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Selected excerpts from MahA VidvAn Sri U.Ve. PerukkAraNai Swamy's ThiruppAvai Monograph: Part XIX-> Twelfth day : kanaitthiLam KanRu Yerumai Dinam

From: Sadagopan (
Date: Tue Dec 26 2000 - 19:11:09 PST

Sriamthyai Godhayai Nama:
SrimathE RaamAnujAya Nama:

Dear BhakthAs:

In the previous paasuram , ANDAL awakened the sleeping
Gopi with her father in mind ( KOVALAR tamm poRRkkodiyE);
here She awakens the Gopi with her brother in mind( NaRRc-
chelvan TangAi).This brother is the one , who watches over
KrishNa from getting into trouble and accompanies KrishNa
every where like His shadow(JananyAcchAr Swamy).

Who is this Brother of the Gopi ?
Abhinava Desikan paints a marvellous portrait of 
this naRRc-chelvan , who is the brother of the Gopi.  
He is an antharanga daasan for KrishNa like ILaya perumAl 
to Raamachandran with great kaimkarya Sri ( LakshmaNO 
Lakshmi Sampanna:).He is a "naRRc-Chelvan" in the sense
that he possesses Jn~Ana sampath as well as BrahmAnubhavam 
and anubhava parivAha Kaimkarya Sampath . PoorvAchAryAs have
suggested that this "NaRRc Chelvan" is SridhAman .
He is engaged in Ajn~A and anujn~A kaimkaryam 
and priorotizes the two and accomodates them as per 
the directions of AchArya paramparai( manishI vaidhikAchAram 
manasApi na langayEth). AjnA( Kaimkaryam commanded by the Lord
as a must) can not be abandoned ever. anujn~A kaimkaryam 
( virumpi cheythal) produces BhagavAn's preethi. If one
could not do anuj~nA for understandable reasons , the Lord is
not angry at the chEthanam . If the same chEthanam 
casts away the Ajn~A Kaimkaryam , which are his command ,
the the Lord will be angry .

On this day , the brother of this Gopi had to attend to
a kaimkaryam for KrishNa and was out of his house. This 
was a prabhala nimmittham( Special event).To attend to
this visEsha kaimkaryam , the brother left the buffalos 
unmilked .The rules of the Saasthram are to perform
Bhagaavth Kaimkaryam ,if it happens to come in between 
even nithya (Ajn~A ) kaimkaryam , and then go back to 
that nithya kaimakryam.

That was what this borther of the Gopi was doing by
letting the buffalos unattended , while performing
the Lord's kaimakryam.He belonged to the group of
Kaimakrya ParALs described by PeriyAzhwAr: " Unakku 
PaNi seythirukkum tavam udayEn".ANDAL performs 
DharmOpadesam for us here on the importance of 
conducting nithya-Naimitthika KarmAs and the rules 
to priorotize them , if Bhagaavth-BhAgavatha 
kaimkaryam comes into focus in between.

This Gopi has the family attributes of her brother,
who is a VivEki and Saasthraj~nan (Expert in Saasthra
Jn~Anam). Hence , she is being addressed as "naRRc-
Chelvan TangAi". She is hence an Utthama adhikAri.

Literal meaning of the Paasuram (Dr.V.K.S.N. Raghavan)
Oh Younger sister of the rich cowherd , whose house 
is rendered muddy and slushy by the profuse milk flowing 
from the udders of the (unmilked) She-buffalo , who thinks 
of her calf , and with great affection spots out abundant 
milk! Even when we have come all the way to the entrance of 
your house , unmindful of the heavy dew-fall on our head ,
and even when we sing (in chorus) to our heart's content ,
the glory of the dear Lord (viz)., RaamA , who has slain  
angrily the emperor of LankA in the south , nevertheless,
you do not respond to us at all and have not opened your
mouth . Atleast , kindly get up now ! Why do you prolong
your sleep? People in all other houses have already 
woken up . 

