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Re: Sri GuNa Rathna Kosam : Part XXXVII: SlOkam 27

From: Sadagopan (
Date: Sat Apr 28 2001 - 19:32:12 PDT

Dear BhakthAs of SriranganAyaki:

In this slOkam , Bhattar describes the unique 
enjoyment of Nithya Sooris/Saadya DevAs in serving 
the dhivya dampathis in Sri Vaikuntam. 

Twenty Seventh SlOkam
tE saadhyA: santhi dEvA Janani! 
 guNa-vapur-vEsha-vruttha roopai:
bhOgairvA nirvisEshA: savayasa iva yE
 nithya-nirdhOsha-gandhA: I
hE Sri: Srirangabharthustava cha padha-
 parichAravruthyai sadhApi
prEmapradhrANa bhAvavila-Hrudhaya 
 haDAthkAra kaimkarya-bhOgA: II

(meaning : Dr.V.N.Vedantha Desikan):The Nithyasooris
--also called Saadhya DevAs -- are exactly like the Lord 
in GuNAs, Form , its non-material nature , behaviour
nature and bliss without any difference. They are
ever flawless;they engage themselves ever in Your 
service --I mean the service to Both of You -- by
compulsive force of their emotional force that 
compels service as a pleasure in itself , the mind being 
filled with love of the Divine Couple and love of
Their service--they derive a unique bliss. it is
only such a voluntary loving service , which is free
from stigmas. Elsewhere One speaks of service to
a person , whosoever he may be as a lowly job
to be condemned.

Additional Comments & Elaborations by adiyEn
Bhattar addresses Sri RanganAyaki as "JananI" or
the Mother of the Universe . He describes the joyous
service (kaimkaryam ) renderd by Nithya Sooris to Her
and Her Lord In Sri Vaikuntam . These Nithya Sooris are
known otherwise as as Sadhya DEvAs with their home 
in Sri Vaikuntam.

Twice in Purusha Sooktam , we come across references 
to Saadhya DEvAs: (1)"Yathra PoorvE SaadhyAssanthi DEvA:" 
and (2) "tEna dEvA ayajantha , SaadhyA Rishasccha yE". 
Swamy ParAsara Bhattar uses verbatim the Vedic Phrase :
" SaadhyA: Santhi dEvA:" from Purusha Sooktham .The commentary
of Upanishad BhAshyakArar , Sri RanganAtha Muni for the word 
"dEvA: " in Purusha Sooktham is as follows:

" tE surA: parikeerthayanthE yE SurAlaya-vaasina:.
  Vaikunta-Vaasina: Sarve SaadhyA dEvA: sameerithA:"

( Those who reside in Svarga lOkam of IndrA are called
  SurAs and those who reside in the Vaikunta Lokam are 
  recognized as SaadhyAs. The Term dEvA: in Purusha Sooktham
  identifies with the SaadhyAs or Nithya Sooris).

The  SaadhyAs are some what different from Muktha Jeevans
in that they never experienced the bonds of Karma like
the Bhaddha Jeevans. Nithya Kaimkaryam to the Dhivya 
Dampathis in Sri Vaikuntam is their whole way of life.
They thrive from the enjoyment of performance
of Kaimkaryam and accept such kaimkaryama as Parama BhOga

These SaadhyAs some times-- at the command of the Dhivya
Dampathis-- descend to earth as AchAryans to redeem us.
Examples of them in our Guru ParamparA in descending 
order are : 

(1)Swamy NammAzhwAr ( Nithya Soori VishvaksEna 
amsam)(2)AchArya Naatha Muni( Nithya Soori Gaja 
VakthrAmsar)(3)UyyakkoNDAr (JayathsEnAmsar)
(4) ManakkAl Nampi( KumudAmsar)
(5) AaLavandhAr (Nithya Soori Hari-VakthrAmsar)
(6) Periya Nampi (KumudhAkshAmsar)
(7) EmperumAnAr ( AdhisEshAmsam)
(8) ThirukkuruhaippiLLAn ( Nithya Soori PrasaNDAmsar)
(9) His sishyar , YengaL AzhvAn ( VijayAmsar)
(10)His sishyar,NadAdhUr AmmAl (Nithya Soori SubhadrAmsar)
(11)His sishyar,ApuLLAr (Nithya Soori SuprathishtAmsar) 
(12)Swamy Desikan ( ThiruvEnkatamudayAn's Bell )
(13 )His Sishyar, Brahma tantra Svatantra Swamy
(14) His Mukhya Sishyar, KaDikAsatham AmmAL
(15) His chief sishyar, Sri Adhi VaNN SathakOpar ,
     who received sanyAsam from Lakshmi Nrusimhan Himself.

This Guru ParamparA continues without break until now.
The SaadhyAs incarnate here(on Earth) , complete the task 
assigned to them by the Divine Couple and hurry
back at the end to Sri Vaikuntam to enjoy the bliss
of Nithya Kaimkaryam there. These are the SaadhyAs 
that Bhattar has in mind. 

In the first two paadhams of this slOkam , Bhattar
provides additional proof for the Saadhya dEvAs being 
identical to Nithya Sooris. He describes them as
"Nithya NirdhOsha GandhA:" They have no blemish of
Karma sambhandham wahtsoever ; in contrast,the other Muktha 
Jeevans in Sri Vaikuntam had karam sambhandham in 
Bhaddha Dasai before Prapatthi anushtAnam . 

These Nithya Sooris (Saadhya dEvas) have six points of 
similarity to the Lord :(1)GuNam (2) dhivya ManGaLa
Vigraham(3)vEsham /kOlam (4) Vruttham /Conductance
without involvement with karmAs (5)Svaroopam / Possession
of Jn~Anam , Aanandham and Amalathvam (6)BhOgam or 
capacity to enjoy equally the dhivya dampathis' 
Isvaryam/VibhUthi. The Brahma Soothram , " BhOgamAthra 
Saamya LingAsccha" refers to this identity in enjoyment 
as the Lord & His consort. The only activities that 
the SaadhyAs and the Muktha Jeevans do not have 
the power to enter into are the cosmic activities 
such as the creation of the Universe , its protection 
and destruction.These cosmic activitis reside exclusively 
with the Lord. 

Oh RanganAyaki! These SaadhyAs melt with joy over 
the opportunity You both and are servants of Yours .
With a mind overcome by the power of serving You both,
these SaadhyAs identify their kaimkaryams as their 
Sole bliss (BhOgam). They are enslaved as it were by 
the powerful bonds of affection to You both.They do
not know any vrutthi (occupation) other than 
Sesha Vrutthi ( occupation as bonded servants )
and are compelled as it were by their own deep 
love and affection for You both as adhyantha 
Sesha bhUthALs .Their prEmai for You both
overpowers them and leads them to enjoy "HaDAthkAra 
Kaimkarya BhOgam".HadAthkAram means obsessive mode
of behavior , where one is helpless and they spend
their time in such a blissful state of kaimkaryam
to You both. The powerful feelings of love for You
both propell them with force (BhalAthkAram) to serve
You both and enjoy the blis sresulting therefrom.

NaarAyaNa NaarAyaNa  NaarAyana ,
Daasan Oppiliappan Koil VaradAchAri SatakOpan



           - SrImate rAmAnujAya namaH -
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