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Sri Vilakkoli Perumal, Thoopul/ThirutthaNkA dhivya Desam: Nithya AarAdhana kaimkaryam for VilakkoLi PerumAL and Swamy Desikan : Part IX: Sixth SlOkam

From: Sadagopan (
Date: Mon Feb 04 2002 - 20:26:58 PST


Dear BhakthAs:

Today , adiyEn will cover the Sixth slOkam 
of Sri SaraNAgathi DhIpikai , where Swamy Desikan
covers the Isvara tatthvam extolled by GeethAchAryan in 
the 15th Chapter of Geethai ( PirushOtthama Yogam ):

aavisya dhArayasi vishvamamushya yanthA
  SEshi Sriya: pathirasEsha-tanur-nidhAnam
  jAnAthi yO jagathi sarvavidEsha gItha:

(Meaning): Oh ViLakkoLi PerumALE ! You enter into 
all objects of the Universe and uphold them.You rule
all these chEthanams and achEthanams with Your 
sankalpam (volition). You become the Sarva SEshi and 
make the fruits of the Universe as Your own fruits. 
Therefore , The sentients and the insentients become 
Your body (sarIram )and You stay inside them as 
the indweller (antharyAmi Brahmam ).You become 
the fundamental(root) cause for this Universe. 
You stay with Your Divine Consort without ever being 
separated from Her even for a fraction of a second. 
You are known as SriYa: pathi. The enlightened one 
recognizes these signs (lakshaNams) as the attributes of 
Your svaroopam as PurushOtthaman, the imperishable , 
Eternal Supreme Being (Akshara Brahmam).Oh Lord 
DhIpa PrakAsan ! You Yourself have praised such 
an enlightened Jn~Ani in Your GIthOpanishad as 
the  one, who comprehends every thing in this world .

Additional Comments: 
(1) Swamy Desikan addresses the Lord of ThirutthaNkA
and says: "( Thvam ) visvam aavisya dhArayasi". Swamy
Desikan echos here the GIthaa slOkam (15.13):
" ghAm-Avisya cha bhUthAni dhaarayAmi-aham-OjasA"
Here , GItAchAryan says that He enters the earth 
and upholds all beings by His strength(Ojas). 
The key words here are "Aavisya" and "dhArayAmi" . 
The antharyAmi BhrAmaNam states that the Lord 
enters all sentients and insentients and rules
them ( Ya: pruTivyAm thishtan --Ya: pruTvIm 
antharO yamayathi). AchArya RaamAnujA comments
in this context: "Aham pruTivIm aavisya sarvANi
bhUthAni OjasA apraTihatha saamarthyEna dhArayAmi".
( I enter all beings and through my unstoppable
valor and capability uphold them ). 

The word "aavisya" appears again in GIthai (15.17)
" YO lOka-thrayam aavisya Bibharthyavyaya Isvara:"
( He , who , as the immutable One and the Lord ,
entering the threefold world , supports it ).
Swamy Desikan underlines the GIthOpadesam 
pertaining to " lOka thrayam aasvisya " and 
"dhArayasi" in the beginning of the sixth slOkam. 
AntharyAmi Brahmam is then the First Lakshanam
(adayALam in Tamil).

2) The next key passage in this 6th slOkam is:
" (Thvam )amushya YanthA". amushya means this universe. 
He takes on the role of "YanthA" or NiyanthA 
(niyAmakan) or One who rules the world. The secod 
lakshaNam of the Lord is that He is the "amushya YanthA".

3)( Thvam sarva) "SEshi" : He is Swami(Supreme Lord )to all . 
This is the third lakshaNam that Swamy Desikan poits out.
He is "SEshi"(Master) and rest are all SEshans(subservients).
The Upanishad Vaakyam , "BhOkthA-BhOgyam-prErithAram 
cha mathvA " has to be remembered here. BhOkhthA is
the Jeevan; BhOgyam is the insentient prakruthi 
and its varieties; PrErithA is the Lord , who acts 
as the Lord of both Jeevan and prakruthi in His role
as Seshi .  

4)(Thvam) " asEsha Tanu:". This Lord has all 
the ChEthanmas and achEthanms as His body. 
This is the fourth LakshaNam of DhIpa prakAsan 
saluted by Swamy Desikan.

5)(Thvam) " Sriya: Pathi:". He is the Lord of MahA LakshmI.
That is yet another distinct lakshaNam. VishNU PurANam
passage is the pramANam here: " NithyaivaishA JaganmAthA
VishNO: SrI: anapAyini" . As the Mother of the Universe ,
She never leaves Her Lord's side and shines as "Nithyam
tath dharma DharmiNi" ( She accepts always the dharmams of 
Her Lord as Her own ) . She confers on Him the distinction
of being "Sriya: Pathi". 

6)"(Thvam ) NidhAnam" is the sixth lakshanam for
SrI ViLakkoLi PerumAL. He is recognized as the Adhi
KaaraNam ( primordial cause ). 

Swamy concludes the second  half of this slOkam
with  the declaration that the enlightened person
who recognizes the above PurushOtthama lakshaNams of 
the Lord is celebrated in Githai as the One , who
comprehends everything in the Lord's Universe:

"ithyAdhi LakshaNa gaNai: Ya: ThvAm PrushOtthamam
 jaanAthi, yEsha: jagathi SARVAVIDH  geetha: "

The GIthA slOkam 15.19 is the slOkam to which Swamy 
Desikan refers to here:

yO maamEvamasammUDO jaanAthi PurushOtthamam
sa sarvavidh bahajathi Maam sarva-bhaavEna Bhaaratha

(Meaning ): " He who, without delusion thus knows Me 
as the Supreme Self , KNOWS ALL (SARVAVIDH), Oh ArjunA ,
and worships Me in every way.

Thus in this sixth slOkam , Swamy Desikan has been 
saluting GIthAchAryan through the weaving of 
the words and passages from GIthOpanishad as
PramANams. He saw DhIpa PrakAsan as GIthAchAryan,
who drove away the darkness with His svayam prakAsam. 

Sri Maragathavalli SamEtha Sri DhIpa PrakAsa ParabhramaNE Nama:
Swamy Desikan ThiruvadigaLE SaraNam,
Oppiliappan Koil VaradAchAri SaThakOpan(Sadagopan)

P.S: Please come and join us in the NithyArAdhana Kaimkaryam
for Swamy Desikan and ThirutthaNkA Dhivya Dampathis. Your
participation and support for even a day's AarAdhanam will
be most appreciated by the Trust.

           - SrImate rAmAnujAya namaH -
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