The Inner Meanings of the Padha Vaakyams
(1)NaRRc Chelvan TangAi(Sri PBA Swamy)
We have to group together the eleventh and twelfth
ThiruppAvai paasurams ( kaRRuk KaRavai and KanaitthiLam
KaRRerumai) to comprehend the Visesha SaasthrArtham on
Aj~na and anuj~nA kaimkaryams . For the GopAs , 
"kaRavik KaNaNangal pala KaRanthu" ( milking the cows
referred to in the 11th Paasuram) is their kruthyam.
In the 12th Paasuram that is not mentioned ; the she-buffalo 
is not being milked . The Gopan(naRRc Chelvan)
has gone to attend to Lord's kaimkaryam interrupting 
his nithya kaimakryam of his kulam .He has gone on a
Kaimkaryam commanded by KrishNa. This act of kaimkaryam
to KrishNa is captured by PeriyAzhwAr (3.4.3):
" surihayum terivillum seNDu kOlum mElAdayum thOzhanmAr 
koNDO , oru Kaiyaal oruvan tann thOLai oonRi".This Gopan
is with the Raaja GopAlan at His command and therefore has 
difficulty in performing the karmAs prescribed for 
his jaathi (viz)., milking the cows and buffalos at
appropriate times .The AchArya Hrudhaya Soothram ,
" JaathyAsrama dheekshaikaLil bhEthikkum dharmangal
pOlE ". refers to this sookshmam .Here , the VishNu
PurANa slOkam and its commentary by PeriyavaachAn PiLlai 
is also referred to:

"Yathi saknOshi gaccha thvam athi-sanchala chEshtitha

As per this slOkam ,YasOdhA tied up BalakrishNan
to control His roaming and then only went about 
Her duties.

(2) MULAI VAZHIYE PAAL SORA (Abhinava Desikan): 
Yerumai's udder has four Kaampus.The Jna~na  paal 
that flows through the four these outlets have been 
intrepreted as either the essence of Four Vedams or 
the essence of Sruthi ,Smruthi , PaanchrAthra and dhivya-
Prabhandham milk ( Abhinava Desikan ).Sri PBA Swamy has 
identified this overflowing milk a s Sri BhAshyam , GeethA
BhAshyam , Bhagavath Vishayam and rahasyams .

(3)VAASAL KADAIP PARRI:The Gopis outside say that they
could have come inside and awakened the sleeping Gopi
but they could not do so because the muRRam was slushy and 
muddy with the overflowing milk .Hence , they stay outside 
holding the door step with the dew falling on their heads
(Abhinava Desikan).

(4) MANATTHUKKU INIYAANAI: This is addressed to Raaman 
and therefore is Raama sabdham . "RamayathI ithi Raama:" 
is the definition of His name .KaNNan , who was with
the Gopis in Gokulam is "KaNNukku IniyAan " (Sweet  to
the eyes). Raaman , who hs completed His Vibhava avathAram
could not be seen by the Gopis ; they can only think 
about His oudhAryam and "ripuNAmapi Vathsala " gunam
( affection even towards His enemies).Hence , they have
Raaman in mind , when they use the word " manattukku 
iniyAnai" (Abhinava Desikan).

(5) NARR CHELVAM(Abhinava Desikan/A.D): This means 
auspicious wealth .That wealth is Prapatthi(Saadhya Bhakthi) ,
which is superior to UpAya Bhakthi.NaRR-Chelvan is that 
PuNyasAli (tapasvi) who is blessed with Moksha Siddhi
by an anushtAnam that is KshaNa karthavyam ( Saadhya
Bhakthisthu saa hanthrI prArabdhasyApi bhUyasI).

(6) EETHENNA PERURAKKAM?: How can you have ajn~Anam ,
when you are the sister of this "NaRRc Chelvan"?(A.D)

(7)ANAITTHILLATTHARUM ARINTHU: That which should not only be 
enjoyed by the  mind , but should also be talked about ,
since every one is eligible to perform that rite .
That rite is Prapatthi (A.D).

Summary of Sri PerukkAraNai Swamy's SvApadEsam
Mother MahAlakshmi thinks about Her young children
(chEthanams) and She has nirvEdham for them because
of their suffering and takes great pity (daya) on them .
She feeds them the milk of JnA~na through Her
breasts ( mulai vazhiyAha) copiously until the heart 
of the chEthanam is drenched( ("ninRu sOra nanaitthu 
seRu aakkum") and the chEthanam becomes the possessor
of limitless , evergrowing  Jn~Ana sampath . Oh beautiful
lady , the sister of the possessor of such visEsha Jn~anam!
Please achieve through pancha samskAram  the vivEkam
banishing dEhathma bramam and take refuge at 
the sacred feet of the Lord , who is the embodiment of 
Sathyam , Jn~Anam , anantham , amalam and Aanandam .
That prapatthi removes ancient prArabdha karmAs.It is 
easy to practise by anyone.Knowing how easy it is to
practise , please awaken .The BhagavathAs around You 
have known the KshaNa phala daayakam of Prapatthi
and have performed Prapatthi.Why you alone have 
the tendency to stay in the darkness of SamsAra
kaaLa Raathri ? 

ANDAL, Azhagiya Singar ThiruvadigaLE SaraNam 
RaamAnuja Daasamn, Oppiliappan Koil VaradAchAri SatakOpan   


           - SrImate rAmAnujAya namaH -
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