You are here: Sri Vaishnava Home Page : Bhakti List : Archives : February 2002

Sri Vilakkoli Perumal, Thoopul/ThirutthaNkA dhivya Desam: Nithya AarAdhana kaimkaryam for VilakkoLi PerumAL and Swamy Desikan : Part XI:Eighth SlOkam

From: Sadagopan (
Date: Fri Feb 15 2002 - 14:04:54 PST


Dear BhakthAs:

Today , adiyEn will cover the Eighth slOkam 
of Sri SaraNAgathi DhIpikai , where Swamy Desikan
pays tribute to the Six GuNams behind the Lord 's 
name , BhagavAn and ubhaya linga Tatthvam of 

Jn~Anam Bhalam niyamana-kashamatA-aTa veeryam
  sakthisccha tEja ithi guNa-shaDgamAdhyam 
SarvAthisAyini HimavanOpanEsa Yasmin
  anthargathO jaghadhiva Thvayi sadhguNouga:

(Meaning): Oh Lord of ThirutthaNkA ! Oh DhIpa PrakAsA!
Although You possess limitless auspicious guNams ,
the group of Six ( Jn~Anam , Bhalam , Sakthi ,
Isvaryam, Veeryam and TEjas ) are the most prominent.
They surpass the ecellence of all the other guNams 
of Yours. In reality , Your name BhagavAn arises from
the possession of these guNams .All the other guNams are 
contained inside these six guNams. Just as in the time of
the great deluge (PraLayam/aavAnthara PraLayam) , 
the whole world (prabanjam) is housed in the tiny 
stomach of a child form of Sriman NaarAyaNan floating
on the leaf of a Pupil tree, the many and varied kalyANa 
guNAs of Sriman NaarAyaNan are housed inside 
the six pradhAna GuNams of our Lord. avai ivaikaLuil
pothinthu adangi uLLana .

Comments on the individual words of the SlOkam 
adiyEn will comment on the following words/pasages
of this slOkam :

1. Hima Upavana Isan
2. niyamana KashamathA
3. GuNa ShaDkam
4. sadhguNa Oga:
5. SarvAthisAyini Thvayi

1.Hima Upavana Isan : The Lord of ThirutthaNkA is
saluted in Sanskrit as Hima Upavana Isan ( HimOpavanEsan).
Hima is a word with many meanings: Cool , dewy , Moon,
Sandal tree, camphor , lotus, white khadira tree ,
arka and chitraka plants mentioned in aTarva Vedam.
The common feature of all the above names to denote 
"Hima" is coolness ( TaNN ).In the context of the Lord
DhIpa prakAsan of ThirutthaNkA , this coolness relates
to His comforting coolness that gives relief from 
the Taapa Thrayams of Scorching SamsAram . 

Vanam & Upavanam: Vanam means an uncultivated forest .
Upavanam is a cultivated grove or a pozhil or aarAmam
in the language of dhivya prabhnadham . Upavanam is 
thus a group of nandavanams fit for the Lord's sport.
Hima Upavanam thus refers to the cool gardens on the banks of
Vegavathi river . DhIpa PrakAsan is the Isan of this 
HimOpavanam and hence is addressed endearingly by
Swamy Desikan as "HimOpavanEsan".

2.Niyamana KshamathA: Among the six pradhAna guNAs 
of the Lord is one recognized as Isvaryam or VibhUthi. 
This Iswaryam of the Lord that is common to both
BhagavAn (ShADguNya SampoorNan) and His Piratti 
(Bhagavathi) consists of both LeelA VibhUthi
(this world) and Nithya VibhUthi (SrI Vaikuntam ).
Swamy Desikan salutes DhIpa prakAsan as the One 
with the power of ruling both these two Iswaryams.
This ruling power in Tamil is understood as "AaLum

3. GuNa Shadgam: The six PradhAna GuNams of Jn~Anam,
Bhalam , Iswaryam , Sakthi, Tejas and Veeryam are 
understood as the GuNa shaDgam or the sextet of
Mukhya GuNams of BhagavAn , Sriya: pathi.Out of 
these six guNams arise the three VyUha Moorthys 
according to PaancharAthram with a pair of the
above guNams.

4.SadhguNa Oga: the limitless (anantha) kalyANa
guNams of the Lord that fold into the above six 
dominant guNams.These are the naR guNak kootangaL
referred to in the SaraNAgathi gadhyam of AchArya
RaamAnujA and the SrI VishNu SahasranAmams.
" SadhguNa Oga: aadhyam guNa shaDgE anthargatha:"
is the message of Swamy Desikan.

5." SarvAthisAyini Thvayi jagadh iva anthargatha: ".
Just as the entire world (chEthanams and achEthanams)
are hidden and protected in Your small stomach 
during praLayam , so are the assembly of limitless
auspicious guNAs of Yours are contained inside 
the six pradhAna GuNams of Yours .

The word SarvAthisAyini is a beautiful one.
It means " YellaavaRRilum mEmpatta" or 
the One , who has no equal or superior and 
as such is the Para DEvathai. The entire
sixth chapter ( ParadEvathA PaaramArTyAdhikAram)
is devoted to establishing the Supermacy of
Sriman NaarayaNan .He has no equal or superior
among the gods. Swamy Desikan's emphasis is
that all the other gods are karma VasyarkaL
and are the crations of Sriman NaarAyaNan 
and as such do not have the power to grant moksha
anugraham. That power to grant freedom from 
the recurring cycles of birhts and  deaths 
is exclusively in the hands of this SarvAthisAyi. 

In the next sOkam , Swamy Desikan will salute
the role of Sriman NaarAyaNan ( SrI DhIpa PrakAsan
as the Aadhya Guru ( First AchAryan ) for 
the SrI VaishNava Guru Paramparai.

Sri Maragathavalli SamEtha Sri DhIpa PrakAsa ParabhramaNE Nama:
Swamy Desikan ThiruvadigaLE SaraNam,
Oppiliappan Koil VaradAchAri SaThakOpan(Sadagopan)

P.S : Please come forward and support the NithyArAdhana
Kaimkaryams at ThUppul for Swamy Desikan and His avathAra
sthala PerumAL, SrI DhIpa PrakAsan. Thank You all !  

           - SrImate rAmAnujAya namaH -
To Post a message, send it to:

Your use of Yahoo! Groups is subject to