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From: Sadagopan (sgopan_at_computer.net)
Date: Wed Aug 05 1998 - 04:51:53 PDT
Dear BhakthAs : Yesterday I wrote about the Saazhal Paasurams of Thirumangai , where he enjoyed the Bhagavadh GuNAnubhavams of Vibhava moorthys , RaamA and KrishNA . During this Brahma mUhUrtham , I will write about another conversation between Gopis as reported this time by PeriyAzhwAr ( PeriyAzhwAr Thirumozhi: 3.9 ). The Gopis engage here in another playful celebration centered around Bhagavadh GuNAnubhavanm known as "Unthi Paratthal " . The ChEshtithams (leelAs ) of KrishNAvatharam and RaamAvathAram are celebratd here by a group of Gopis . One Half of them are Raama ChaithanyAs and the other half are KrishNa ChaithanyAs . This simultaneous hailing of the glories of the two Vibhava AvathArams at one times is considered equivalent to the Nithya Sooris taking many bodies at Parama padham to serve the Lord in many ways and praise His guNams thru such means .This situation is similar to the play of children , where they shout , my Father is stronger than Yours , My father is richer than Yours etc . Ishta DevathA prArthanai and NamaskaraNam is a well documented phenomenon in the Bhakthi mode of celebrating our Lord . A great KrishNa chaithanyA , LeelA Sukhar , the author of the sweet KrishNa KarNAmrutham said to Sri RaamA , who appeared before him once to go away and come back with flute in hand , peacock feather ( MaayUra Barham )and VanamAlai around His neck so that He can receive LeelAsukhar's worship . The sloKam is as follows : vihAya Kodhanda sarou muhUrtham gruhANa paaNou maNi chAru vENum maayUra bharham cha nijOtthamAngE SITAAPATHE tvAm praNayAmi pascchAth LeelAsukhar Says " Oy ! SeethApathi ! Please put aside your KodhaNdam and arrows for a short while , take on the beautiful flute of in Your hand , wear the peacock feather in Your black tresses and THEN I will prostrate before You ". Raama ChaithanyAs like Saint ThyagarAjA or the SankarAchAryA of Kanchi Paramparai , who was another Raama ChaithanyA par excellenece are Raama pathivrathAs . They asked KrishNA to go away and asked Him to assume the Vesaham of Raaman so that they will pay attention . Coming back to PeriyAzhwAr's paasurams referred to above , the pala sruthi says that those who recite these ten paasurams would have no sufferings of any kind in their lives ( Senthamizh Tenn Puthuvai Vittuchitthan sol , iynthinodu Iynthum vallArkku ALLAL ILLAIYE ) . I will give two examples of these unthi paratthal paasurams of Gopis as recorded by PeriyAzhwAr . One Gopi says : " Hail the Glory of my Lord KrishNA , who in order to fulfil the desire of His beloved consort , SathyabhAmA moved the blooming PaarijAtham tree from the garden of IndrA and planted in the courtyard of SathyabhAmA . Let us praise His valour " . The Other Gopi responds : " Hail the pourusham (Valor) of my RaamA ,the son of DasarathA , who took away the power and bow of haughty ParasurAmA , who challenged His valor ; and hail that Maha Veeran , who also killed the demoness TatakA by wielding His KoDhandam " . All of Divya Prabhandham , which in the assessment of Dr. S.M.S. Chari is the distillation of doctrines housed in Upanishads , the Paancha rAthra aagamam , the IthihAsAs and PurANAs and is rich in celebration of SavisEsha Brahma Vaadham aspects of saluting the Para Brahmam .The uniqueness of Sri VisishtAdhvaitham as elaborated by AchArya RaamAnujA " identifies this metaphysical Absolute " with the personal God " of our Darsanam .Thirumangai has correctly observed earlier in this context that Our Lord Sriman NaarAyanA as the One in the form of the sound of Tamil and who is also in the form of the Sanskrit Word ( senthiRatthat TamizhOsai VadasollAhi--niRkum anthaNanai maRavAthenrum vAazhthiyEl VaazhalAm maDa nenjE-- ThirunedumhtAnDakam : 4 ). Dr.S.M.S. Chari Quotes in this context an assessment by the AchAryA of AchArya Hrudhayam about Bhagavadh GuNAnubhavam being the heart of ThiruvAimozhi and links the ten centums to the following ten Central themes : 1. ParathvA or NarAyaNaa as the supreme being 2. KaaraNathvA or the Supreme Lord as the primamry cause of this Universe 3. VyApakathvA or His abiding at all times and in all sentient and non-sentint entities both within and outside . 4. NiyanthrythvA or He is the Controller of ALL. 5. KaaruNIkathvAm or His limitless compassion 6. SaraNyathvam or His role as the sole refuge for ALL. 7. Sakthithvam Or His unquestioned power to protect ALL. 8. SatyakAmathvam or He is endowed with KalyANa guNAs (auspicious attributes ) and VibhUthis (auspicious wealth ) 9. Aapathsakhathvam or His real friendship for the BhakthAs in distress . 10. Aarhtiharathvam or His unfailing response to His devotees, when they long to attain Him ( vde: Aarthi Prabhandham of MaNavALa Maamuni). The entire Divya Prabhandham celebrating the three rahasyams symbolized by the EmperumAns of Srirangam ( mUla manthram ) , Kaanchi ( Dhvayam ) and ThiruvEnkatam ( Carama SlOkam ) is abundant with Bhagavadh GuNAnubhavam by our " theistic mystics", the great AzhwArs . The recent book of Dr.S.M.S. Chari that I referred to frequently is one of the best books dealing with the "Theistic Mysticism " of AzhwArs and their unique status in our SampradhAyam .Actually , Dr.Chari has coined this word , "Theistic Mystics " to describe appropriately the unquenes of the AzhwAr's anubhavams . Thanks to Sri KrishNa Kalale , I had the good fortune to get a copy of this wonderful book , which has to be read again and again to appreciate the enormous scholarship and insights of this great Sri VaishNavite Scholar , who impartially analyses and soberly points out the essential meanings of the life and works of the AzhwArs in his new book . Dr. Chari's earlier book on Sri Vaishnavism is a Master piece in its own rights for those , who wish to know about the profound doctrines and ancient history of our Darsanam . This new book is a special and focussed study on AzhwArs and their special brand of mysticism . Dr.Chari steers clear of traditional controversies and very unemotionally puts the facts in front of us and with his blemishless scholarship and the anugrahams of his great AchAryAs ( Sri Goshtipuram Swami and MathurAnthakam Sri VeerarAghavAcchAr Swamy ). He has given us a truly brilliant work on the Philosophy and Theistic Mysticism of the AzhwArs ." I pray to our SaraNyan to bless Dr.S.M.S. Chari for long and healthy life to bless us with more such granthams . AdiyEn , Oppilaippan Koil VaradAchAri Sadagopan P.S: Please do not Forget your support for AchArya RaamAnujA CD ROM Kaimkaryam and rush your funds to Sri Dileepan . If Achaarya RaamAnujA had not directed PiLLaan to write the first commentary on Bhagavadh Vishayam , it is hard to imagine how the Ubhaya vedAntha SiddhAntham would have flourished . Thanks to you all supporters .