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SrI vishNu sahasranAmam - Slokam 61 - Part 2.

From: Narasimhan Krishnamachari (champakam_at_yahoo.com)
Date: Sat Aug 05 2000 - 17:47:42 PDT

				SrI vishNu sahasranAmam - Slokam 61 - Part 2.

	
576. divi-spRk - He Who touches the skies.

a) through His knowledge
b) by His being not only in the form of this Universe, but also far
beyond it.
c) By His vAmana incarnation.
d) By His viSva rUpa revealed to arjuna.
e) By His being the antaryAmi for sUrya and the other planets.


Om divi-spRSe namah.

a) SrI BhaTTar interprets the nAma as referring to the unbounded extent
of His knowledge.  By His para vidyA (brAhmic or Supreme knowledge), He
touches the mystic nature of His Reality as it is in the paramapada.  
SrI v.v. rAmAnujan gives reference to tiruvAimozhi 3.1.9 - mazhu~ngAda
j~nAnamE paDaiyAga tozhumbAyArkkaLittAn.  

b) It can also mean that He resides in His para form in the regions far
beyond the skies.  The Sruti declares that one-fourth of His form is in
the form of this Universe, and three-fourths is beyond the Universe
(tripAdsyAmRtam divi - chAndogyopanishad 3.12.6) (SrI rAdhAkRshNa
SAstri).

c) SrI kRshNa datta bhAradvAj gives the nAma as divah spRk, and
explains that in the vAmana incarnation, bhagavAn touches the skies
while measuring the three feet of land that were promised to Him by
mahAbali - vAmanAvatAre SrI bhagavAn sva caraNa kamalena vardhamAnena
divam pasparSa.

d) SrI cinmayAnanda gives the interpretation that He revealed His
Universal form to arjuna as divah spRk.

e) SrI satyadevo vAsishTha gives references to the Sruti to interpret
the association with divi as referring to the sun.    

	vAtasya nu mahimAnam rathasya rujanneti stanayannasya ghoshah   |
	divi-spRgyAtyaruNAni kRNvannuto eti pRthivyA reNumasyan   ||  (Rg.
10.168.1)

He points out that the terms divi-kshayam, divi-kshitA, divi-carAh,
divi-jAh, divi-yajah, divi-yonih, divi-Sritah, divishadah, divi-sadam,
etc., are used repeatedly in the veda-s to refer to the sun.  So he
interprets the nAma divi-spRk as referring to bhagavAn as the antaryAmi
of the sun and all the graha-s that are in the skies.  

577. sarva-dRk - The All-seer.

a) He who sees everything - the totality of para tattvam..
b) He who is in the form of knowledge of all forms.
c) He who is the Creator of all forms that can see under different
conditions.


Om sarva-dRSe namah.
 
a) sarvasya drashTA sarva-drk - He who has realized  the totality of
the para tattvam.  The nirukti description is "sarva darSanAt
sarva-dRk".  sarva-dRk means He who is Omniscient - He who sees
everything, He who is the eye of all.   SrI v.v. rAmAnujan gives
reference to tiruvAimozhi 3.10.10 - taLarvinRiyE enRum e~ngum paranda
tani mudal j~nAnam.  

b) sarva-dRk can mean "j~nAnam, knowledge".  He who is in the form of
knowledge of all forms ( P. SamkaranArAyaNan - BhavAn's Publications). 

c) SrI satyadevo vAsishTha elaborates on His being able to see
everything, from another viewpoint.  He points out that bhagavAn has
created all the different creations that can see in water, in air, in
space, and even in darkness.  He has spread Himself in the Universe in
diverse forms which are endowed with bodies to suit these different
conditions, and equipped with indirya-s which make them function well
under these different circumstances.  Ants can smell from very far
away, there are birds that can hear from a long distance away, the
camel can drink water and store it for a long time, etc.    

578. vyAsah - The Arranger.

a) He who arranged the veda-s into its four divisions, the purANa-s
into 18, etc.
b) He who divided time as well as His creation into its various
sub-divisions (e.g., day and night, Sukla paksha and kRshNa paksha, man
from woman, sUrya from candra, etc.) 
c) He whose ornaments (like kaustubha) shine distinctly.

Om vyAsAya namah.

