons, by allotting them residential ground in the 'seventh enclosure' itself. periya nambi (who was an AchArya of uDaiyavar, but mentally came to regard his disciple as his master instead) was granted occupation of SrI ALavandAr's maTha (monastery); ANDAn and AzhvAn were granted land facing nambi 'tirumALikai' on the east mADa / chitra street. In the shrine of nammAzhvAr in Srirangam, the icons of madhura-kavikaL and nAthamunikaL are also worshipped by his side. Likewise, ANDAn and AzhvAn are represented in images on both sides of entrance to the uDaiyavar 'sannidhi' as well as in several pUrvAchArya residences (tiru-mALikai) in Srirangam. mudali-ANDAn's service ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ uDaiyavar is admired for his administrative acumen, revered for his philosophic integrity, and adored for his surpassing compassion; he was like the clouds which bring their consoling showers, ~~ "kArEi karuNai-yirAmAnuSa" ~~ says amutanAr. He streamlined the entire administration of properties and revenues of the 'peria kOil' (Great Temple) ~~ "tiruvarankan Selva-muRRum tirutti-vaittAn". This was possible principally because he had entrusted ANDAn with the entirety of temple administration, in the capacity of SrI-kArya-dhurandhara, or ANDAn kuRaTTu-maNiam. It was tirumankai-mannan who had initially organised the temple functionaries into five groups. By the time uDaiyavar became responsible for the periya kOyil, he amplified the functions and organised the ten-fold temple 'parijanam' (functionaries). They were (1) tiruppatiyAr, (2) tiruppaNi-seyivAr, (3) bhAgavata nambi-s, (4) uLLUrAr and todavattimAr, (5) viNNappam seyivAr, (6) tiruk-karakak-kAiyAr, (7) sthAnattAr, (8) pattuk-kottu, (9) Arya-bhaTAL, and (10) dAsa-nambi-s. This reorganisation was known as 'uDaiyavar tiTTam'. Since ANDAn was made the chief of the entirety of mudalikaL (temple functionaries), dASarathi/ANDAn came to be known as mudali-ANDAn.