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The First Thiru Adhyayana Uthsavm at Lord RanganAtha Temple at Pomona , NY : Dec 22-31, 2001---PART III, Swamy Desikan's Taathparya RathnAvaLi, DhramidOpanishad , Nigama parimaLam (Luptham).

From: Sadagopan (sgopan_at_computer.net)
Date: Sat Dec 15 2001 - 05:46:28 PST

                         
SrI:

AzhwAr AchAryan Udayavar ThiruvadigaLE saraNam 

Sri RanganAtha ParabrahmaNE Nama:

Dear RasikAs of AzhwAr's dhivya prabhandhams:

There are so many postings and monographs available 
on AzhwAr's Sri Sookthis .adiyEn referred to some of
them in my previous postings. 

adiyEn thought it will therfore be better to focus on
some rare commentaries on ThiruvAimozhi by Swamy Desikan
in Sanskrit and the Tamil Sri Sookthi of AchArya Hrudhayam
by Sri Azhagiya MaNavALa PerumAL NaayanAr during this
Thiruadhyayana Uthsavam season. adiyEn will start with 
Swamy Desikan's Sri Sookthis :

1. Nigama ParimaLam or the Seventy Four Thousand 
in MaNi PravALam has been identified as one of the most
copious commentary on ThiruvAimozhi of Swamy Desikan .
Due to our misfortune , this extraordinary Sri Sookthi is
no longer available to us. Swamy had already given us
Prabhandha Saaram ( 18 verses) on the blessed works of 
the 12 AzhwArs. Nigama parimaLam must have been 
a gigantic elaboration of the many superb insights
and upadEsams of Swamy Desikan on the Four Thousand 
Divine Collect.It is fortunate for us that Swamy 
Desikan's references to the many individual paasurams
of the AzhwArs are linked to many master pieces such as
Srimath Rahasya Thraya Saaram , Muni Vaahana BhOgam.
Madhura Kavi Hrudhayam is also lost today. Sri Sookthis
such as DehaLIsa Sthuthi ( on Lord Thrivikrama of
ThirukkovalUr and the Mudhal AzhwArs) , DeavanAyaka
PanchAsath , AshtabhujAshtaka , VegasEthu SthOthram ,
ParamArtha Sthuthi, VaradarAja Panchaa Sath,Bhagavath
DhyAna SopAnam ,AbhIthi Sthavam ,  GodhA Sthuthi ,
dhivya Desa MangalAsanam (Five verses eulogizing 
Sri Vaishnava  Shrines at Srirangam , Thriuppathi,
MelkOte, Kaanchipuram ) are linked to the SaraNAgathi
Three rahasyams  and Tatthva-Hitha -PurushArtha doctrines 
celebratd by the AzhwArs in their Paasurams .

2. DhramiDOpanishad-Taathparya RathnAvaLI(DTR) : 
*************************************************
This magnificent work containing 129 Sanskrit verses 
celebrates Swamy NammAzhwAr ThiruvAimozhi (DhramidOpanishad).
Swamy has already celebrated Swamy NammAzhwAr in Sri RanganAtha 
PaadhukA Sahasram as the SatAri of the Lord of Srirangam 
through 1008 divine Sanskrit verses .In DTR , the genius of 
Swamy Desikan is at work . Individual decades of ThiruvAimozhi
( usually 10 to 11 verses ) have been summarized in ONE 
Sanskrit verse. The first ten slOkams are Swamy Desikan's 
tribute to Swamy NammAzhwAr.This is followed up in slOkams 
11-123 with the 1102 Paasurams of ThiruvAimozhi (113 slOkams). 
The remaining six slOkams provide "a synoptic account " of 
the whole Sri Sookthi of DTR.

The great Acharyan , Abhinava Desika Sri UttamUr VeerarAghavAchAr
Swamy has blessed us with a rare commentary on DTR . The enormous
trouble that he has taken to check the various TaaLa Kosams
( Palm leaf manuscripts) , the suggestions for fixings of
uncertain sections will deserve our deepest gratitude always.
AdiyEn's summary on DTR will follow closely that of Sri UtthamUr
Swamy's Scholarly commentary .

3. DhramiDOpanishad Saaram(DS) : This brilliant work 
consisting of 26 Sanskrit verses give the essence of 
the ten sathakaas ( One hundred verses/Ten patthus ) of 
ThiruvAimozhi , which is revered as the Tamizh Upanishad
(Veda Siras).Dr.V.K.S.N. Raghavan , the author of 
the History of Sri VishishtAdhvaitha Literature has
pointed out that the last  slOkam of DS is found 
in SubhAshithanIvI of Swamy Desikan .

The structrue of Visadha Vaak SikhAmaNi , Sri MaNavALa
Maamuni's (1370-1444 C.E) ThiruvAimozhi NooRRanthAdhi 
has the pattern of Swamy Desikan's ( 1268-1369 C.E) DTR 
in the sense that both are distillations of the essence 
of the individual decads of ThiruvAimozhi. Together ,
DTR and ThiruvAimozhi NooRRanthAdhi gives brilliant
insights into Swamy NammAzhwAr's ThiruvuLLam in His 
magnum opus , ThiruvAimozhi. 

4. AchArya Hrudhayam:  This great Sri Sookthi is in 
the form of two prakaraNams , each of which has many
soothrams .The grantha karthA is Sri Azhagiya MaNavALa 
PerumAL NaayanAr , one of the two sons of Sri Vadakku 
Thiruveethi PiLLai ( author of Eedu 36,000 paDi ); 
the other son is the most revered Sri PiLlai LokAcchAr 
Swamy. Both sons of Sri Vadakku Thiruveethi PiLLai 
were naishtika BrahmachAris , who devoted their entire
lives to the service of Lord RangnAthan. Swamy PiLLai
LokaacchAr blessed us with ashtAdasa rahasyams . His younger
brother blessed us with 6000 Padi VyAkhyAnam for ThiruppAvai,
KaNNinuNN SiRutthAmpu commentary , PattOlai and
AchArya Hrudhayam. Both Swamy PiLLai LokAcchAr
and Swamy Azhagiya MaNavALa PerumAL NaayanAr
were contemproaries of Swamy VedAntha Desikan.
Srirangam and Lord RanganAthan must have enjoyed 
those rich days filled with the presence of
these great AchAryAs. 

Sri PrathivAdhi Bhayankaram AnnangarAcchArya Swamy 
of Kaanchipuram released a brilliant commentry on
"AchArya Hrudhayam " Of Anna Pukazh Mudumbai
Azhagiya MaNavALa perumAL NaayanAr in 1971 as a part of
the 600th anniversary celebration of Sri MaNavAla
Maamuni ,who has written a commnetary on AchArya 
Hrudhayam . adiyEn will follow the vyAkhyAnam of
Sri PBA Swamy in my future postings on AchArya Hrudhayam.

>From the shade of Sriranga VimAnam on the banks of Hudson River,
adiyen appeals to all BhakthAs and rasikAs of AzhwAr's
AruLiccheyalkaL to help celebrate the forthcoming 
Thiruadhyayana Uthsavam at Sri RanganAthA temple ,
Pomona , NY and join the celebrations (Dec 22- 31,2001).

Sri RanganAyaki SamEtha Sri RanganAtha parabrahmaNE Nama: 
Daasan, Oppiliappan Loil VardAchAri SatakOpan 



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