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SrI vishNu sahasra nAmam - Slokam 70 - kRtAgamah.

From: Narasimhan Krishnamachari (
Date: Thu Feb 21 2002 - 16:42:21 PST

661. kRtAgamah -  a) The Revealer of the sacred mantra-s to the
b) He who has propounded the pA'ncarAtra Agama-s.
	c) He Who has given us the Sruti-s and the smRti-s.
	d) He from Whom the kRta yuga emerged
	e) He who victoriously entered the gathering of His kith and kin after
slaying keSi
	f) He Who appears to His devotees again and again in whatever form
they desire.

om kRtAgamAya namah.

a) SrI BhaTTar explains the nAma as referring to His being the Revealer
of the mantra-s to those who are pure-minded.  Every mantra has
associated with it a mantra-drashTA, the Seer or sage who is associated
with the revelation of that mantra.  It is He who is in the form of the
mantra Itself, and reveals Himself to the mantra-drAshTA in the form of
the mantra.  Thus, His nAma as kRtAgamah.

b) SrI kRshNa datta bhAradvAj gives the derivation thus - kRto viracita
upadishTo vA Agamah pA'ncarAtra-SAstram yena iti kRtAgamah - He is
called kRtAgamah because He propounded the pA'ncarAtra Agama.  The
pA'ncarAtra Agama was given to us directly by bhagavAn, and thus has
the same authority as  the veda-s.  Readers are referred to the series
on pA'ncarAtra that has appeared in this list for more details on
pA'ncarAtra and its origin.

c) SrI Samkara interprets the term "Agama" in a generic sense to refer
to all Sruti-s and smRti-s, and  thus gives the interpretation that He
is called kRtAgamah because He is the author (originataor) of the
Agama-s - the Sruti-s and smRti-s.  He quotes bhagavAn's own words -
Sruti smRtI mamaiva A~jne - The Sruti and smRti are My commands.  Later
on in SrI vishNu sahasra nAmam, Sage vyAsa declares - vedAh SastrANi
vi~jnAnam etat sarvam janArdanAt - The veda-s, SAstra-s, wisdom, and
all these, came from janArdana (Lord vishNu).    

SrI aNNa'ngarAcArya gives the following crisp interpretation from
prabandham, which contains an ocean of thoughts - "kalaigaLum vedamum
nIdi nUlum kaRpagamum SoL poruL tAnum maRRai nilaigaLum vAnavarkkum
piRarkkum nIrmaiyinAl aruL Seidavar - peria tirumozhi 2.8.5" - He Who
gave the veda-s, vedAnta sUtra-s, itihAsa-s, kalpa sUtra-s, vyAkaraNa,
mImAmsA, etc., to the deva-s and to the mansuhya-s, by His sheer
kindness towards them.  

d) SrI cinmayAnanda gives yet another angle - consistent with the
interpretation that He is the Destroyer of brahmA at the time of
pralaya for the previous nAma, the current nAma can be interpreted as
One who then inaugurates the kRta yuga (kRta Agamah).  Thus, He is the
One into whom  the whole world dissolves at the time of pralaya, and
from whom the world re-emerges at the beginning of the next yuga.

e) SrI baladeva vidyAbhUshan continues his thoughts from the previous
Slokam dealing with keSi vadham, and gives the interpretation to the
current nAma that He is kRtAgamah because He finished off kESi and then
victoriously entered the assemblage of His kith and kin  (probably the
root he draws on is kR himsAyAm - to kill, and gam gatau - to go). 
Here kRta refers to the act of destruction of keSi, and Agamah refers
to His gamana or arrival in the midst of His kith and kin.

f) SrI satyadevo vAsishTha uses the roots kR karaNe - to do, and gam
gatau - to go,  to derive his meaning, and gives the following
interpretation - kRta Agamo yena sa kRtAgamah -BhagavAn does the act of
appearing to His devotees in whatever form they desire, in response to
the stuti of the stotrA-s of the devotees.   He bases his
interpretation on the Rg-vedic mantra 8.3.13-14:

	kadu stuvanta Rtayanta devata Rshih ko vipra ohate     |	
	kadA maghavan indra sunvatah kadu stuvata Agamah   ||

"What prayers shall we the mortals sing, so that You will appear in
response to the call of the priaser?"

The dharma cakram writer, in the issue of May 1998, describes the
Agama-s and the veda-s under the term darSana, and then gives a
detailed description of their different classifications  under the
groups of nyAya, vaiSeshika, mImAmsa, sAnkhya, yoga, and vedAnta.  He
also goes into further sub-classifications under these.  He points out
that all these different categories of darSana-s are provided to us by
bhagavAn Himself, or by those who are blessed with the right knowledge
by Him, in order to guide us towards Him.  This is the explanation for
the nAma kRtAgamah that is provided by the dharma cakram author.

-dAsan kRshNamAcAryan

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