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Teliyatha Marai Nilangal Teligindrome-concluding part

From: sadagopan iyengar (sadagopaniyengar_at_yahoo.com)
Date: Sun Apr 08 2001 - 05:30:05 PDT

   Srimate Srivansatakopa Sri Vedanta Desika Yatindra
Maha Desikaya Nama:
   
Teliyatha Marai Nilangal Teligindrome-17
 
 "yetra dEvA: amrutam AnasAna: triteeyE dhmAni
abhyrayanta"
 Having established Paramatma as the Father, friend
and all types of relative of all human beings, the
Upanishad goes on to confirm that He is also the sole
benefactor of the NityaSuris , who attain their
respective positions of kainkarya in Paramapatam due
to His munificence.
 Azhwar describes this concisely thus-
 "vAnavar mutrum engO".

The eighteenth mantra describes how the Nityasuris
spread throughout the Universe. Paramatma, being our
supreme well-wisher, not only comes down to this earth
in various avatAras to emancipate baddha jeevAs, but
also sends Nityasuris throughout the Universe in
various forms, as Azhwars, AcharyAs, etc. to try and
accomplish what He himself could not . This is the
mantra-
  "pari dyAva pritivi yenti sadya: pari lOkAn pari
disa: pari suva:"
 There is an almost literal translation of this mantra
in the Tiruvaimozhi, "Poliga Poliga pOitru valluyir
sApam"
Sri Nammazhwar says, "tokka amarar kuzhAngal engum
parandana kaNdeer"
"nEmippirAn  tamar pOndar…….gyAlam parandAr"
"kadal vANNan bhootangal maN mEl …engum idam
kondanavE" etc.

The nineteenth mantra concludes the grand vision of
the Paramatma and His attributes, which commenced with
the"Ambhasya ParE" mantra. 
 Just as the previous couplet referred to the spread
of Nityasuris throughout the world, this mantra
describes how the ever-merciful Lord, having created
and pervaded all beings as their antarAtmA, spreads
out in all directions, in an effort to emancipate
eligible jeevAtmas, with full realization of their own
and the Lord's nature and attributes.
This indicates the propensity of jeevAtmAs to struggle
in the mundane mire and that of Emperuman to lift them
up (magnAn uddharatE lOkan kAruNyAt sAstra pANinA").

Kurugoor Nambi has this to say-"Arnda gnAna chuddar
Agi agalam keezh mEl aLavirandu 
 nErnda uruvAi aruvAgum ivatrin uruvAm nedumAlE"
Truly reflecting the purport of both the Upanishad
vakya and Azhwar's sreesooktis  are Sri PeriavAchAn
PiLLai's panktis reproduced below-
"oruvani pidikkaikkAga oorai vaLaivArai pole, ivarai
(Azhwarai) agappadutthugaikkAga vyAptan Agiradu".
In  other words, VyAkyAna Chakravrti says that
Emperuman spread out in all directions, just to
ensnare Azhwar, just as police would spread out a
dragnet throughout the city to trap a single fugitive.


 Most of the remaining parts of the
Mahanarayanopanishad deal with mantras for
facilitating meditation and other religious acts,
connected with worship, intended to lead an aspirant
to fuller realization of the Divine Reality hitherto
described.  Though there are several mantras with
philosophical purport too, they are mostly a
reiteration.

As such, adiyen would like to conclude this series
here, with profound gratitude to various bhagavatas
who encouraged adiyen periodically with their generous
words.
 Dio Valenti, adiyen would like to continue this
series with fresh material from other Upanishads,
after some time.
  With sincere thanks to everybody for their patience,
     dasan, sadagopan.




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