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Fifth day of Sri Raama Navami celebration

From: V. Sadagopan (
Date: Sat Apr 19 1997 - 16:48:19 PDT

Dear Devotees of Sri Raamaa :

Pallavi of Naatai Krithi :

The pallavi begins with two majestic salutations .


Sri Raamaa is the sarva rakshaka , satya vratha ,
dharma vigrahan . He accepts the saraNaagathi 
performed by even those , who have committed
apacharams to Him and he removes their fears 
and blesses them with aanandham . Saint Thyagaraajaa
introduces his ishta daivatham as that aanandha kaarakan
or producer of aanandham for all the jeevans of world . 
The saint salutes Raamaa as  the Jagadhaanandhakaarakan ,
who treated his devotees ( VibhishaNan ) and enemies 
( kaakasuran ) alike , once they sought His protection
and gives them aanandham through freedom from fear .

This Jagadhaananthakaarakan removed the fear of Sugreevaa
and made him the king of Kishkindhaa . He accepted the 
saraNAgathi of VibhishaNan and blessed him with the kingdom
of Lankhaa . He is the one , who made the whole world happy 
by using His thunderous Kodhandam and sent swift moving
arrows to destroy the evil RaavaNaa .He is the producer of
aanandham as Ramachandraa for the ocean of Raghu vamsam .
He is the cause of aanandham for the kumudha pushpam
(night blooming blue lotus ) of Sitaa Devi by being the moon 
to her and make her blossom with happiness and joy . 
He is also like the moon for the neelothpala pushpam 
--another flower that blooms at the sight of the moon --
of Sugreevaa's heart . 

Sri Raamaa's Jagadhaanandhakaarakathvam is captured 
well in one of the  slokams  of BhodEndraaL . 
He was a great sanyasi and Raama chaitanyaa . 
BodendhraaL   was a Sankaraacchaaryaa of Kanchi 
Kamakoti peetam . He renounced his post as Achaarya 
and retired to a village on the banks of Cauveri to meditate on 
the glories of Raama naamam and blessed  us withthe most
sonorous  poem known as Raama KarNaamrutham .
The particular slokam capturing the jagadhaanandha
svarupam of Sri Raamaa is as follows : 

Sri Ramachandra karuNaakara RaghavEndra 
rajEndrachandra Raghuvamsa samudrachandra I
Sugreeva nethtra yugaLothpala poorNachandra 
Sitaamana: kumudha chandra namO namasthE II

The first naamaa , " Om Jagadhaanandhakaarakaaya nama: "
fits very well with the thoughts contained in the above slokam .

The second naama of the Nattai krithi is : Om Jaya Janaki
praaNa nayakaaya nama: " . Here , the sadhguru salutes 
Seethaaraaman as Jaanaki RamaNan . O the life breath 
and Lord of the auspicious Jaanaki devi ! May all mangaLams
befall you ! You are victorious due to the sambhandham of
Janakee maathaa . PallaaNdu , PallaaNdu pallaayiratthaaNdu 
to You ! Thus , the saint of Thiruvaiyaaru performed 
mangalAsAsanam for  Jaanaki praaNa nathan . This pallaaNdu 
is an echo of the portion of dhyaana slokam of Sri Raama :
" Seethaa mukhaambhOruha sanchareeka: nirantharam
mangaLam aatanOthu " . This benedictory salutation 
equates Sri Raama as the bramaram ( King bee ) that circles
around the lotus-like face of Jaanaki devi . 


gaganaathipa sathkulaja raaja raajEsvara !
sugunaakara sura sEvya bhavya dhaayaka sadhaa sakala 
(Jagadhaananthakaaraka ) 

Gaganam means heaven or sky. The Lord (athipan )
of the sky(gaganaathipan )  is Suryan . Sri Raamabhadran 
was born in the auspicious vamsam  of  Surya devan (sathkulajan ) .
Hence Sri Raama is saluted here as " Om gaganaathipa
sathkulajaaya nama: " . Sri AnjanEyan in his Sitaa-Raama 
sthothram salutes Sri Raamaa's  and Sitaas" vamsams
alternatively in this way :

RaghooNaam Kuladeepam cha 
nimeenaam kuladeepikaam I
Soorya vamsa samuthbhoothaam 
soma   vamsa samudhbhavaam II

The next three salutations of the anupallavi
vaakyams are :

Om sugaNaakaraaya nama :
Om sura sEvyaaya nama :
Om bhavya sadhaa sakala daayakaaya nama:

