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Sri HayagrIva SthOthram: Part VI: Padham 2 of SlOkam 1, " AadhAram Sarva VidhyAnAm hayagrIvam UpAsmahE "

From: Sadagopan (sgopan_at_computer.net)
Date: Wed Aug 16 2000 - 20:12:43 PDT

Sri Hayavadhana ParabrahmaNE Nama:
Srimath Azhagiya Singar ThiruvadigaLE SaraNam

Dear BhakthAs:

In this posting , adiyEn will focus on the second 
Paadham of Sri HayagrIva SthOthram saluting Him as
" AadhAram Sarva VidhyAnAm " ( as the foundation for
all the VidhyAs , Para and Apara vidhyAs ). 
 
There is a slOkam in Sri Hayagriva Sahasra Naamam
that connects the Suddha Spatika Roopam of Lord
HayagrIvan that sends out in all directions 
the amrutha (nectraine) kiranams (waves )of
Jn~Anam like the cool rays of the Full Moon :

Chandra MaNDala madhyasTha SvEthAmbhoruha Vishtara:
jyOthsnAyamAnaanga ruchi nirdhUtha-anthar-bahis-tama: 

Here , Sri HayagrIvan is visualized as being seated
in the middle of cool Chandra maNDalam on a spotless ,
white Lotus ; He  drives away the inner 
and outter darkness (Tamas) that engulfs one 
with His rejuvenating radiance .This He does with 
His dhivya KatAksham alone. 

This Tamo-haran (destroyer of Aj~nam ) is saluted 
again beautifully by the following section of
Sri HayagrIva AshtOtthara SthOthram: 

aj~nana naasakO Jn~Ani PoorNachandra sama prabha:
Jn~adhO Vaakpathir yOgi yOgisa: sarvakAmadha:

MahA yOgi MahA Mouni MounIsa: SrEyasAmpathi:
Hamsa : Paramahamsasccha ViswagOpthA VirAD SvaarAD

Suddha Spatika sankAsO JaDAmaNDala samyutha:
AadhimadhyAntharahitha: Sarva VaagIsvarEsvara:

These passages of Sri HayagrIva AshtOttharam 
salute Sri HayagrIvan as :(1) the Destroyer of 
Ajn~Anam ( Aj~na naasakan) , (2) Jn~Ani, MahA 
Yogi, Yogisan , Jn~Ana Daayakan for Yogis, 
(3)Parama Hamsa AvathAran , who incarnated as
the Swan to teach the VedAs to Brahmaa , His
son , just as a Swan can separate Saaram (Milk)
from AsAram ( water), (4) Aadhi-madhya -antha
rahithan ( One who has neither beginning nor middle 
nor end , (5)ViswagOpthA (Protctor of this world
from Aj~nam and ViparItha Jn~Anam) , (5) VirAD-
SvarAD ( VirAd Purushan of Purusha Sooktham 
and undisputed Emperor of the Universe created
by Him , (6) SrEyasAM pathi: ( the Lord of ALL
auspicousness , (7) Suddha Spatika sankAsan 
( With the blemishless hue and lustre of 
Spatikam ) and (8)Sarva VaagIsvarEsvaran 
( The Emperor of all gods of Knowledge and
(9) MahA Mouni , MounIsan ( The great silent 
Teacher , who imparts knowledge even without
verbal instruction ).

These passages put in perspective the 
Sarva VidhyA Aadhara svarUpam of Lord HayagrIvan.

What are some of the Vidhyais for which He is AadhAram?
********************************************************

One of the Sri HayagrIva Sahasra Naamam gives
a clue: " Veda VedAntha SaasthrArtha Tatthva 
VyAkhyAna TathparAya nama:" ( The One , who is 
exclusively devoted to and eagerly engaged in
the intrepretation of the deeper meanings of 
Vedams, Upanishads , Saasthrams and Tatthvams
for the AchArya SaarvabhoumAs/PandithAs and 
PaamarAs). 

In MunDaka Upanishad , there is a conversation between
Angiras (the AchAryan) and SaunakA (the sishyan) ,
which deals with the Vidhyais that Lord HayagrIvan
teaches are covered .These are:

"dhvE VidhyE VedithavyE ithi ha sma yadh
 BrahmavidhO Vadanthi PARAA CHAIVAAPARAA "
 Mundaka Upanishad: 1.1.4

(Meaning): There are two kinds of Knowledge
(Vidhyai) , namely , AparA and parA-lower and
higher-Vidhyais.So say those ( the great seers of 
Upanishads)who know Brahman . 