SrI BhaTTar gives the interpretation that because bhagavAn divided the
veda that was originally in a single form into its four divisions (Rg,
yajus, sAma, and atharva), He has the name vyAsa - vibhajanstu caturdhA
vai vedamekam trikAlavit iti vyAsah.  This was done by bhagavAn in His
incarnation as vyAsa just to make it easier for people whose knowledge
diminishes in accordance with the changes of the four yuga-s.  

SrI Samkara gives the interpretation in terms of  the division of the
veda-s, and also refers to the division of the purANa-s - anyAni ca
purANAni vyastAni anena iti vyAsah.  

SrI satyadevo vAsishTha gives the derviation "vyasyante - pRthak
kriyante anena iti vyAsah -  He by whom things are separated or divided
is vyAsa.  He then suggests that the nAma can be interpreted based 
bhagavAn being the One who separates day from night, dakshiNAyana from
uttarAyaNa, Sukla paksha from kRshNa paksha etc.  He also separates
sUrya from candra, and for that matter makes this world function by its
various divisions.

SrI kRshNa datta bhAradvAj gives yet another dimension to the
interpretation - (yasya kaustubhAdIni AbharaNAni viSeshena asanti
dIpyanti sa vyAsah) - He whose ornaments like the kaustubha shine
distinctively is known as vyAsah.  

SrI Samkara and the others who follow his vyAkhyAna have interpreted
the above two nAma-s together as one nAma - sarva-dRk vyAsah.  It can
simply mean "The omniscient vyAsa".  SrI cinmayAnanda has given perhaps
the best interpretation for the single nAma- He who creates many
omniscient men of wisdom. One who encourages the spread of knowledge
and thus turns out many men of wisdom and clearer understanding of life
and the world.  

579 (218):  vAcas-patih - The Master of words.

Om vAcaspataye namah.

This nAma has occurred earlier as nAma 218.  Please refer to Slokam 23
for the interpretation provided therein.   SrI BhaTTar interprets the
current occurrence as referring to vyAsa's authorship of the
mahAbhArata - He is the Master of words which are in the form of the
fifth veda - i.e., mahAbhArata.  SrI v.v. rAmAnujan gives reference to
tiruvAimozhi 5.6.8 - "uraikkinRa munivarum yAnE".

SrI Samkara interprets the nAma as "vAco vidyAyAh patih vAcaspatih" -
The Master of all learning.   He interprets this nAma along with the
next one together as one nAma - vAcaspatir-ayonijah - He who is the
Master of all learning, and who is not born in a mother's womb.

SrI rAdhAkRshNa Sastri comments that one who has mastered the words
also does not waste words, and is precise.  This certainly applies to
bhagavAn giving us all the instructions for all aspects of life
concisely in the form of the veda-s, the brahma sUtra-s etc.

SrI cinmayAnanda gives the interpretation that the nAma means "One who
is eloquent in championing the Supreme Law of life".  It almost seems
like he had gItAcAryan in his mind.  

Some people have interpreted the term vAcah to refer to sarasvati, and
thus conclude that vAcaspatih refers to brahma, the pati of sarasvati. 
BhagavAn being the antaryAmi of brahma will justify this
interpretation.

579. a-yonijah - The Unborn.

Om ayonijAya namah.

In SrI BhaTTar's interpretation of the current group of nAma-s as
referring to the vyAsa incarnation, he explains the current nAma as
referring to vyAsa being created out of sound by bhagavAn as sArasvata
-

	atha bhUyo jagat sRshTvA "bho" Sabdena anuvAdayan    |
	 sArasvatIm uccacAra tatra sArasvato'bhavat    ||   (mahAbhA. Santi.
350.37)

SrI v.v. rAmAnujan gives the support from peria tirumozhi 4.3.2 -
piRappoDu mUppu onRillavan.  

SrI satyadevo vAsishTha observes that bhagavAn created the sun, and we
can easily perceive that the sun was not born like the normal humans,
and so it is easy to perceive that bhagavAn is a-yonijah.

SrI Samkara and others following his interpretation have interpreted
the above two nAma-s as one nAma - vAcaspatir-ayonijah - He who is the
Master of words and who is unborn.

-dAsan kRshNamAcAryan







 


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