Sri Raama is the treasure house of all auspicious 
attributes (guNaas ) befitting the definition of His name
as " RamayatE ithi Raama : " . He generates joy and bliss 
in the world through his suguNaas and thus has earned 
the title as Jagadhaanandhakaarakan . This suguNaakaran 
and His anantha kalyaaNa guNaas have been described 
by the following salutation of adhi kavi , Valmeeki this way :

tvam hi satyavratha soorO dharmikO dhruta vikrama : I
pareeshyakaari smruthimaan nisrushtaathmaa suhrudhsu cha II

Sage Valmiki's description of Ramaa as the one , who never breaks 
his word(satyavratha: ) , valorous  ( soora: ) , the observer
of dharmaa (dhaarmika : ) , one with the firm and unfailing power in 
the battle field (dhruta vikrama : ) , one who arrives at the right
conclusion by examining all aspects of a question (pareeshyakaari ) ,
one who remembers His friends and who is indebted to those ,
who helped Him are the special attributes that earn Him the title
given by Saint Thyagaraajaa as "suguNaakaran " .

The next salutation of the Saint is : " Om sura sevyaaya nama: " .
Sura means the devaas . He was sought by the devAs ,who
begged for His intercession to ward off the injustices caused by 
the evil RaavaNaa . The reference is to the beginning sections
of Baala khaandam , where the devaas assemble on the banks of 
the milky ocean and pray to Sriman NaarAyaNaa to save them 
from the akramams of RavaNaa . The Lord listened to them 
and agreed to descend on  earth (avathaaram )  as the son 
of Dasarathaa to destroy RavaNaa . 

The final salutation of the anupallavi section is :
" Om bhavya sadhaa sakala daayakaaya nama : " . 
This salutation relates to the inner meaning of the name
Raama and the blessings that accrue to one , who meditates
on that Taaraka naamam . For  those Bhavyaaas , who prostrate 
before Him or hold both their hands together in anjali mudraa 
or perform saraNaagathi , the natha sathyan showers all of His 
choicest blessings on them without let  (sadhaa sakal daayakan ) .
In this regard , He is the Achyutha Varadaraajan .   

The following 35 Raamaashtotthara naamaas are very close 
to the  meanings to the 8 naamaas used by Saint Thyagaraajaa 
in his pallavi and anupallavi ashtottharams :

Om jithaamithraaya nama: (11th naamam of the AshtOttharam )
Om dhaanthaaya nama: (14th naamam )
Om vaagminE nama: ( 17th naamam )
Om sathya vaachE nama: ( 18th naamam )
Om sathya vikramaaya nama: ( 19th naamam )
Om sathyavrathaaya nama; (20th naamam )
Om vratha dharaaya nama : ( 21st naamam ) 
Om VibhishaNa paritaathrE nama: ( 26th naamam ) 
Om bhavarOgasya bheshajaaya nama : ( 34th naamam )
Om thrilokha rakshakaaya nama: ( 41st naamam ) 
Om Ahalyaasaapa samanaaya nama: ( 44th naamam ) 
Om pithru bhakthaaya nama: ( 45th naamam )
Om vara pradhaaya nama: ( 46th naamam ) 
Om jithEndriyaaya nama: ( 47th naamam ) 
Om jitha krodhaaya nama: ( 48th naamam ) 
Om mahaa dEvaaya nama: ( 58th naamam ) 
Om mahaa bhujaaya nama: ( 59th naamam ) 
Om sarva dEvasthuthaaya nama: ( 60th naamam ) 
Om mahaa yOginE nama: ( 64th naamam ) 
Om sugreevEpsitha raajyadhaaya nama: ( 66th naamam ) 
Om sarva puNyaadhikapalaaya nama: ( 67th naamam ) 
Om smrutha sarva agha naasaaya nama: ( 68th naamam )
Om puNyOdhayayaa nama: ( 73rd naamam ) 
Om smitha vakthraaya nama: ( 76th naamam ) 
Om mitha bhaashiNE nama; ( 77th naamam ) 
Om poorva bhaashiNE nama: ( 78th naamam ) 
Om DhirOdhaattha gunOttharaaya nama : ( 80th naamam )
Om SarvaapaguNa varjithaaya nama: ( 96th naamam ) 
Om Sacchidhaanantha Vigrahaaya nama: ( 99 th naamam ) 
Om param jyOthishE nama : ( 100th naamam )
Om ParamdhaamnE nama: ( 101st naamam ) 
Om paraakaasaaya nama : ( 102nd naamam ) 
Om paraathparaaya nama : ( 103rd naamam ) 
Om parEsaaya nama: ( 104th naamam ) 
Om parasmai nama: (108th naamam ) 

asmaakam Jaanaki kaantha smaraNam sadhaa bhavEth 

Oppiliappan Koil VaradAchaari Sadagopan