The Next Manthram talks about the "lower
knowedge " ( apara vidhyai) :

tathAparA RgvEdhO YajurvEdhO
 SaamavEdhO Atharva vEdha: SikshA
KalpO VyAkaraNam niruktham chandhO JyOthishamith
 Atha ParA yayaa Tadhaksharam adhigamyathE

(meaning): The Four VedhAs , Six VedhAngAs 
( SikshA/Phonetics, Kalpa/Code of rituals,
VyAkaraNa/Grammar , Niruktha/etymology ,
Chandas/metre and JyOthisha/astrology ) are
Apara Vidhyais or the lower knowledge that
yield Brahma Jn~Anam .

The Higher knowledge( Para Vidhyai)is that 
which leads to immortality or " That which goes 
beyond the word meaning in language". Para Vidhyai 
teach the wise (DheerA:) about the Akshara Brahmam , 
who is Nithyam (eternal),Vibhum ( Full of VibhUthi ) , 
Sarvagatham ( all-pervading ) , BhUthayOnim ( source of
all creation). LORD HAYAGRIVAN TEACHES BOTH 
APARAA AND PARAA VIDHYAIS . aparaa gives Brahma
Jn~Anam and Paraa leads to Brahma SaakshAthkAram ,
which is the exclusive domain of Jn~Anis saluted
by GeethAchAryan as the ones dearest to Him.

BrahmOpAsanam based on the seven principles
attributed to Brahmanandhi by AchArya RaamAnujA 
in his Sri Bhaashyam ( VivEkam , VimOgam , AbhyAsam ,
Kriyai , kalyANam ,AnavasAdham and Anuddharsham )
constitute apara vidhyai. The fruit of that
BrahmOpAsanam with Lord HayagrIvan's anugraham
is Brahma SaakshAthkAram , the Para Vidhyai.
Both are made possible by the SarvAdhAra
VidhyA Tathparan, Sri HaygrIvan. 

The Moksha-para VidhyAs are 32 in number 
and are taught in ChAndhOgya Upanishad,
which is a Saama Upanishad . UdhgItha 
PraNavam saluted as Amrutham and Abhayam 
in BrahmOpAsanam will be covered later in
detail since Lord HayagrIvan is recognized
as PraNava Udhgitha SvarUpan or PraNava
UdhgItha Vachas . In this posting , we
will just list without going into detail
some of these 32 VidhyAs housed in
ChAndhOgya , BrahadhAraNya and KoushIdaki
Upanishads .Some of these VidhyAs are:

1.Madhu Vidhyai

2.Gaayathri Brahma Vidhyai. This one is
particularly appropriate on this day after 
Gaayathri Japam to reflect upon.

3.Koukshaya JyOthir Vidhyai

4.SaanDilya Vidhyai

5.Kosa Vij~Nanam

6.Purusha Vidhyai

7.Raigva Vidhyai

8.ShOdasa Kalaa Brahma Vidhyai

9.PrANa Vidhyai

10.PanchAgni Vidhyai

11.VaisvAnara Vidhyai

12. Sadh Vidhyai

13. BhUma Vidhyai

14.Dahara Vidhyai

15. PurushAthma Vidhyai

16.BaalAki Vidhyai

17. MythrEyi Vidhyai

18. Paryanga Vidhyai

19.Pradhardhana Vidhyai et al

AdiyEn will conclude this posting on
the second and final Paadham of the First
slOkam of Sri HaygrIva SthOthram with
a passage from Sri HayagrIva Sahasra nAma
Phala sruthi:

VidhyA SaamrAjya sampatthi Mokshaika phala Saadhanam
Sarvavith svAthma-bhAvEna paramam padham AapnuyAth 

Another passage from the Sri HayagrIva Sahasra Naamam
sums up the phalan of this Sarva VidhyA aadharan 
this way:

AshtAksharaika NishtAnAm Kaaryam VaikuNtam arpayan
SaraNAgathi NishtAnAm SaakshAth Vaikuntam arpayan

The Vaikunta Kaaryam hinted here is Nithya ,
Niravadhya Kaimkaryam to Parama Padha Naathan 
and His dhivya Mahishis at His Sri Vaikuntam .

DaasAnu Daasan ,Oppiliappan Koil V.SatakOpan   
       


  
 
       







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